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These are the user uploaded subtitles that are being translated: 1 00:00:00,120 --> 00:00:02,179 you 2 00:00:35,628 --> 00:00:40,729 the earth was created not with a gentle 3 00:00:38,479 --> 00:00:43,628 caress of love but with the brutal 4 00:00:40,729 --> 00:00:43,628 violence of rape 5 00:00:45,179 --> 00:00:48,340 [Applause] 6 00:00:53,700 --> 00:00:59,609 [Music] 7 00:01:14,019 --> 00:01:17,119 [Music] 8 00:01:28,750 --> 00:01:32,019 [Music] 9 00:01:35,400 --> 00:02:33,780 [Music] 10 00:02:30,650 --> 00:02:36,209 in evolutions greatest irony one of the 11 00:02:33,780 --> 00:02:39,090 first creatures to appear would be the 12 00:02:36,209 --> 00:02:41,430 last to remain for incubating in the 13 00:02:39,090 --> 00:02:44,789 darkened womb of prehistory was a seed 14 00:02:41,430 --> 00:02:48,530 of grotesque variation a fetus with the 15 00:02:44,789 --> 00:02:48,530 capability to dominate all 16 00:02:49,159 --> 00:03:12,188 [Music] 17 00:03:09,000 --> 00:03:12,188 [Applause] 18 00:03:13,620 --> 00:03:27,439 [Music] 19 00:04:09,719 --> 00:04:14,770 [Music] 20 00:04:30,160 --> 00:04:35,960 masks beneath the beauty of nature's 21 00:04:32,720 --> 00:04:38,900 world is one single and ugly truth life 22 00:04:35,959 --> 00:04:41,259 must take life in the interest of life 23 00:04:38,899 --> 00:04:41,259 itself 24 00:04:47,379 --> 00:04:53,120 it is the mistake of arrogance to equate 25 00:04:50,209 --> 00:04:55,789 size with significance for the less 26 00:04:53,120 --> 00:04:58,329 visible one's enemy the more powerful 27 00:04:55,790 --> 00:04:58,330 his threat 28 00:05:10,600 --> 00:05:15,860 my name is Nils hellström that name 29 00:05:14,240 --> 00:05:17,650 rings a bell at all it's probably in 30 00:05:15,860 --> 00:05:23,540 connection with the words fanatic 31 00:05:17,649 --> 00:05:26,060 lunatic heretic actually I'm a scientist 32 00:05:23,540 --> 00:05:30,310 and these other descriptions have come 33 00:05:26,060 --> 00:05:34,519 as a result of my dedication and my work 34 00:05:30,310 --> 00:05:38,449 my obsession some have called it with 35 00:05:34,519 --> 00:05:42,139 certain findings I've made it's not easy 36 00:05:38,449 --> 00:05:45,649 to be obsessed the past 18 months it's 37 00:05:42,139 --> 00:05:49,490 cost me two fellowships one assistant 38 00:05:45,649 --> 00:05:57,409 professorship and even a few friendships 39 00:05:49,490 --> 00:06:00,069 I don't care about that really in a way 40 00:05:57,410 --> 00:06:00,070 it's kind of flattering 41 00:06:01,339 --> 00:06:06,019 what I really regret is that after 9 42 00:06:03,769 --> 00:06:09,740 years of concentrated work I've learned 43 00:06:06,019 --> 00:06:12,889 something that no one wants to hear but 44 00:06:09,740 --> 00:06:16,129 unless someone does here unless someone 45 00:06:12,889 --> 00:06:18,879 is at least exposed to it we as a 46 00:06:16,129 --> 00:06:22,719 species might pass from existence 47 00:06:18,879 --> 00:06:22,719 without ever knowing why 48 00:06:28,399 --> 00:06:32,750 this is the radiation laboratory of Rock 49 00:06:30,560 --> 00:06:34,970 Valley Nevada a carefully controlled 50 00:06:32,750 --> 00:06:36,620 highly quarantined area were tests on 51 00:06:34,970 --> 00:06:40,370 the effects of radiation on living 52 00:06:36,620 --> 00:06:41,870 tissue were conducted when men first 53 00:06:40,370 --> 00:06:43,220 began to wonder whether or not it could 54 00:06:41,870 --> 00:06:46,340 withstand the effects of his own 55 00:06:43,220 --> 00:06:49,280 technology but his future and a heavily 56 00:06:46,339 --> 00:06:51,079 radioactive environment would be he 57 00:06:49,279 --> 00:06:54,709 began comparing his own powers against 58 00:06:51,079 --> 00:06:56,209 those of other animals to most of the 59 00:06:54,709 --> 00:06:58,759 animals he tested he found he was 60 00:06:56,209 --> 00:07:00,649 equally vulnerable but into this 61 00:06:58,759 --> 00:07:02,899 irradiated environment where all living 62 00:07:00,649 --> 00:07:06,649 things began to die came an unexpected 63 00:07:02,899 --> 00:07:09,560 survivor one creature that lived on as 64 00:07:06,649 --> 00:07:11,269 others faded from existence this one 65 00:07:09,560 --> 00:07:13,600 creature that had survived the 66 00:07:11,269 --> 00:07:17,779 historical ages of ice and flood a 67 00:07:13,600 --> 00:07:19,430 volcanic eruption and fire the insect in 68 00:07:17,779 --> 00:07:22,759 a frightening tour-de-force of 69 00:07:19,430 --> 00:07:25,250 adaptability proved conclusively that he 70 00:07:22,759 --> 00:07:33,589 could endure where man would ultimately 71 00:07:25,250 --> 00:07:37,579 fail this another evidence leads me to 72 00:07:33,589 --> 00:07:41,089 the following belief I'll tell it to you 73 00:07:37,579 --> 00:07:42,560 once I tell it to you simply I'll tell 74 00:07:41,089 --> 00:07:47,269 it to you in terms that no one likes to 75 00:07:42,560 --> 00:07:52,220 hear if any living species is to inherit 76 00:07:47,269 --> 00:07:53,629 the earth it will not be man long before 77 00:07:52,220 --> 00:07:55,250 the time that hydrogen bombs and 78 00:07:53,629 --> 00:07:56,839 pollution have put an end to us we will 79 00:07:55,250 --> 00:08:01,610 face competition for the earth itself 80 00:07:56,839 --> 00:08:06,348 from a life-form we arrogantly ignore we 81 00:08:01,610 --> 00:08:08,479 will be overrun deposed and succeeded by 82 00:08:06,348 --> 00:08:10,219 an army that was here long before us and 83 00:08:08,478 --> 00:08:14,000 is ultimately better equipped to survive 84 00:08:10,220 --> 00:08:16,070 than we battalions of mindless soldiers 85 00:08:14,000 --> 00:08:21,110 entering the contest with capabilities 86 00:08:16,069 --> 00:08:24,740 beyond our imagination yes I'm talking 87 00:08:21,110 --> 00:08:27,979 about insects and if you at this moment 88 00:08:24,740 --> 00:08:30,590 dared I think this is lunacy I invite 89 00:08:27,978 --> 00:08:34,370 you to remain in your seat draw your own 90 00:08:30,589 --> 00:08:37,538 conclusion and learn the inevitable 91 00:08:34,370 --> 00:08:37,538 destiny of ignorance 92 00:08:39,190 --> 00:08:45,020 primeval planet Earth an arena of 93 00:08:42,559 --> 00:08:47,829 continual contest were only the most 94 00:08:45,019 --> 00:08:51,319 versatile and resourceful can endure an 95 00:08:47,830 --> 00:08:54,800 atmosphere lacking an oxygen scorched by 96 00:08:51,320 --> 00:08:57,379 de frozen by night continually bombarded 97 00:08:54,799 --> 00:09:01,609 by the deadly radioactive rays of the 98 00:08:57,379 --> 00:09:03,669 Sun in this testing ground where the 99 00:09:01,610 --> 00:09:07,870 mighty dinosaur would stagger and fall 100 00:09:03,669 --> 00:09:20,459 one silent witness hangs on 101 00:09:07,870 --> 00:09:20,460 [Music] 102 00:09:22,070 --> 00:09:28,670 with a 300 million year headstart on man 103 00:09:25,679 --> 00:09:31,649 the insect begins to develop his powers 104 00:09:28,669 --> 00:09:35,000 he dominates the earth and exploits his 105 00:09:31,649 --> 00:09:37,740 Dominion well with each new generation 106 00:09:35,000 --> 00:09:40,529 come new experiments in shape and 107 00:09:37,740 --> 00:09:42,690 function transforming him into spectres 108 00:09:40,529 --> 00:09:45,230 as limitless as the imagination of the 109 00:09:42,690 --> 00:09:45,230 insane 110 00:09:45,799 --> 00:10:40,299 [Music] 111 00:10:37,769 --> 00:10:42,700 unlike other creatures who struggled 112 00:10:40,299 --> 00:10:45,479 against their environment he learned 113 00:10:42,700 --> 00:10:47,740 early to seek its protective embrace 114 00:10:45,480 --> 00:10:51,159 creating an endless wardrobe of 115 00:10:47,740 --> 00:11:17,500 camouflage he and his environment became 116 00:10:51,159 --> 00:11:20,439 one when the Predators came he was 117 00:11:17,500 --> 00:11:22,539 nowhere to be found so artistic his 118 00:11:20,440 --> 00:11:24,910 methods of deception that they would 119 00:11:22,539 --> 00:11:27,509 crawl upon his body in there very search 120 00:11:24,909 --> 00:11:27,509 for prey 121 00:11:31,539 --> 00:11:34,649 [Music] 122 00:11:40,019 --> 00:11:43,149 [Music] 123 00:11:45,879 --> 00:11:56,409 [Music] 124 00:11:53,519 --> 00:11:58,720 but the true miracle of his escape had 125 00:11:56,409 --> 00:12:00,429 yet to come at a time before other 126 00:11:58,720 --> 00:12:03,009 creatures were even aware there was a 127 00:12:00,429 --> 00:12:14,708 sky the insect was able to leave the 128 00:12:03,009 --> 00:12:17,139 ground 50 million years before the first 129 00:12:14,708 --> 00:12:19,778 bird would appear the insect had 130 00:12:17,139 --> 00:12:21,879 accomplished flight an ingenious system 131 00:12:19,778 --> 00:12:24,789 of hinges and muscles carrying his 132 00:12:21,879 --> 00:12:30,220 awkward body upward in sublime defiance 133 00:12:24,789 --> 00:12:32,769 of the hungry creatures below having 134 00:12:30,220 --> 00:12:36,310 exploited the water in land now into a 135 00:12:32,769 --> 00:12:38,559 virgin sky they soared their instinctive 136 00:12:36,309 --> 00:12:40,929 need for expansion nurtured by the winds 137 00:12:38,559 --> 00:12:43,239 of heaven itself but a cloud of 138 00:12:40,929 --> 00:12:45,759 contagious virus they sweep across the 139 00:12:43,240 --> 00:12:49,200 land infecting with their numbers the 140 00:12:45,759 --> 00:12:49,200 entire face of the globe 141 00:13:01,450 --> 00:13:06,950 but the prehistoric earth is not without 142 00:13:04,129 --> 00:13:09,350 defense for carefully interwoven in the 143 00:13:06,950 --> 00:13:13,070 matrix of innocent beauty is a McCobb 144 00:13:09,350 --> 00:13:16,129 masterpiece of revenge plants to have 145 00:13:13,070 --> 00:13:18,050 