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These are the user uploaded subtitles that are being translated: 1 00:00:05,472 --> 00:00:09,509 [gentle music] 2 00:00:54,320 --> 00:00:59,392 ♪ All around me are familiar faces ♪ 3 00:00:59,426 --> 00:01:02,295 ♪ Worn out places 4 00:01:02,328 --> 00:01:06,166 ♪ Worn out faces 5 00:01:06,199 --> 00:01:11,404 ♪ Bright and early for their daily races ♪ 6 00:01:11,438 --> 00:01:17,744 ♪ Going nowhere, going nowhere 7 00:01:18,645 --> 00:01:23,349 ♪ Their tears are filling up their glasses ♪ 8 00:01:23,383 --> 00:01:30,256 ♪ No expression, no expression 9 00:01:30,290 --> 00:01:35,228 ♪ Hide my head I want to drown my sorrow ♪ 10 00:01:35,261 --> 00:01:42,168 ♪ No tomorrow, no tomorrow 11 00:01:42,202 --> 00:01:48,608 ♪ And I find it kind of funny I find it kind of sad ♪ 12 00:01:48,641 --> 00:01:54,614 ♪ The dreams in which I'm dying are the best I've ever had ♪ 13 00:01:54,647 --> 00:02:00,587 ♪ I find it hard to tell you I find it hard to take ♪ 14 00:02:00,620 --> 00:02:05,592 ♪ When people run in circles it's a very, very... ♪ 15 00:02:06,926 --> 00:02:10,797 ♪ Mad world 16 00:02:12,932 --> 00:02:16,736 ♪ Mad world 17 00:02:17,937 --> 00:02:23,443 ♪ Children waiting for the day they feel good ♪ 18 00:02:23,476 --> 00:02:26,446 ♪ Happy birthday 19 00:02:26,479 --> 00:02:29,916 ♪ Happy birthday 20 00:02:29,949 --> 00:02:35,421 ♪ Made to feel the way that every child should ♪ 21 00:02:35,455 --> 00:02:38,391 ♪ Sit and listen 22 00:02:38,424 --> 00:02:41,928 ♪ Sit and listen 23 00:02:41,961 --> 00:02:47,400 ♪ Went to school and I was very nervous ♪ 24 00:02:47,433 --> 00:02:50,436 ♪ No one knew me 25 00:02:50,470 --> 00:02:53,907 ♪ No one knew me 26 00:02:53,940 --> 00:02:59,445 ♪ Hello teacher tell me what's my lesson ♪ 27 00:02:59,479 --> 00:03:02,415 ♪ Look right through me 28 00:03:02,448 --> 00:03:05,985 ♪ Look right through me 29 00:03:06,019 --> 00:03:12,659 ♪ And I find it kind of funny and I find it kind of sad ♪ 30 00:03:12,692 --> 00:03:18,598 ♪ The dreams in which I'm dying are the best I've ever had ♪ 31 00:03:18,631 --> 00:03:21,834 ♪ I find it hard to tell you 32 00:03:21,868 --> 00:03:24,571 ♪ I find it hard to take 33 00:03:24,604 --> 00:03:30,543 ♪ When people run in circles it's a very, very... ♪ 34 00:03:30,577 --> 00:03:34,714 ♪ Mad world 35 00:03:36,749 --> 00:03:41,454 ♪ Mad world 36 00:03:42,922 --> 00:03:46,459 ♪ Mad world 37 00:03:48,928 --> 00:03:53,499 ♪ Mad world 38 00:03:53,533 --> 00:03:56,369 [muffled explosion] 39 00:03:56,402 --> 00:03:58,471 [wind blowing] 40 00:04:11,818 --> 00:04:14,287 [music fades] 41 00:04:27,900 --> 00:04:31,037 [increasing high-pitched ringing] 42 00:04:53,660 --> 00:04:56,396 [propeller increasingly rumbling] 43 00:05:29,996 --> 00:05:32,699 [helicopter whirring] 44 00:05:32,732 --> 00:05:35,802 [muffled helicopter rumbling] 45 00:05:44,644 --> 00:05:48,614 [ominous music] 46 00:06:22,982 --> 00:06:26,419 [increasing dramatic music] 47 00:06:30,990 --> 00:06:34,727 [dramatic upbeat music] 48 00:06:47,974 --> 00:06:52,478 What I call the World Game now is an exercise 49 00:06:52,512 --> 00:06:55,715 that I have been following through for a great many years. 50 00:06:55,748 --> 00:06:57,550 Can you hear me in the back alright? 51 00:07:01,621 --> 00:07:05,691 And it started with my being in the United States Navy. 52 00:07:05,725 --> 00:07:09,028 The time of World War One. At that time, 53 00:07:09,061 --> 00:07:13,699 the Navy's represented investment of all the science, 54 00:07:13,733 --> 00:07:15,868 all the chemistry, all the physics, all the mathematics 55 00:07:15,902 --> 00:07:18,171 known about our universe. 56 00:07:19,972 --> 00:07:21,974 And I was shocked that it was only going 57 00:07:22,008 --> 00:07:23,576 in this negative thing of killing. 58 00:07:23,609 --> 00:07:27,547 [dramatic orchestral music] 59 00:07:38,658 --> 00:07:40,860 [Buckminster] We have this extraordinary technology. 