become predators the Cobra plant luring 146 00:13:16,129 --> 00:13:19,879 its victims into a maze where they will 147 00:13:18,049 --> 00:13:22,149 be constricted and digested without 148 00:13:19,879 --> 00:13:22,149 mercy 149 00:13:24,590 --> 00:13:33,499 [Music] 150 00:13:38,889 --> 00:13:52,609 [Music] 151 00:14:01,039 --> 00:14:04,189 [Music] 152 00:14:08,840 --> 00:14:18,619 [Music] 153 00:14:18,710 --> 00:14:24,570 gaping its jaws with menacing hunger the 154 00:14:22,320 --> 00:14:27,080 Venus flytrap beckons with gentle 155 00:14:24,570 --> 00:14:27,080 perfume 156 00:14:29,529 --> 00:14:39,899 [Music] 157 00:14:45,450 --> 00:15:10,470 [Music] 158 00:15:06,149 --> 00:15:10,470 [Applause] 159 00:15:11,570 --> 00:15:15,239 [Music] 160 00:15:19,860 --> 00:15:47,949 [Music] 161 00:15:48,769 --> 00:15:53,990 the beautiful Sun do a murderous in 162 00:15:52,889 --> 00:15:57,029 disguise 163 00:15:53,990 --> 00:16:00,110 tempting with imitation succulents all 164 00:15:57,029 --> 00:16:00,110 to come forth 165 00:16:02,339 --> 00:16:06,569 instead of sweet nectar they will find 166 00:16:04,899 --> 00:16:09,669 sticky paste 167 00:16:06,568 --> 00:16:13,169 they're very struggle to escape exciting 168 00:16:09,669 --> 00:16:25,729 the deadly tentacles to descend 169 00:16:13,169 --> 00:16:25,729 [Music] 170 00:16:30,379 --> 00:17:01,460 [Music] 171 00:17:03,690 --> 00:17:13,169 [Music] 172 00:17:10,500 --> 00:17:17,759 their indifference born of necessity 173 00:17:13,169 --> 00:17:17,759 others to become an instrument of death 174 00:17:39,509 --> 00:17:51,960 [Music] 175 00:17:54,420 --> 00:18:11,558 [Music] 176 00:18:12,670 --> 00:18:16,820 it was the very hardship of life that 177 00:18:15,440 --> 00:18:19,009 stimulated their incredible 178 00:18:16,819 --> 00:18:22,339 resourcefulness with an overpowering 179 00:18:19,009 --> 00:18:24,410 urge to survive certain insects began 180 00:18:22,339 --> 00:18:27,558 pooling their resources to form a 181 00:18:24,410 --> 00:18:29,900 defense against the treachery outside in 182 00:18:27,558 --> 00:18:32,660 a climate of deficient rain and sparse 183 00:18:29,900 --> 00:18:35,410 vegetation the harvester ant took the 184 00:18:32,660 --> 00:18:37,670 first primitive step toward agriculture 185 00:18:35,410 --> 00:18:39,529 gathering seeds during periods of 186 00:18:37,670 --> 00:18:41,660 abundance to store them below ground 187 00:18:39,529 --> 00:18:45,399 where they would provide food for the 188 00:18:41,660 --> 00:18:45,400 colony during the months of drought 189 00:18:47,000 --> 00:18:58,240 [Music] 190 00:18:58,519 --> 00:19:02,329 while the adults are out working in the 191 00:19:00,529 --> 00:19:04,299 field the young take on the 192 00:19:02,329 --> 00:19:06,678 responsibility of child rearing 193 00:19:04,299 --> 00:19:09,200 gathering the eggs and larvae into a 194 00:19:06,679 --> 00:19:11,390 communal nursery they tend the infants 195 00:19:09,200 --> 00:19:17,660 and the unborn with a meticulous care of 196 00:19:11,390 --> 00:19:20,059 a midwife there are several stages of 197 00:19:17,660 --> 00:19:22,460 fetal development and each is attended 198 00:19:20,058 --> 00:19:24,109 differently the specific instructions 199 00:19:22,460 --> 00:19:26,390 carried chemically on the skin of the 200 00:19:24,109 --> 00:19:29,419 larva are as clearly readable to the 201 00:19:26,390 --> 00:19:31,940 nurse ant as a written prescription for 202 00:19:29,420 --> 00:19:34,429 the soon-to-be-born larvae a predigested 203 00:19:31,940 --> 00:19:36,440 formula must be made the nurse ant 204 00:19:34,429 --> 00:19:40,700 regurgitating it directly into the newly 205 00:19:36,440 --> 00:19:42,980 formed mouth as soon as the young are 206 00:19:40,700 --> 00:19:45,830 born they must take over the job of 207 00:19:42,980 --> 00:19:50,179 Nursing freeing their own nurses for 208 00:19:45,829 --> 00:19:52,428 work in the fields into their 209 00:19:50,179 --> 00:19:53,630 subsistence diet Falls an occasional 210 00:19:52,429 --> 00:19:56,570 gourmets delight 211 00:19:53,630 --> 00:20:01,760 a dead bee becomes a banquet and they 212 00:19:56,569 --> 00:20:03,740 will guard it with their lives the 213 00:20:01,759 --> 00:20:05,839 instinct to harvest is akin to the 214 00:20:03,740 --> 00:20:08,480 instinct of greed 215 00:20:05,839 --> 00:20:10,798 [Music] 216 00:20:08,480 --> 00:20:13,589 to a neighboring colony of red 217 00:20:10,798 --> 00:20:15,888 harvesters the temptation has become too 218 00:20:13,589 --> 00:20:15,888 great 219 00:20:22,619 --> 00:20:29,129 over the caucus of a bee they plunge 220 00:20:25,569 --> 00:20:29,129 themselves into destruction 221 00:20:45,960 --> 00:20:52,130 [Music] 222 00:21:21,910 --> 00:21:28,250 like a battle of gruesome robots once 223 00:21:25,279 --> 00:21:30,289 they begin they cannot stop with their 224 00:21:28,250 --> 00:21:32,809 own parts strewn upon the ground they 225 00:21:30,289 --> 00:21:35,420 continue to fight the battle ending only 226 00:21:32,809 --> 00:21:44,779 when the last of them is dismembered and 227 00:21:35,420 --> 00:21:46,820 dead let it be said of the harvester ant 228 00:21:44,779 --> 00:21:50,109 that he displayed more than one 229 00:21:46,819 --> 00:21:50,109 similarity to man 230 00:21:51,769 --> 00:21:56,778 [Music] 231 00:21:56,808 --> 00:22:02,428 as a scientist I would very much like to 232 00:22:00,569 --> 00:22:05,939 have been on hand during the first seven 233 00:22:02,429 --> 00:22:07,739 days of creation I would have liked to 234 00:22:05,940 --> 00:22:10,200 have seen the ironic smile on the 235 00:22:07,739 --> 00:22:13,288 creator's face as he gave each creature 236 00:22:10,200 --> 00:22:15,419 a different strength knowing full well 237 00:22:13,288 --> 00:22:17,158 that eventually only two among them 238 00:22:15,419 --> 00:22:21,349 would be left to fight for what remained 239 00:22:17,159 --> 00:22:24,160 of the earth that seems preposterous 240 00:22:21,348 --> 00:22:26,919 here's a little fact for you 241 00:22:24,160 --> 00:22:29,320 today as most other animal species are 242 00:22:26,920 --> 00:22:32,980 diminishing in population only two are 243 00:22:29,319 --> 00:22:37,299 definitely on the increase man and 244 00:22:32,980 --> 00:22:39,220 insect man because he is the only 245 00:22:37,299 --> 00:22:43,539 creature with the ability to radically 246 00:22:39,220 --> 00:22:45,610 change the earth and the insect because 247 00:22:43,539 --> 00:22:48,879 he is the only creature who can adapt to 248 00:22:45,609 --> 00:22:50,919 whatever change his man can make when 249 00:22:48,880 --> 00:22:53,800 you see him in a certain perspective it 250 00:22:50,920 --> 00:22:58,539 is we who are the Taurus he who is the 251 00:22:53,799 --> 00:23:02,829 giant he can pull an object a hundred 252 00:22:58,539 --> 00:23:07,299 times his weight jump a distance 50 253 00:23:02,829 --> 00:23:10,299 times his size and if he's carrying the 254 00:23:07,299 --> 00:23:12,069 right kind of juice kill tiny creatures 255 00:23:10,299 --> 00:23:16,720 like us with a simple bite in the back 256 00:23:12,069 --> 00:23:20,289 of the neck swimming for the moment that 257 00:23:16,720 --> 00:23:24,069 he is our opponent at sea in a physical 258 00:23:20,289 --> 00:23:26,859 sense what he has going for him face is 259 00:23:24,069 --> 00:23:29,200 functional and without expression all 260 00:23:26,859 --> 00:23:32,740 the eyes and a mouth just enough to keep 261 00:23:29,200 --> 00:23:36,220 the rest of the body alive no muscles to 262 00:23:32,740 --> 00:23:37,720 smile with or frown with or in any way 263 00:23:36,220 --> 00:23:42,339 betray what's lurking beneath the 264 00:23:37,720 --> 00:23:44,079 surface you'll notice he has no ears or 265 00:23:42,339 --> 00:23:47,230 nose but don't think it makes him 266 00:23:44,079 --> 00:23:49,449 oblivious he can see us and hear us 267 00:23:47,230 --> 00:23:51,339 through a thousand tiny hairs that warn 268 00:23:49,450 --> 00:23:55,990 him of our presence in every pore of his 269 00:23:51,339 --> 00:23:58,659 body compared to man he's considered 270 00:23:55,990 --> 00:24:01,630 primitive but for this reason he's 271 00:23:58,660 --> 00:24:04,420 ultimately more durable their life 272 00:24:01,630 --> 00:24:05,240 begins as ours the fertilization of a 273 00:24:04,420 --> 00:24:27,090 single cell 274 00:24:05,240 --> 00:24:29,769 [Music] 275 00:24:27,089 --> 00:24:32,559 the miracle of creation seen in this 276 00:24:29,769 --> 00:24:35,440 minute is the product of six short days 277 00:24:32,559 --> 00:24:38,109 in the time it will take a single human 278 00:24:35,440 --> 00:24:42,910 embryo to develop this insect could 279 00:24:38,109 --> 00:24:43,469 reproduce 401 billion 360 million of his 280 00:24:42,910 --> 00:24:57,390 kind 281 00:24:43,470 --> 00:24:57,390 [Music] 282 00:24:57,440 --> 00:25:02,220 unnoticed and unloved they come into 283 00:25:00,539 --> 00:25:04,670 this world possessing all the knowledge 284 00:25:02,220 --> 00:25:07,460 they will need for an entire lifetime 285 00:25:04,670 --> 00:25:09,779 none will teach them none will shelter 286 00:25:07,460 --> 00:25:12,870 program from birth to death 287 00:25:09,779 --> 00:25:17,970 each has inherited the total sum of 300 288 00:25:12,869 --> 00:25:20,219 million years experience they are born 289 00:25:17,970 --> 00:25:22,850 now because the lessons were learned 290 00:25:20,220 --> 00:25:22,850 then 291 00:25:22,950 --> 00:25:32,330 [Music] 292 00:25:29,888 --> 00:25:34,519 physically they are a miracle of 293 00:25:32,329 --> 00:25:36,978 engineering their skeleton is on the 294 00:25:34,519 --> 00:25:40,159 outside allowing greater leverage to 295 00:25:36,979 --> 00:25:43,100 muscles within they move by a system of 296 00:25:40,159 --> 00:25:46,299 hinges flexing an infinite variation is 297 00:25:43,099 --> 00:25:46,298 the situation demands 298 00:25:50,180 --> 00:25:55,799 air is taken not by lungs but directly 299 00:25:53,279 --> 00:25:58,440 into the skin by a body that acts as a 300 00:25:55,799 --> 00:26:01,740 bellows defense mechanisms are 301 00:25:58,440 --> 00:26:05,070 everywhere spikes in prickles stingers 302 00:26:01,740 --> 00:26:09,380 and thorns burning chemicals and poisons 303 00:26:05,069 --> 00:26:09,379 spears that jut angrily into the air 304 00:26:09,680 --> 00:26:16,259 like a finely honed machine his jaws are 305 00:26:13,380 --> 00:26:18,720 sharpened as they cut his feet giving 306 00:26:16,259 --> 00:26:22,910 firm foothold extending his mobility 307 00:26:18,720 --> 00:26:22,910 into areas where few others dare go 308 00:26:25,029 --> 00:26:31,149 [Music] 309 00:26:31,789 --> 00:26:36,720 even his heart is something alien a 310 00:26:34,339 --> 00:26:39,299 colorless substance courses through his 311 00:26:36,720 --> 00:26:50,039 body in response to the spasms of a 312 00:26:39,299 --> 00:26:51,899 transparent chamber unlike man whose 313 00:26:50,039 --> 00:26:54,420 physical limitations are dictated from 314 00:26:51,900 --> 00:26:56,220 the moment of his birth the insect is 315 00:26:54,420 --> 00:27:01,200 born with the ability to actually 316 00:26:56,220 --> 00:27:03,980 improve upon his own body when he 317 00:27:01,200 --> 00:27:06,840 reaches the limits of his capability 318 00:27:03,980 --> 00:27:09,529 miraculously transforms into an entirely 319 00:27:06,839 --> 00:27:09,529 new being 320 00:27:11,349 --> 00:27:16,539 the caterpillar is born with only half 321 00:27:13,720 --> 00:27:19,259 the equipment he needs for survival for 322 00:27:16,539 --> 00:27:22,659 his only function in life is to eat 323 00:27:19,259 --> 00:27:24,869 denied the ability to reproduce he would 324 00:27:22,660 --> 00:27:28,420 die before fostering others of his kind 325 00:27:24,869 --> 00:27:36,429 but from his incomplete body he will 326 00:27:28,420 --> 00:27:39,820 salvage new life hardening from within 327 00:27:36,430 --> 00:27:44,880 his skins begins to split extruding with 328 00:27:39,819 --> 00:27:44,879 convulsion and alien sleeping form 329 00:27:45,329 --> 00:27:49,839 through a process similar to the 330 00:27:47,650 --> 00:27:52,780 contractions of birth the new form 331 00:27:49,839 --> 00:27:54,879 squeezes outward into the air a creature 332 00:27:52,779 --> 00:27:57,990 with no resemblance to the life it had 333 00:27:54,880 --> 00:27:57,990 just hours before 334 00:28:03,309 --> 00:28:09,289 now helpless without eyes or legs the 335 00:28:07,430 --> 00:28:11,750 pupil form extends a club-shaped 336 00:28:09,289 --> 00:28:15,329 appendage ooh and struggles desperately 337 00:28:11,750 --> 00:28:20,950 to attach itself to the branch 338 00:28:15,329 --> 00:28:20,949 [Music] 339 00:28:32,069 --> 00:28:37,178 having outlived his function the 340 00:28:34,720 --> 00:28:39,038 caterpillar is gone his pathetically 341 00:28:37,179 --> 00:28:42,130 shriveled remnant cast off like a 342 00:28:39,038 --> 00:28:47,200 worn-out coat it is the miraculous 343 00:28:42,130 --> 00:28:49,149 process of metamorphosis in hours the 344 00:28:47,200 --> 00:28:51,850 unsightly mummy has been wrapped in 345 00:28:49,148 --> 00:28:53,979 beauty a coffin adorned with jewels 346 00:28:51,849 --> 00:28:57,250 where he will slumber until the signal 347 00:28:53,980 --> 00:28:59,259 comes to awaken within the privacy of 348 00:28:57,250 --> 00:29:02,528 this chrysalis his transformation 349 00:28:59,259 --> 00:29:04,419 becomes complete new cells replacing the 350 00:29:02,528 --> 00:29:07,288 old to create an entirely fresh 351 00:29:04,419 --> 00:29:10,330 existence a creature with no awareness 352 00:29:07,288 --> 00:29:20,999 no memory of any existence pass 353 00:29:10,329 --> 00:29:20,999 [Music] 354 00:29:25,359 --> 00:29:32,069 [Music] 355 00:29:28,970 --> 00:29:35,370 where the thorn once stood now stands 356 00:29:32,069 --> 00:29:37,589 the Rose but like his predecessor the 357 00:29:35,369 --> 00:29:40,529 butterfly too has only one function in 358 00:29:37,589 --> 00:29:44,849 life whereas the caterpillar lived only 359 00:29:40,529 --> 00:29:47,700 to eat he lives only to mate lacking a 360 00:29:44,849 --> 00:29:50,490 mouth to chew it from flowers he draws 361 00:29:47,700 --> 00:29:52,680 liquid sustenance mixing with them to 362 00:29:50,490 --> 00:29:56,809 create the most beautiful visual harmony 363 00:29:52,680 --> 00:29:56,810 in all of nature's symphony 364 00:29:56,950 --> 00:30:19,200 [Music] 365 00:30:15,769 --> 00:30:21,660 [Applause] 366 00:30:19,200 --> 00:30:24,749 [Music] 367 00:30:21,660 --> 00:30:24,749 [Applause] 368 00:30:28,000 --> 00:30:36,308 [Music] 369 00:30:38,789 --> 00:30:53,379 [Music] 370 00:30:55,309 --> 00:30:59,399 [Applause] 371 00:30:56,349 --> 00:30:59,399 [Music] 372 00:31:04,680 --> 00:31:07,828 [Applause] 373 00:31:08,779 --> 00:31:21,139 [Music] 374 00:31:23,980 --> 00:31:29,569 this is the main computer Center at the 375 00:31:26,420 --> 00:31:31,880 California Institute of Technology here 376 00:31:29,569 --> 00:31:34,210 the most sophisticated machinery man has 377 00:31:31,880 --> 00:31:38,020 at his command is being used to study 378 00:31:34,210 --> 00:31:40,069 the primitive brain of the insect to 379 00:31:38,019 --> 00:31:44,470 document and probe the astounding 380 00:31:40,069 --> 00:31:47,329 efficiency such a simple mechanism 381 00:31:44,470 --> 00:31:48,950 compared with man we have to admit that 382 00:31:47,329 --> 00:31:52,519 the insect does not display what we 383 00:31:48,950 --> 00:31:55,069 could describe as intelligence but don't 384 00:31:52,519 --> 00:31:57,559 feel too proud about that because where 385 00:31:55,069 --> 00:32:01,339 there is no intelligence there is also 386 00:31:57,559 --> 00:32:04,429 no stupidity his brain is without 387 00:32:01,339 --> 00:32:07,409 evaluated power it has no capacity to 388 00:32:04,430 --> 00:32:10,350 reason more to hesitate before reacting 389 00:32:07,410 --> 00:32:12,659 ironically this works in his favor 390 00:32:10,349 --> 00:32:15,148 for without man's burden of injecting 391 00:32:12,659 --> 00:32:18,289 emotion into what he sees the insect 392 00:32:15,148 --> 00:32:21,599 reacts instantaneously without regret 393 00:32:18,288 --> 00:32:23,819 without regard for anybody's self rather 394 00:32:21,599 --> 00:32:25,918 like a primitive computer able to 395 00:32:23,819 --> 00:32:36,960 respond to information at the flick of a 396 00:32:25,919 --> 00:32:39,240 switch now I wouldn't dare compare of 397 00:32:36,960 --> 00:32:46,500 brainless insect to man's brilliant 398 00:32:39,240 --> 00:32:47,878 computer would I think about it computer 399 00:32:46,500 --> 00:32:51,240 is a mechanism programmed with a 400 00:32:47,878 --> 00:32:53,189 thousand tiny bits of information it 401 00:32:51,240 --> 00:32:58,370 operates by juggling that information 402 00:32:53,190 --> 00:33:01,048 into a form of logic I humbly submit 403 00:32:58,369 --> 00:33:03,229 it's not without analogy in the insect 404 00:33:01,048 --> 00:33:03,230 world 405 00:33:06,109 --> 00:33:10,009 the living prototype of the computer was 406 00:33:08,390 --> 00:33:14,440 designed by Nature herself 407 00:33:10,009 --> 00:33:14,440 long before man ever set foot on earth 408 00:33:15,799 --> 00:33:22,220 the termite mound one of the first 409 00:33:18,619 --> 00:33:25,009 experiments in social order deceptively 410 00:33:22,220 --> 00:33:27,880 tranquil facades masking the intricate 411 00:33:25,009 --> 00:33:27,879 workings within 412 00:33:31,490 --> 00:33:36,319 moving through the hidden circuits a 413 00:33:33,670 --> 00:33:38,570 thousand tiny particles of information 414 00:33:36,319 --> 00:33:41,700 organized themselves into a form of 415 00:33:38,569 --> 00:33:44,740 indisputable logic 416 00:33:41,700 --> 00:33:47,440 [Music] 417 00:33:44,740 --> 00:33:50,380 their source of power are their Queens 418 00:33:47,440 --> 00:33:52,490 great throbbing masses of energy 419 00:33:50,380 --> 00:33:55,730 motivating all with their insatiable 420 00:33:52,490 --> 00:33:59,029 need should a queen be allowed to die 421 00:33:55,730 --> 00:34:01,250 the rest will perish too for within her 422 00:33:59,029 --> 00:34:05,200 pulsating body lies the future of the 423 00:34:01,250 --> 00:34:07,759 mound she may live a half-century 424 00:34:05,200 --> 00:34:15,619 attended by endless generations of her 425 00:34:07,759 --> 00:34:18,878 offspring unable to feed herself or move 426 00:34:15,619 --> 00:34:24,519 she exists to manufacture one product 427 00:34:18,878 --> 00:34:24,519 the indispensable commodity of new life 428 00:34:33,219 --> 00:34:39,649 at the rate of 10,000 per day eggs exude 429 00:34:37,550 --> 00:34:43,070 with the regularity of assembly line 430 00:34:39,650 --> 00:34:44,329 production carefully sorted out counted 431 00:34:43,070 --> 00:34:46,640 and stored by the workers and 432 00:34:44,329 --> 00:34:50,230 subterranean nurseries where they will 433 00:34:46,639 --> 00:34:50,230 incubate until the time of their birth 434 00:34:54,340 --> 00:34:59,480 once born they too will make their 435 00:34:56,869 --> 00:35:00,949 demands requiring continual feeding 436 00:34:59,480 --> 00:35:03,650 until the time they can fend for 437 00:35:00,949 --> 00:35:06,049 themselves never able to leave the 438 00:35:03,650 --> 00:35:07,490 protective walls of their mound they 439 00:35:06,050 --> 00:35:09,210 come into a world that is completely 440 00:35:07,489 --> 00:35:17,359 self-sufficient 441 00:35:09,210 --> 00:35:20,990 [Music] 442 00:35:17,360 --> 00:35:23,300 in one section is a garden a working 443 00:35:20,989 --> 00:35:25,519 insect farm where tiny mushrooms are 444 00:35:23,300 --> 00:35:29,200 carefully cultivated to supply a 445 00:35:25,519 --> 00:35:29,199 never-ending source of food 446 00:35:33,289 --> 00:35:40,409 [Music] 447 00:35:37,880 --> 00:35:42,809 the entire society is guarded by 448 00:35:40,409 --> 00:35:45,989 soldiers and sentries equipped with 449 00:35:42,809 --> 00:35:46,650 outsized jaws who will warn a snap of 450 00:35:45,989 --> 00:35:51,079 their heads 451 00:35:46,650 --> 00:35:51,079 if the mound is ever invaded by enemies 452 00:35:57,349 --> 00:36:02,519 their greatest enemy is the Sun it's 453 00:36:00,389 --> 00:36:06,379 scorching rays drying their protective 454 00:36:02,519 --> 00:36:06,380 walls to the consistency of dust 455 00:36:08,150 --> 00:36:16,920 [Music] 456 00:36:18,650 --> 00:36:23,760 the mound ripped open they stand 457 00:36:21,090 --> 00:36:25,680 defenseless against attack moving with 458 00:36:23,760 --> 00:36:28,040 sudden frenzy the soldiers assess the 459 00:36:25,679 --> 00:36:28,039 damage 460 00:36:36,179 --> 00:36:41,089 [Music] 461 00:36:41,619 --> 00:36:47,000 with frightening efficiency the mound 462 00:36:44,090 --> 00:36:49,130 suddenly comes alive a troop of workers 463 00:36:47,000 --> 00:36:53,170 proceeding with incredible speed to heal 464 00:36:49,130 --> 00:36:53,170 their wounds arrived 465 00:36:56,829 --> 00:37:02,269 exuding paste from special glands they 466 00:36:59,869 --> 00:37:04,640 fight to rebuild their shield but in 467 00:37:02,269 --> 00:37:06,679 their work is desperation for the drying 468 00:37:04,639 --> 00:37:09,379 rays of the Sun begin to suck the light 469 00:37:06,679 --> 00:37:12,958 from them too 470 00:37:09,380 --> 00:37:12,959 [Applause] 471 00:37:19,380 --> 00:37:24,309 alerted to their helplessness by a scent 472 00:37:21,789 --> 00:37:27,420 in the air a battalion of black ants has 473 00:37:24,309 --> 00:37:27,420 marched in for the kill 474 00:37:27,880 --> 00:37:31,689 [Music] 475 00:37:32,460 --> 00:37:37,199 rising to the job they were born for the 476 00:37:35,250 --> 00:37:39,590 soldiers move unquestioningly into 477 00:37:37,199 --> 00:37:39,589 battle 478 00:37:41,300 --> 00:37:44,300 heedless of a battle that rages only 479 00:37:43,610 --> 00:37:46,880 inches away 480 00:37:44,300 --> 00:37:50,710 the workers toiled ceaselessly to seal 481 00:37:46,880 --> 00:37:50,710 off their world from the dangers outside 482 00:37:51,639 --> 00:37:56,809 deep within the catacombs sudden 483 00:37:54,530 --> 00:37:58,580 attention has turned to the Queens the 484 00:37:56,809 --> 00:38:00,739 workers risking suffocation in an 485 00:37:58,579 --> 00:38:04,190 attempt to roll their enormous bodies to 486 00:38:00,739 --> 00:38:06,589 a place of concealment once there they 487 00:38:04,190 --> 00:38:09,369 will be walled in covered by earth until 488 00:38:06,590 --> 00:38:09,370 the battle is over 489 00:38:12,579 --> 00:38:20,208 [Music] 490 00:38:22,719 --> 00:38:27,828 with suicidal dedication the soldiers 491 00:38:25,818 --> 00:38:29,808 continue to fight attaching themselves 492 00:38:27,829 --> 00:38:33,309 to their enemies so that even in death 493 00:38:29,809 --> 00:38:33,309 they will hold them back 494 00:38:35,699 --> 00:38:41,529 [Music] 495 00:38:38,369 --> 00:38:41,529 [Applause] 496 00:39:03,119 --> 00:39:08,049 when the walls are sealed the war is 497 00:39:05,650 --> 00:39:10,150 over but now the outnumbered termite 498 00:39:08,050 --> 00:39:23,380 soldiers bear the full fury of attack 499 00:39:10,150 --> 00:39:25,939 [Music] 500 00:39:23,380 --> 00:39:28,999 for what is left of them there will be 501 00:39:25,938 --> 00:39:31,338 no reentry to the mound they fought to 502 00:39:28,998 --> 00:39:32,409 have it sealed and they will die because 503 00:39:31,338 --> 00:39:35,298 they won 504 00:39:32,409 --> 00:39:38,058 obsolete components they are no longer 505 00:39:35,298 --> 00:39:40,188 useful to the whole condemned by their 506 00:39:38,059 --> 00:39:43,569 inflexible programming to the 507 00:39:40,188 --> 00:39:43,568 continuation of their kind 508 00:39:50,960 --> 00:40:04,188 [Music] 509 00:40:20,960 --> 00:40:24,199 [Applause] 510 00:40:32,019 --> 00:40:36,199 it's long when Hollywood's contention 511 00:40:34,550 --> 00:40:38,140 with the mayor threat of having an 512 00:40:36,199 --> 00:40:40,669 insect to crawl upon your face 513 00:40:38,139 --> 00:40:44,858 he's enough to make a grown man beg for 514 00:40:40,670 --> 00:40:44,858 mercy until every secret he ever knew 515 00:40:52,449 --> 00:41:06,419 [Music] 516 00:41:09,190 --> 00:41:19,349 [Music] 517 00:41:21,480 --> 00:41:26,650 psychiatrist tell me that from childhood 518 00:41:23,409 --> 00:41:28,809 nightmares to adult schizophrenia the 519 00:41:26,650 --> 00:41:32,769 insect is a common fixation in the human 520 00:41:28,809 --> 00:41:36,460 mind partly because his face seems so 521 00:41:32,769 --> 00:41:41,590 evil partly because he is so 522 00:41:36,460 --> 00:41:45,360 indestructible I did something a few 523 00:41:41,590 --> 00:41:49,660 weeks ago experimenting I called them 524 00:41:45,360 --> 00:41:52,030 sort of a hidden camera to demonstrate 525 00:41:49,659 --> 00:41:58,170 the extent of human fear in regard to 526 00:41:52,030 --> 00:41:58,170 insect it was very revealing 527 00:42:18,389 --> 00:42:22,539 what is 528 00:42:19,389 --> 00:42:22,539 [Music] 529 00:42:31,920 --> 00:42:34,940 it's awesome 530 00:42:39,969 --> 00:42:43,839 [Music] 531 00:42:56,619 --> 00:43:01,359 some of mankind's fears of insects 532 00:42:58,719 --> 00:43:04,809 spring from the imagination but most of 533 00:43:01,360 --> 00:43:06,670 frighteningly real each year more of the 534 00:43:04,809 --> 00:43:08,650 world's population is killed by insect 535 00:43:06,670 --> 00:43:12,099 borne diseases than by any other single 536 00:43:08,650 --> 00:43:14,889 cause more than Wars highway deaths old 537 00:43:12,099 --> 00:43:18,099 age and this is a fact that you can look 538 00:43:14,889 --> 00:43:20,739 up and verify diseases like bubonic 539 00:43:18,099 --> 00:43:23,880 plague malaria encephalitis yellow fever 540 00:43:20,739 --> 00:43:29,500 typhus Black Plague cholera 541 00:43:23,880 --> 00:43:31,000 you name it they carry it this 542 00:43:29,500 --> 00:43:32,619 demonstration would work as well with a 543 00:43:31,000 --> 00:43:35,889 live human being is with a laboratory 544 00:43:32,619 --> 00:43:38,349 animal in 30 seconds the mouse will be 545 00:43:35,889 --> 00:43:40,299 dead paralyzed by toxins which in 546 00:43:38,349 --> 00:43:43,529 certain stinging insects can be as 547 00:43:40,300 --> 00:43:43,530 lethal as a cobra bites 548 00:43:54,369 --> 00:43:58,599 today increasing numbers of people are 549 00:43:56,590 --> 00:43:59,050 born with a fatal allergy to wasps and 550 00:43:58,599 --> 00:44:02,289 bees 551 00:43:59,050 --> 00:44:03,970 it's called anaphylaxis reaction for 552 00:44:02,289 --> 00:44:05,500 them a sting in the leg will stop the 553 00:44:03,969 --> 00:44:09,879 heart as quickly as though it had been 554 00:44:05,500 --> 00:44:12,429 hit by a bullet and here here's the 555 00:44:09,880 --> 00:44:15,789 master executioner of them all the 556 00:44:12,429 --> 00:44:18,000 mosquito genus Anopheles number one 557 00:44:15,789 --> 00:44:20,529 killer of man on the planet Earth 558 00:44:18,000 --> 00:44:25,090 capable of carrying malaria and twelve 559 00:44:20,530 --> 00:44:31,720 different varieties ever wonder how 560 00:44:25,090 --> 00:44:37,780 David slew Goliath like the insect he 561 00:44:31,719 --> 00:44:40,359 wasn't afraid to die disease is only a 562 00:44:37,780 --> 00:44:43,390 part of it for the insect has an even 563 00:44:40,360 --> 00:44:45,450 deadlier method of crippling man it is 564 00:44:43,389 --> 00:44:48,339 to strike directly at his food source 565 00:44:45,449 --> 00:44:49,480 each day as man's population increases 566 00:44:48,340 --> 00:44:51,670 he finds himself in deepening 567 00:44:49,480 --> 00:44:56,230 competition with the insect to devour 568 00:44:51,670 --> 00:44:58,240 the earth's resources the insect has 569 00:44:56,230 --> 00:45:01,929 been called a walking digestive tract 570 00:44:58,239 --> 00:45:03,669 and not without reason to support his 571 00:45:01,929 --> 00:45:05,730 own life he will consume as much as a 572 00:45:03,670 --> 00:45:08,170 hundred times his own weight each day 573 00:45:05,730 --> 00:45:11,070 which to each of us would be like eating 574 00:45:08,170 --> 00:45:14,980 an entire cow a herd of 30 each month 575 00:45:11,070 --> 00:45:19,780 and as the insect population grows he 576 00:45:14,980 --> 00:45:21,400 naturally needs more - those who have 577 00:45:19,780 --> 00:45:24,550 witnessed the hideous display of 578 00:45:21,400 --> 00:45:26,769 appetite the outcome is clear if allowed 579 00:45:24,550 --> 00:45:31,380 to continue on his reproductive rampage 580 00:45:26,769 --> 00:45:31,380 the insect will defoliate the earth 581 00:46:14,929 --> 00:46:20,309 if the race for food is to be the 582 00:46:17,460 --> 00:46:22,860 deciding conflict let no one say it came 583 00:46:20,309 --> 00:46:25,769 without warning from the beginning of 584 00:46:22,860 --> 00:46:28,349 time man has stood helpless watching the 585 00:46:25,769 --> 00:46:38,759 very soil he nurtures give birth to his 586 00:46:28,349 --> 00:46:41,940 deadliest enemy a ghost of biblical 587 00:46:38,760 --> 00:46:43,650 terror he rises still summoning his 588 00:46:41,940 --> 00:46:48,360 sleeping troops to pillage and destroy 589 00:46:43,650 --> 00:46:50,700 everything that lies in their way in the 590 00:46:48,360 --> 00:46:52,650 innocent disguise of grasshoppers they 591 00:46:50,699 --> 00:46:56,509 will wait endless years until something 592 00:46:52,650 --> 00:46:56,510 in the air signals the time is right 593 00:46:59,690 --> 00:47:05,999 then massing together their bodies begin 594 00:47:02,728 --> 00:47:08,698 to change like Jekyll into Hyde great 595 00:47:05,998 --> 00:47:10,828 jaws and wings burgeoning outward as 596 00:47:08,699 --> 00:47:14,909 they begin their monstrous flight into 597 00:47:10,829 --> 00:47:17,449 hell too late they are recognized as the 598 00:47:14,909 --> 00:47:17,449 locusts 599 00:47:27,530 --> 00:47:33,890 [Music] 600 00:47:35,360 --> 00:47:38,849 [Applause] 601 00:47:37,039 --> 00:47:40,469 [Music] 602 00:47:38,849 --> 00:47:46,769 [Applause] 603 00:47:40,469 --> 00:47:46,769 [Music] 604 00:47:46,900 --> 00:47:50,418 [Applause] 605 00:47:53,010 --> 00:47:56,069 [Music] 606 00:47:59,070 --> 00:48:18,000 [Music] 607 00:48:14,869 --> 00:48:18,000 [Applause] 608 00:48:24,880 --> 00:48:28,489 [Applause] 609 00:48:30,929 --> 00:48:37,239 the plague is a single animal its body 610 00:48:34,539 --> 00:48:40,809 covering 400 miles its mouth consuming 611 00:48:37,239 --> 00:48:42,759 80,000 tons of food each day in a single 612 00:48:40,809 --> 00:48:47,130 week it will devour what could have fed 613 00:48:42,760 --> 00:48:47,130 1 million people for an entire year 614 00:48:50,099 --> 00:48:56,029 [Applause] 615 00:48:53,219 --> 00:48:59,188 [Music] 616 00:48:56,030 --> 00:48:59,189 [Applause] 617 00:49:00,510 --> 00:49:07,260 [Music] 618 00:49:03,690 --> 00:49:10,210 with advanced technology man fights back 619 00:49:07,260 --> 00:49:13,210 to most man's efficient poison will 620 00:49:10,210 --> 00:49:15,449 bring instant death but the few who 621 00:49:13,210 --> 00:49:18,099 survive will develop an immunity a 622 00:49:15,449 --> 00:49:21,759 tolerance to ingest the poison with no 623 00:49:18,099 --> 00:49:23,319 harmful effect returning to the Silence 624 00:49:21,760 --> 00:49:28,170 of the earth they will pass on this 625 00:49:23,320 --> 00:49:28,170 immunity to new generations of billions 626 00:49:31,800 --> 00:49:38,530 too late is man becoming aware of his 627 00:49:34,659 --> 00:49:40,839 mistake yeah first year we had him 628 00:49:38,530 --> 00:49:44,470 licked we sprayed DDT like everybody 629 00:49:40,840 --> 00:49:48,100 else a couple days days gone I think we 630 00:49:44,469 --> 00:49:50,529 didn't see one said oh boy thank God for 631 00:49:48,099 --> 00:49:53,170 that good old DDT you know what about 632 00:49:50,530 --> 00:49:56,860 last year well last year we sprayed 633 00:49:53,170 --> 00:49:58,990 ildren its regular DDT just didn't seem 634 00:49:56,860 --> 00:50:01,809 to do it I mean just didn't work and 635 00:49:58,989 --> 00:50:05,079 it's donan is maybe Oh hundred times 636 00:50:01,809 --> 00:50:08,409 more powerful and it killed them well 637 00:50:05,079 --> 00:50:10,269 some of them about half yeah we get 638 00:50:08,409 --> 00:50:14,889 maybe half a crop and what about this 639 00:50:10,269 --> 00:50:18,429 year this year this year we sprayed with 640 00:50:14,889 --> 00:50:20,259 DDT and Elden we sprayed and we sprayed 641 00:50:18,429 --> 00:50:21,730 and didn't do any good 642 00:50:20,260 --> 00:50:23,500 I mean they just kept coming it was 643 00:50:21,730 --> 00:50:26,199 almost like they liked it like like it 644 00:50:23,500 --> 00:50:27,789 tasted good we must have sprayed ten 645 00:50:26,199 --> 00:50:29,529 times more than normal but sure killed 646 00:50:27,789 --> 00:50:33,090 them yeah we killed him what about your 647 00:50:29,530 --> 00:50:36,010 crop well it's condemned it's poison 648 00:50:33,090 --> 00:50:40,260 where you licked them all right but we 649 00:50:36,010 --> 00:50:40,260 gotta burn it we gotta burn it all 650 00:50:41,750 --> 00:50:47,630 in fighting the insect we have killed 651 00:50:43,969 --> 00:50:50,539 ourselves polluted our water poisoned 652 00:50:47,630 --> 00:50:54,289 our wildlife permeated our own flesh 653 00:50:50,539 --> 00:50:58,820 with deadly toxins the insect becomes 654 00:50:54,289 --> 00:51:00,320 immune and we are poisoned in fighting 655 00:50:58,820 --> 00:51:03,190 with superior intellect 656 00:51:00,320 --> 00:51:12,689 we have outsmarted ourselves 657 00:51:03,190 --> 00:51:12,688 [Music] 658 00:51:22,570 --> 00:51:27,800 before marching into battle it's wise to 659 00:51:25,130 --> 00:51:34,490 assess not the weaknesses of one's enemy 660 00:51:27,800 --> 00:51:36,380 but the strengths of one's enemy not 661 00:51:34,489 --> 00:51:41,509 only is innate physical and mental 662 00:51:36,380 --> 00:51:44,059 capacity but is technology if technology 663 00:51:41,510 --> 00:51:47,080 seems a strange word to apply to insects 664 00:51:44,059 --> 00:51:50,809 you're in for a surprise 665 00:51:47,079 --> 00:51:54,079 let's start with communication in its 666 00:51:50,809 --> 00:51:59,029 most basic form one creatures ability to 667 00:51:54,079 --> 00:52:02,710 communicate with the next with the use 668 00:51:59,030 --> 00:52:04,880 of a highly sensitive microphone I found 669 00:52:02,710 --> 00:52:11,150 silence around me to be filled with 670 00:52:04,880 --> 00:52:13,010 sound not only sound but language dozens 671 00:52:11,150 --> 00:52:15,849 of languages as different from one 672 00:52:13,010 --> 00:52:23,890 another as Japanese is to English 673 00:52:15,849 --> 00:52:23,889 English is to Russian listen 674 00:52:45,599 --> 00:52:50,839 [Laughter] 675 00:53:21,289 --> 00:53:24,500 [Music] 676 00:53:41,650 --> 00:53:48,289 so the insect communicates by sound but 677 00:53:46,190 --> 00:53:50,179 only man can transmit invisible signals 678 00:53:48,289 --> 00:53:58,460 across great distances of open space 679 00:53:50,179 --> 00:54:00,049 right wrong look up into the sky it's 680 00:53:58,460 --> 00:54:03,500 filled with invisible messages you'll 681 00:54:00,050 --> 00:54:06,940 never be able to detect without machines 682 00:54:03,500 --> 00:54:09,710 or electricity or the label of genius 683 00:54:06,940 --> 00:54:11,720 the insects were using the airwaves for 684 00:54:09,710 --> 00:54:20,869 transmission long before man ever set 685 00:54:11,719 --> 00:54:23,539 foot on earth in the Silence of a summer 686 00:54:20,869 --> 00:54:25,450 night the female luna moth conducts a 687 00:54:23,539 --> 00:54:28,429 long-distance conversation 688 00:54:25,449 --> 00:54:30,639 it's receiver at the head its 689 00:54:28,429 --> 00:54:33,828 transmitter at the abdomen 690 00:54:30,639 --> 00:54:37,118 the message travels not by sound but by 691 00:54:33,829 --> 00:54:40,910 scent an invisible signal called 692 00:54:37,119 --> 00:54:44,869 pheromone penetrating the night air for 693 00:54:40,909 --> 00:54:47,289 twenty miles in every direction the 694 00:54:44,869 --> 00:54:50,450 message is one of need an identity an 695 00:54:47,289 --> 00:54:55,818 invitation to mate perceived only by a 696 00:54:50,449 --> 00:54:58,480 male of its kind having waited for 697 00:54:55,818 --> 00:55:00,920 direction his journey begins an 698 00:54:58,480 --> 00:55:04,969 all-night flight down a clearly marked 699 00:55:00,920 --> 00:55:08,150 path without this ability such rare 700 00:55:04,969 --> 00:55:10,309 species would perish males and females 701 00:55:08,150 --> 00:55:12,230 unable to find one another across the 702 00:55:10,309 --> 00:55:28,889 great distances between 703 00:55:12,230 --> 00:55:31,088 [Music] 704 00:55:28,889 --> 00:55:33,420 Anonymous in the night their 705 00:55:31,088 --> 00:55:35,889 once-in-a-lifetime courtship begins 706 00:55:33,420 --> 00:55:39,800 their missions now complete 707 00:55:35,889 --> 00:55:42,918 through this miracle of reunion 708 00:55:39,800 --> 00:55:42,919 [Music] 709 00:55:50,269 --> 00:55:52,219 [Music] 710 00:55:51,719 --> 00:55:53,869 [Applause] 711 00:55:52,219 --> 00:55:56,469 [Music] 712 00:55:53,869 --> 00:55:58,969 [Applause] 713 00:55:56,469 --> 00:56:02,299 the last time we even thought about 714 00:55:58,969 --> 00:56:06,019 dancing together I wound up drunk and 715 00:56:02,300 --> 00:56:12,619 disorderly no no you a child no no no 716 00:56:06,019 --> 00:56:15,980 I'm glad you had me fooled for a minute 717 00:56:12,619 --> 00:56:20,150 I thought you were just another American 718 00:56:15,980 --> 00:56:23,780 lady executive self-made independent 719 00:56:20,150 --> 00:56:25,700 ambitious mended oh the insect on all 720 00:56:23,780 --> 00:56:28,960 the lower forms are dedicated to species 721 00:56:25,699 --> 00:56:32,929 survival survival comes to reproduction 722 00:56:28,960 --> 00:56:36,949 reproduction through mating for men 723 00:56:32,929 --> 00:56:39,769 unless the setting is right the perfume 724 00:56:36,949 --> 00:56:42,469 is right the music is sweet and at least 725 00:56:39,769 --> 00:56:46,239 one partner feels loved by the other the 726 00:56:42,469 --> 00:56:46,239 reproductive Act might never occur 727 00:56:50,380 --> 00:56:53,479 [Music] 728 00:56:57,440 --> 00:57:01,570 as biological mechanisms you can see 729 00:56:59,900 --> 00:57:03,740 that this is not terribly efficient 730 00:57:01,570 --> 00:57:05,450 males and females of all other 731 00:57:03,739 --> 00:57:07,069 life-forms are drawn together in the 732 00:57:05,449 --> 00:57:09,789 direct and singular interest of 733 00:57:07,070 --> 00:57:09,789 reproduction 734 00:57:11,880 --> 00:57:21,869 [Music] 735 00:57:19,010 --> 00:57:25,350 we earlier demonstrated that the insect 736 00:57:21,869 --> 00:57:28,409 has only assemblance of heart but it now 737 00:57:25,349 --> 00:57:30,750 be known me has no soul free from the 738 00:57:28,409 --> 00:57:33,179 concept of romance the act of 739 00:57:30,750 --> 00:57:36,719 procreation occurs as simply naturally 740 00:57:33,179 --> 00:57:39,029 and obliviously as eating neither does 741 00:57:36,719 --> 00:57:41,879 Beauty play a part for the only 742 00:57:39,030 --> 00:57:53,160 requisite between consenting adults is 743 00:57:41,880 --> 00:57:55,349 that they be of the same species between 744 00:57:53,159 --> 00:57:58,170 two jumping spiders close relatives of 745 00:57:55,349 --> 00:58:00,449 the insect a ritual of semaphore signals 746 00:57:58,170 --> 00:58:20,340 communicates identity and willingness to 747 00:58:00,449 --> 00:58:23,189 proceed in a macabre parody of the norm 748 00:58:20,340 --> 00:58:27,410 the male sexual organ is located in a 749 00:58:23,190 --> 00:58:27,409 modified four leg called the palp 750 00:58:42,730 --> 00:58:47,050 the incredible feat of engineering 751 00:58:45,039 --> 00:58:52,029 called web building is done for two 752 00:58:47,050 --> 00:58:52,970 purposes first to catch a meal second to 753 00:58:52,030 --> 00:59:09,750 catch a mate 754 00:58:52,969 --> 00:59:09,750 [Music] 755 00:59:11,019 --> 00:59:14,130 [Applause] 756 00:59:14,449 --> 00:59:19,139 among the family of spiders 757 00:59:16,920 --> 00:59:22,289 the female Black Widow is the greatest 758 00:59:19,139 --> 00:59:25,230 temptress of all throbbing with obese 759 00:59:22,289 --> 00:59:27,360 sexuality her rhythmic movement upon the 760 00:59:25,230 --> 00:59:29,990 strands excites a lover one-tenth or 761 00:59:27,360 --> 00:59:44,240 sighs too cautiously come forth 762 00:59:29,989 --> 00:59:46,679 [Music] 763 00:59:44,239 --> 00:59:48,839 seeming to know that his life might well 764 00:59:46,679 --> 00:59:51,359 end in the attempt he carefully 765 00:59:48,840 --> 01:00:13,460 considers before throwing caution to the 766 00:59:51,360 --> 01:00:16,650 wind never did a more gentle lover exist 767 01:00:13,460 --> 01:00:24,840 for one false move and the widow will 768 01:00:16,650 --> 01:00:27,329 live up to her name stroking her abdomen 769 01:00:24,840 --> 01:00:31,019 is a token gesture to foreplay he 770 01:00:27,329 --> 01:00:33,869 hurries on with his business too close 771 01:00:31,019 --> 01:00:37,530 for retreat he gives his fate to a more 772 01:00:33,869 --> 01:00:40,109 powerful urge with a sexual organ 773 01:00:37,530 --> 01:00:41,820 extending from his palp he unites in 774 01:00:40,110 --> 01:00:59,519 mindless ecstasy 775 01:00:41,820 --> 01:01:02,229 [Music] 776 01:00:59,518 --> 01:01:06,838 to the male black widow the most 777 01:01:02,228 --> 01:01:06,838 exciting part of sex is to escape 778 01:01:07,289 --> 01:01:14,210 [Music] 779 01:01:16,119 --> 01:01:21,829 puncturing his head she sucks his body 780 01:01:18,650 --> 01:01:30,860 dry another sacrifice to the 781 01:01:21,829 --> 01:01:32,659 continuation of the species ever notice 782 01:01:30,860 --> 01:01:34,400 how from a great height a society of 783 01:01:32,659 --> 01:01:40,039 human beings takes on the appearance of 784 01:01:34,400 --> 01:01:41,300 so many ants scurrying to and fro if you 785 01:01:40,039 --> 01:01:43,610 have it's a rather dull wooded 786 01:01:41,300 --> 01:01:47,330 observation because there's really no 787 01:01:43,610 --> 01:01:49,519 similarity whatsoever down there 788 01:01:47,329 --> 01:01:53,000 everyone has his own name his own 789 01:01:49,519 --> 01:01:54,889 identity his own path which more often 790 01:01:53,000 --> 01:01:57,070 than not seems to collide with everyone 791 01:01:54,889 --> 01:01:57,069 else 792 01:01:59,280 --> 01:02:07,109 it's quite unique to human beings this 793 01:02:03,260 --> 01:02:10,500 sense of individual purpose this need to 794 01:02:07,108 --> 01:02:13,650 compete with all the rest true as 795 01:02:10,500 --> 01:02:15,389 individuals it gives us strength but as 796 01:02:13,650 --> 01:02:17,740 a species that threatens our chances for 797 01:02:15,389 --> 01:02:22,059 survival 798 01:02:17,739 --> 01:02:25,118 think about it sometime if we seek a 799 01:02:22,059 --> 01:02:27,639 so-called perfect society then we must 800 01:02:25,119 --> 01:02:30,010 look to the community of bees for here 801 01:02:27,639 --> 01:02:32,769 there is no ego no competition no 802 01:02:30,010 --> 01:02:34,470 individual need each coming into this 803 01:02:32,769 --> 01:02:38,030 world with an instinctive understanding 804 01:02:34,469 --> 01:02:40,099 that he must support the rest 805 01:02:38,030 --> 01:02:43,130 the foundation of this society is the 806 01:02:40,099 --> 01:02:45,980 worker a sterile female borned the 807 01:02:43,130 --> 01:02:50,680 legacy of continual toil until after 808 01:02:45,980 --> 01:02:50,679 just three months she dies of exhaustion 809 01:02:51,010 --> 01:02:57,050 next there are the drones potent and 810 01:02:54,170 --> 01:02:59,240 beautiful males pampered by the workers 811 01:02:57,050 --> 01:03:03,140 for their singular function of mating 812 01:02:59,239 --> 01:03:05,359 with the queen so specialized is their 813 01:03:03,139 --> 01:03:07,489 function that they are unable to eat by 814 01:03:05,360 --> 01:03:11,200 themselves and must be fed 815 01:03:07,489 --> 01:03:11,199 mouth-to-mouth by the workers 816 01:03:14,869 --> 01:03:19,519 larger and more imposing than the rest 817 01:03:17,239 --> 01:03:21,919 it is the queen who gives the hive its 818 01:03:19,519 --> 01:03:24,710 energy and purpose she is the only 819 01:03:21,920 --> 01:03:27,950 reproductive female therefore the very 820 01:03:24,710 --> 01:03:30,650 lifeblood of the species tending her 821 01:03:27,949 --> 01:03:33,949 with selfless concern all seemed to know 822 01:03:30,650 --> 01:03:37,670 that only so long as she lives so lives 823 01:03:33,949 --> 01:03:40,039 the hive to demonstrate the extent of 824 01:03:37,670 --> 01:03:42,550 this concern I removed the Queen from 825 01:03:40,039 --> 01:03:49,719 her flock of loyal subjects 826 01:03:42,550 --> 01:03:51,970 [Music] 827 01:03:49,719 --> 01:03:54,239 immediately there is unanimous cry of 828 01:03:51,969 --> 01:03:55,809 outrage 829 01:03:54,239 --> 01:03:58,339 [Music] 830 01:03:55,809 --> 01:04:01,429 but as the news filters down through the 831 01:03:58,340 --> 01:04:03,890 ranks the workers begin to act selecting 832 01:04:01,429 --> 01:04:06,500 the larvae of ordinary workers they feed 833 01:04:03,889 --> 01:04:08,710 them with royal jelly a substance which 834 01:04:06,500 --> 01:04:11,809 will turn the commoners into queens as 835 01:04:08,710 --> 01:04:15,199 the larvae will now grow larger Royal 836 01:04:11,809 --> 01:04:16,969 chambers are compared a gigantic nursery 837 01:04:15,199 --> 01:04:18,579 to nurture the only hope for their 838 01:04:16,969 --> 01:04:22,629 questionable future 839 01:04:18,579 --> 01:04:22,630 [Music] 840 01:04:23,329 --> 01:04:29,039 in a matter of weeks the first two 841 01:04:25,769 --> 01:04:31,019 Queens are born though mere infants they 842 01:04:29,039 --> 01:04:34,110 will immediately be forced to fight for 843 01:04:31,019 --> 01:04:37,570 their right to inherit the throne 844 01:04:34,110 --> 01:04:37,570 [Music] 845 01:04:39,650 --> 01:04:44,278 clustering around them the workers act 846 01:04:42,088 --> 01:04:46,228 as seconds crowding them together so 847 01:04:44,278 --> 01:04:48,349 they will fight to the death but pulling 848 01:04:46,228 --> 01:04:51,149 them apart so that both will not die 849 01:04:48,349 --> 01:04:54,869 it is a purposefully designed test of 850 01:04:51,150 --> 01:04:58,700 strength only one Queen can reign and it 851 01:04:54,869 --> 01:04:58,700 must be certain she is the stronger 852 01:04:59,190 --> 01:05:13,519 [Music] 853 01:05:09,099 --> 01:05:14,380 suddenly the contest is over the queen 854 01:05:13,519 --> 01:05:18,159 is dead 855 01:05:14,380 --> 01:05:18,160 long live the Queen 856 01:05:18,920 --> 01:05:24,210 now the workers carry out a grim task 857 01:05:22,068 --> 01:05:26,849 ripping opened the remaining Royal 858 01:05:24,210 --> 01:05:29,400 chambers they lustily devour the larvae 859 01:05:26,849 --> 01:05:44,670 they have so carefully tended destroying 860 01:05:29,400 --> 01:05:47,190 forever pretenders to the throne but if 861 01:05:44,670 --> 01:05:50,068 the hive is to endure the Virgin Queen 862 01:05:47,190 --> 01:05:52,769 must mate pushed outward to the sky by 863 01:05:50,068 --> 01:05:53,900 the excited mob of drones she soars high 864 01:05:52,768 --> 01:05:56,368 above the rest 865 01:05:53,900 --> 01:06:03,720 enabling only the strongest among them 866 01:05:56,369 --> 01:06:06,510 to reach her side and mate the 867 01:06:03,719 --> 01:06:09,028 ceremony's ended the Queen too begins a 868 01:06:06,510 --> 01:06:11,849 life of servitude moving across the 869 01:06:09,028 --> 01:06:14,880 endless expanse of honeycomb she begins 870 01:06:11,849 --> 01:06:17,359 to deposit eggs from now until the day 871 01:06:14,880 --> 01:06:20,460 she dies this will be her life 872 01:06:17,358 --> 01:06:24,889 celebrated but enslaved an object of 873 01:06:20,460 --> 01:06:24,889 worship only so long as she serves 874 01:06:26,000 --> 01:06:31,579 in the perfect society there is neither 875 01:06:28,639 --> 01:06:33,618 emotion nor mercy precious space cannot 876 01:06:31,579 --> 01:06:35,019 be wasted on those who have outlived 877 01:06:33,619 --> 01:06:37,760 their usefulness 878 01:06:35,019 --> 01:06:40,550 having mated with the Queen the drones 879 01:06:37,760 --> 01:06:42,310 are now dispensable one by one they are 880 01:06:40,550 --> 01:06:47,410 hunted down by the army of workers 881 01:06:42,309 --> 01:06:47,409 captured and cruelly cast out to die 882 01:06:47,500 --> 01:06:57,829 [Music] 883 01:07:06,559 --> 01:07:10,500 [Music] 884 01:07:11,150 --> 01:07:16,300 unlike the society of man the bees are 885 01:07:14,389 --> 01:07:19,279 in harmony with their environment 886 01:07:16,300 --> 01:07:21,550 cooperating to serve it so it will serve 887 01:07:19,280 --> 01:07:21,550 them 888 01:07:21,860 --> 01:07:26,150 [Music] 889 01:07:23,929 --> 01:07:29,149 - the flowers that feed them these are 890 01:07:26,150 --> 01:07:31,278 messengers of procreation taking sweet 891 01:07:29,150 --> 01:07:33,460 nectar in exchange for carrying pollen 892 01:07:31,278 --> 01:07:35,659 on their legs from one plant to another 893 01:07:33,460 --> 01:07:40,750 acting is the link between male and 894 01:07:35,659 --> 01:07:40,750 female for a life-form that cannot touch 895 01:07:41,570 --> 01:07:49,849 [Music] 896 01:07:47,659 --> 01:07:53,989 when one bee finds a rich bounty of 897 01:07:49,849 --> 01:07:56,750 nectar she shares it with all in a dance 898 01:07:53,989 --> 01:07:59,239 of exacting language she informs them of 899 01:07:56,750 --> 01:08:01,909 its precise location the distance the 900 01:07:59,239 --> 01:08:05,750 direction even the particular variety of 901 01:08:01,909 --> 01:08:09,108 flower in this way when one dies no 902 01:08:05,750 --> 01:08:10,730 secret dies with her whatever each has 903 01:08:09,108 --> 01:08:13,119 learned will be contributed to the 904 01:08:10,730 --> 01:08:16,380 success of the whole 905 01:08:13,119 --> 01:08:16,380 [Music] 906 01:08:17,059 --> 01:08:29,279 in the co-operative society the fate of 907 01:08:20,548 --> 01:08:32,368 each is the destiny of all but nature is 908 01:08:29,279 --> 01:08:34,619 indifferent to utopia a predatory wasp 909 01:08:32,368 --> 01:08:38,179 called the bee wolf must raid the hive 910 01:08:34,618 --> 01:08:38,179 to sustain its own young 911 01:08:47,698 --> 01:08:52,149 like bizarre killing machines 912 01:08:50,319 --> 01:08:56,548 the wasps yanked the defenders from the 913 01:08:52,149 --> 01:08:56,548 hive and crushed them in their huge jaws 914 01:08:59,380 --> 01:09:10,759 [Music] 915 01:09:08,109 --> 01:09:13,069 for all their ingenuity the bees are 916 01:09:10,759 --> 01:09:15,600 helpless falling by the hundreds to the 917 01:09:13,069 --> 01:09:19,460 unreasoning brutality of nature's plan 918 01:09:15,600 --> 01:09:22,890 [Music] 919 01:09:19,460 --> 01:09:25,560 each worker bee can sting only once at 920 01:09:22,890 --> 01:09:26,840 the cost of her life and the wasps must 921 01:09:25,560 --> 01:09:55,430 be stung many times 922 01:09:26,840 --> 01:09:55,430 [Music] 923 01:09:57,470 --> 01:10:03,840 man will point to nature claiming war 924 01:10:00,479 --> 01:10:09,409 was meant to be but here they died with 925 01:10:03,840 --> 01:10:09,409 reason through selflessness not greed 926 01:10:15,760 --> 01:10:19,010 [Music] 927 01:10:19,889 --> 01:10:25,618 in the developing young the blueprint of 928 01:10:23,639 --> 01:10:28,289 a cooperative society is etched with 929 01:10:25,618 --> 01:10:30,269 permanence for here each generation 930 01:10:28,289 --> 01:10:33,630 comes into this world as a continuation 931 01:10:30,270 --> 01:10:45,900 of the last each individual a mere 932 01:10:33,630 --> 01:10:48,179 extension of the rest without the burden 933 01:10:45,899 --> 01:10:50,519 of intellect emotion or individual 934 01:10:48,179 --> 01:10:52,679 identity these creatures were given 935 01:10:50,520 --> 01:10:54,480 something we weren't the knowledge that 936 01:10:52,679 --> 01:10:58,550 they must work together to create the 937 01:10:54,479 --> 01:11:06,079 elusive utopia the perfect Society 938 01:10:58,550 --> 01:11:09,189 [Music] 939 01:11:06,079 --> 01:11:09,189 [Applause] 940 01:11:11,140 --> 01:11:15,829 [Music] 941 01:11:13,960 --> 01:11:19,010 perhaps I have been guilty of 942 01:11:15,829 --> 01:11:22,159 exaggeration after all what is this 943 01:11:19,010 --> 01:11:26,329 perfect society nothing more than a ball 944 01:11:22,159 --> 01:11:37,670 of paper-thin fluff Oh am I trying to 945 01:11:26,329 --> 01:11:40,850 kid the power of destruction we can play 946 01:11:37,670 --> 01:11:43,279 like gods who are they after all but a 947 01:11:40,850 --> 01:11:46,160 bunch of wretched unimportant hedonistic 948 01:11:43,279 --> 01:11:50,869 creatures without even a passport to 949 01:11:46,159 --> 01:11:55,449 heaven I am man a man is made in God's 950 01:11:50,869 --> 01:11:55,449 image and man can therefore destroy 951 01:11:56,079 --> 01:11:59,238 [Applause] 952 01:12:01,090 --> 01:12:06,770 is it possible that these creatures are 953 01:12:03,948 --> 01:12:08,599 us that in the eyes of the universe we 954 01:12:06,770 --> 01:12:14,510 too are mere insects that can be 955 01:12:08,600 --> 01:12:17,179 destroyed it will only come earthquake 956 01:12:14,510 --> 01:12:20,199 and flood will we humbly submit that all 957 01:12:17,179 --> 01:12:20,199 things are relative 958 01:12:46,000 --> 01:12:49,908 [Applause] 959 01:13:42,579 --> 01:13:47,559 that little demonstration was for a 960 01:13:44,350 --> 01:13:49,650 purpose if I were really God and this 961 01:13:47,560 --> 01:13:52,750 was man's world you just saw destroyed 962 01:13:49,649 --> 01:13:55,420 if just one man and one woman were left 963 01:13:52,750 --> 01:13:57,069 alive it would take maybe 2 million 964 01:13:55,420 --> 01:14:00,699 years to put it back together again the 965 01:13:57,069 --> 01:14:03,219 way it was before the Holocaust for 966 01:14:00,699 --> 01:14:05,229 these helpless creatures not the power 967 01:14:03,220 --> 01:14:11,579 to reason without the ability to imagine 968 01:14:05,229 --> 01:14:11,579 or dream it would only take two weeks 969 01:14:12,689 --> 01:14:18,849 confronted with this incredible 970 01:14:15,819 --> 01:14:23,829 resourcefulness this desperate desire to 971 01:14:18,850 --> 01:14:26,410 survive we must wonder why what is the 972 01:14:23,829 --> 01:14:28,479 value even for oneself to sustain an 973 01:14:26,409 --> 01:14:35,439 existence that must ultimately end in 974 01:14:28,479 --> 01:14:39,669 death the insect has the answer because 975 01:14:35,439 --> 01:14:41,829 he never posed the question of the 976 01:14:39,670 --> 01:14:45,699 billions of living things on earth only 977 01:14:41,829 --> 01:14:47,920 man Ponder's his existence his questions 978 01:14:45,699 --> 01:14:50,649 lead to torment for he is unable to 979 01:14:47,920 --> 01:14:55,449 accept as the insects to that life's 980 01:14:50,649 --> 01:14:57,189 only purpose his life itself just now 981 01:14:55,449 --> 01:15:00,609 these mayflies have taken their first 982 01:14:57,189 --> 01:15:03,939 breath of life emerged by the thousands 983 01:15:00,609 --> 01:15:07,569 on a single summer day on this very same 984 01:15:03,939 --> 01:15:11,879 day they will die fall lifeless to the 985 01:15:07,569 --> 01:15:11,880 earth just 18 hours after they are born 986 01:15:14,139 --> 01:15:18,980 having incubated for 12 months in the 987 01:15:16,789 --> 01:15:21,229 mud of the rivers floor the entire 988 01:15:18,979 --> 01:15:24,549 generation emerges at once to share 989 01:15:21,229 --> 01:15:24,549 their fleeting experience 990 01:15:26,329 --> 01:15:36,390 [Music] 991 01:15:33,590 --> 01:15:39,079 the night that falls is their only night 992 01:15:36,390 --> 01:15:42,150 the moon that shines their only moon 993 01:15:39,079 --> 01:15:45,180 they will neither eat sleep nor ponder 994 01:15:42,149 --> 01:15:48,299 as mere seconds tick away the entire sum 995 01:15:45,180 --> 01:15:50,610 of their earthly existence as they fly 996 01:15:48,300 --> 01:15:53,130 an anxious exploration their bodies will 997 01:15:50,609 --> 01:15:56,479 fleetingly touch fertilizing male with 998 01:15:53,130 --> 01:15:59,609 female and signaling the onset of death 999 01:15:56,479 --> 01:16:02,069 all that come to rest on the land will 1000 01:15:59,609 --> 01:16:03,929 have lived without purpose their eggs 1001 01:16:02,069 --> 01:16:06,139 will die on the dry surface of the 1002 01:16:03,930 --> 01:16:06,140 ground 1003 01:16:07,010 --> 01:16:11,369 [Music] 1004 01:16:08,788 --> 01:16:14,518 but those that fall upon the water will 1005 01:16:11,368 --> 01:16:17,429 serve to reproduce their kind for in the 1006 01:16:14,519 --> 01:16:23,250 very Agony's of death new life is pushed 1007 01:16:17,429 --> 01:16:26,788 forth eggs of a new generation that will 1008 01:16:23,250 --> 01:16:28,510 live only to mate only to die for the 1009 01:16:26,788 --> 01:16:41,389 process of living 1010 01:16:28,510 --> 01:16:44,510 [Music] 1011 01:16:41,390 --> 01:16:46,800 what is the life of a few hours duration 1012 01:16:44,510 --> 01:16:50,720 could each of their minutes have been 1013 01:16:46,800 --> 01:16:54,470 like hour years or are each of our years 1014 01:16:50,720 --> 01:16:54,470 more like their minutes 1015 01:16:55,060 --> 01:17:09,309 [Music] 1016 01:17:05,559 --> 01:17:11,920 how did we spend our few hours tormented 1017 01:17:09,309 --> 01:17:15,610 with questions of why we were born or 1018 01:17:11,920 --> 01:17:16,369 like they accepting the gift and gently 1019 01:17:15,609 --> 01:17:25,759 saying goodbye 1020 01:17:16,369 --> 01:17:25,760 [Music] 1021 01:17:38,770 --> 01:17:44,200 to its neighboring planets the earth is 1022 01:17:41,140 --> 01:17:48,210 unique or it alone was given the force 1023 01:17:44,199 --> 01:17:51,510 called life among the many forms of life 1024 01:17:48,210 --> 01:17:56,189 man proclaims himself the apogee and 1025 01:17:51,510 --> 01:17:56,190 believes he has an alliance with God 1026 01:18:07,159 --> 01:18:12,809 the species cold man does have any 1027 01:18:09,899 --> 01:18:18,420 relationship with God it's because he 1028 01:18:12,810 --> 01:18:20,990 alone is able to undo God's work I don't 1029 01:18:18,420 --> 01:18:23,609 say doesn't maliciously are on purpose 1030 01:18:20,989 --> 01:18:26,760 just that as other creatures were 1031 01:18:23,609 --> 01:18:27,960 endowed with the instinct to survive we 1032 01:18:26,760 --> 01:18:32,880 seem to have been endowed with the 1033 01:18:27,960 --> 01:18:35,819 instinct to destroy it is the need for 1034 01:18:32,880 --> 01:18:39,590 individual luxury that creates the 1035 01:18:35,819 --> 01:18:44,420 technology that destroys the planet 1036 01:18:39,590 --> 01:18:48,420 making it uninhabitable for all but one 1037 01:18:44,420 --> 01:18:51,060 the insect the industrial waste that 1038 01:18:48,420 --> 01:18:53,430 poisons our air the DDT that poisons our 1039 01:18:51,060 --> 01:18:55,980 food source the radiation that destroys 1040 01:18:53,430 --> 01:18:58,800 our very flesh our - the insect nothing 1041 01:18:55,979 --> 01:19:00,479 more than a gentle perfume and the 1042 01:18:58,800 --> 01:19:03,239 toxins that are killing us in our fellow 1043 01:19:00,479 --> 01:19:06,119 creatures the insects live reproduce 1044 01:19:03,239 --> 01:19:09,899 thrive and gain strength by virtue of 1045 01:19:06,119 --> 01:19:11,489 our growing weakness of something very 1046 01:19:09,899 --> 01:19:14,549 unusual for you to see which I've been 1047 01:19:11,489 --> 01:19:16,859 saving to the last it is to me a visual 1048 01:19:14,550 --> 01:19:18,630 summation of the force to be unleashed 1049 01:19:16,859 --> 01:19:21,329 if the balance tips any further in the 1050 01:19:18,630 --> 01:19:25,520 insects favour it is in a single 1051 01:19:21,329 --> 01:19:25,519 demonstration a portent of the future 1052 01:19:32,420 --> 01:19:37,139 [Music] 1053 01:19:38,760 --> 01:19:46,079 they are called siafu the driver and a 1054 01:19:42,779 --> 01:19:48,039 mindless unstoppable killing machine 1055 01:19:46,079 --> 01:19:52,779 dedicated to the destruction of 1056 01:19:48,039 --> 01:19:55,569 everything that stands in its way each 1057 01:19:52,779 --> 01:19:57,639 of them is completely blind driven 1058 01:19:55,569 --> 01:20:00,519 forward through the darkness by a single 1059 01:19:57,640 --> 01:20:02,880 demanding need within the need to kill 1060 01:20:00,520 --> 01:20:02,880 and plunder 1061 01:20:14,600 --> 01:20:19,560 marching the earth in a never-ending 1062 01:20:16,529 --> 01:20:22,369 search for prey their column extends for 1063 01:20:19,560 --> 01:20:25,289 more than a mile 20 million strong 1064 01:20:22,369 --> 01:20:26,159 guarded by soldiers every inch of the 1065 01:20:25,289 --> 01:20:44,510 way 1066 01:20:26,159 --> 01:20:44,510 [Music] 1067 01:20:45,529 --> 01:20:51,479 no obstacle and no weapon will quiet 1068 01:20:48,869 --> 01:20:53,689 their lust for they will sacrifice their 1069 01:20:51,479 --> 01:20:56,159 lives to continue on their way 1070 01:20:53,689 --> 01:20:59,059 bridging a river with their own bodies 1071 01:20:56,159 --> 01:21:02,130 those on the bottom will quickly drown 1072 01:20:59,060 --> 01:21:05,070 continually replaced by others until all 1073 01:21:02,130 --> 01:21:08,230 have moved across unconcerned with the 1074 01:21:05,069 --> 01:21:17,149 ones they left behind 1075 01:21:08,229 --> 01:21:19,469 [Music] 1076 01:21:17,149 --> 01:21:21,439 wherever they pause the land is 1077 01:21:19,470 --> 01:21:24,210 transformed into a functioning military 1078 01:21:21,439 --> 01:21:26,039 installation a series of defensible 1079 01:21:24,210 --> 01:21:28,140 trenches spanning outward from a main 1080 01:21:26,039 --> 01:21:37,019 bivouac which will serve as their base 1081 01:21:28,140 --> 01:21:39,360 of operations while living quarters are 1082 01:21:37,020 --> 01:21:42,210 constructed within the outside is 1083 01:21:39,359 --> 01:21:43,019 guarded by sentries soldiers stationed 1084 01:21:42,210 --> 01:21:45,480 on ready-alert 1085 01:21:43,020 --> 01:21:48,530 who continually test the air for any 1086 01:21:45,479 --> 01:21:48,529 sign of an enemy 1087 01:21:56,380 --> 01:22:00,800 [Music] 1088 01:21:57,789 --> 01:22:02,590 if the quarters are deemed suitable from 1089 01:22:00,800 --> 01:22:04,880 here they will launch their attack 1090 01:22:02,590 --> 01:22:07,579 pillaging an area of several miles 1091 01:22:04,880 --> 01:22:14,239 around and dragging back the spoils for 1092 01:22:07,579 --> 01:22:16,729 storage like others of their kind they 1093 01:22:14,238 --> 01:22:19,669 too have a queen but their mission does 1094 01:22:16,729 --> 01:22:21,649 her little honor her body scratched her 1095 01:22:19,670 --> 01:22:22,909 legs worn to stumps from being dragged 1096 01:22:21,649 --> 01:22:25,639 hundreds of miles 1097 01:22:22,909 --> 01:22:27,010 she is unceremoniously pushed into a 1098 01:22:25,640 --> 01:22:29,780 place of safety 1099 01:22:27,010 --> 01:22:33,500 those that maneuver her are born to this 1100 01:22:29,779 --> 01:22:36,279 one job in life called by scientists the 1101 01:22:33,500 --> 01:22:36,279 royal chariot 1102 01:22:41,698 --> 01:22:47,229 the barracks within are constructed of 1103 01:22:44,439 --> 01:22:48,939 bodies a series of living chains and 1104 01:22:47,229 --> 01:22:50,908 ladders on which food and newly 1105 01:22:48,939 --> 01:22:57,369 deposited eggs will be carried a 1106 01:22:50,908 --> 01:22:59,789 seething house of horrors while on the 1107 01:22:57,369 --> 01:23:03,869 outside soldiers will soon begin to fall 1108 01:22:59,789 --> 01:23:03,869 more are created within 1109 01:23:03,899 --> 01:23:07,000 [Music] 1110 01:23:08,838 --> 01:23:14,399 it is through pillaging that the young 1111 01:23:11,429 --> 01:23:21,269 will be fed and now the soldiers begin 1112 01:23:14,399 --> 01:23:24,269 their work pouring out of the fortress a 1113 01:23:21,269 --> 01:23:26,519 raid begins the ants fan out and form a 1114 01:23:24,269 --> 01:23:28,480 huge pincers to encircle and confuse 1115 01:23:26,519 --> 01:23:34,210 their prey 1116 01:23:28,479 --> 01:23:34,209 [Music] 1117 01:23:35,159 --> 01:23:40,590 when the rampage has begun it is sensed 1118 01:23:38,199 --> 01:23:40,590 by all 1119 01:23:41,260 --> 01:23:51,140 [Music] 1120 01:23:50,039 --> 01:23:54,278 [Applause] 1121 01:23:51,140 --> 01:23:54,279 [Music] 1122 01:23:54,729 --> 01:23:59,899 like running from a forest fire in there 1123 01:23:57,829 --> 01:24:01,720 very panicked to escape some will race 1124 01:23:59,899 --> 01:24:03,500 directly into the flame 1125 01:24:01,720 --> 01:24:07,050 [Music] 1126 01:24:03,500 --> 01:24:07,050 [Applause] 1127 01:24:11,579 --> 01:24:14,909 [Music] 1128 01:24:14,659 --> 01:24:19,289 [Applause] 1129 01:24:14,909 --> 01:24:19,289 [Music] 1130 01:24:19,380 --> 01:24:24,578 after sweeping the ground the blind 1131 01:24:22,090 --> 01:24:26,409 battalion surgeon to the trees in search 1132 01:24:24,578 --> 01:24:28,859 of those that are seeking shelter in the 1133 01:24:26,408 --> 01:24:28,859 branches 1134 01:24:30,010 --> 01:24:41,640 [Music] 1135 01:24:43,770 --> 01:25:03,910 [Music] 1136 01:25:06,619 --> 01:25:16,519 [Applause] 1137 01:25:08,899 --> 01:25:16,519 [Music] 1138 01:25:21,350 --> 01:25:30,220 [Music] 1139 01:25:34,220 --> 01:25:39,579 [Music] 1140 01:25:48,449 --> 01:25:51,559 [Music] 1141 01:25:57,350 --> 01:26:05,420 [Music] 1142 01:26:02,859 --> 01:26:08,359 to the victorious soldiers will come 1143 01:26:05,420 --> 01:26:10,039 only a small taste of the spoils the 1144 01:26:08,359 --> 01:26:12,198 bodies of their victims carried back 1145 01:26:10,039 --> 01:26:14,569 whole to be evenly divided among the 1146 01:26:12,198 --> 01:26:16,908 waiting millions the army whose 1147 01:26:14,569 --> 01:26:21,189 discipline has conquered even hunger is 1148 01:26:16,908 --> 01:26:21,189 the army that must be respected by all 1149 01:26:21,470 --> 01:26:46,609 [Music] 1150 01:27:04,460 --> 01:27:09,890 what mistake one wonders did the mighty 1151 01:27:06,590 --> 01:27:11,630 dinosaur make was he too so arrogant 1152 01:27:09,890 --> 01:27:14,900 that he defied powers greater than 1153 01:27:11,630 --> 01:27:18,109 himself or was he perhaps created as a 1154 01:27:14,899 --> 01:27:19,969 momentary amusement an idle joke to pass 1155 01:27:18,109 --> 01:27:23,960 the empty time of a hundred million 1156 01:27:19,970 --> 01:27:27,199 years from what is left of an existence 1157 01:27:23,960 --> 01:27:29,899 one will never know only that a species 1158 01:27:27,199 --> 01:27:32,829 has tried and failed proving in his 1159 01:27:29,899 --> 01:27:36,829 failure that he was not the chosen one 1160 01:27:32,829 --> 01:27:40,369 as for who the chosen one really is only 1161 01:27:36,829 --> 01:27:42,769 time will tell but if we claim to be 1162 01:27:40,369 --> 01:27:46,159 creatures of reason we know he stands 1163 01:27:42,770 --> 01:27:48,110 among us now waiting patiently beside 1164 01:27:46,159 --> 01:27:52,220 our deathbed like he has it so many 1165 01:27:48,109 --> 01:27:55,699 others in a logic that perhaps no man 1166 01:27:52,220 --> 01:27:58,470 will ever understand the true winner is 1167 01:27:55,699 --> 01:28:17,439 the last to finish the race 1168 01:27:58,470 --> 01:28:21,220 [Music] 1169 01:28:17,439 --> 01:28:21,219 [Applause] 1170 01:28:30,819 --> 01:28:56,068 [Music] 1171 01:28:59,130 --> 01:29:34,069 [Music] 1172 01:29:37,310 --> 01:29:54,680 [Music] 1173 01:29:59,250 --> 01:30:01,310 you 1174 01:30:02,279 --> 01:30:07,460 [Music] 83895

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