60 00:07:40,893 --> 00:07:43,095 Men would not doing anything with that kind of accuracy 61 00:07:43,129 --> 00:07:46,532 on the land in relation to try to make man a success. 62 00:07:46,566 --> 00:07:48,935 It became very quickly apparent that the fundamental 63 00:07:48,968 --> 00:07:51,070 raison d'etre in all of our state craft 64 00:07:51,103 --> 00:07:53,706 was based on Thomas Malthus. 65 00:07:54,740 --> 00:07:57,710 Now Thomas Malthus was the scientific servant 66 00:07:57,743 --> 00:08:00,246 of the masters of the earth of the time. 67 00:08:00,279 --> 00:08:04,083 He the first economist in the history of man to receive 68 00:08:04,116 --> 00:08:07,253 the total Vital Statistics from around the spherical earth 69 00:08:07,286 --> 00:08:10,623 and in 1800, he wrote his first book, 70 00:08:10,656 --> 00:08:13,259 which he said apparently man was reproducing himself 71 00:08:13,292 --> 00:08:15,828 much more rapidly than producing good to support himself. 72 00:08:15,862 --> 00:08:19,866 Therefore, very sad, but man is supposed to be a failure. 73 00:08:19,899 --> 00:08:23,569 [dramatic orchestral music] 74 00:08:34,747 --> 00:08:36,716 Shall we inform the whole world, 75 00:08:36,749 --> 00:08:38,251 the whole world of that time being 76 00:08:38,284 --> 00:08:41,754 more than 90% illiterate and unable to then even read 77 00:08:41,787 --> 00:08:44,090 any information if it was sent to them. 78 00:08:44,123 --> 00:08:46,092 Should we try to inform the whole world? There is nowhere 79 00:08:46,125 --> 00:08:48,094 nearly enough to go around. If we divide up evenly 80 00:08:48,127 --> 00:08:49,896 all die slowly together. 81 00:08:50,863 --> 00:08:53,866 And that, that, that, that didn't seem logical to them at all. 82 00:08:53,900 --> 00:08:56,702 They said, "What we can do is a following: 83 00:08:56,736 --> 00:09:00,239 all these people out here are ignorant of what we know about 84 00:09:00,273 --> 00:09:03,676 and because they're ignorant, they think they have some hope. 85 00:09:03,709 --> 00:09:06,312 And we know they don't have hope most of them. 86 00:09:06,345 --> 00:09:10,082 Why, why eliminate their hope? They're going to die poor characters, 87 00:09:10,116 --> 00:09:13,019 and might as well let them die in ignorance." 88 00:09:13,052 --> 00:09:15,288 Ignorance and hope. 89 00:09:15,321 --> 00:09:17,089 This is the kindest thing to do. 90 00:09:17,123 --> 00:09:18,658 And that's exactly what they did do. 91 00:09:18,691 --> 00:09:21,260 [dramatic music] 92 00:09:33,439 --> 00:09:35,374 [computer beeping] 93 00:09:36,776 --> 00:09:40,179 [gentle piano music] 94 00:10:08,441 --> 00:10:09,342 How's it going? 95 00:10:10,910 --> 00:10:14,213 Everything seems to be on pace. But, you know, 96 00:10:14,246 --> 00:10:17,049 there's only so much we can be sure of since its theoretical. 97 00:10:21,420 --> 00:10:25,224 -Think it's going to work? -I have no idea. 98 00:10:28,127 --> 00:10:30,096 -Hey, any word about John yet? -Glad you asked, 99 00:10:30,129 --> 00:10:33,699 actually, yes, John just made the evening news. 100 00:10:33,733 --> 00:10:34,700 [computer beeping] 101 00:10:34,734 --> 00:10:35,868 And it appears Simon 102 00:10:35,901 --> 00:10:37,436 wants to gloat about it. 103 00:10:37,470 --> 00:10:40,373 [headline hisses] 104 00:10:40,406 --> 00:10:42,141 [gentle cybernetic music] 105 00:10:49,815 --> 00:10:52,885 They call themselves Concordia, after the ancient Roman 106 00:10:52,918 --> 00:10:55,421 goddess of harmony. The pro-revolution hacktivist 107 00:10:55,454 --> 00:10:58,424 group world famous after a decade of subversion 108 00:10:58,457 --> 00:11:00,226 suffered a major blow this week. 109 00:11:00,259 --> 00:11:02,862 With the capture of leader John Taylor. 110 00:11:02,895 --> 00:11:05,097 Once a high-ranking military engineer, 111 00:11:05,131 --> 00:11:08,000 Taylor is being held in an undisclosed location 112 00:11:08,034 --> 00:11:10,136 by the UN's Global Security Agency. 113 00:11:10,169 --> 00:11:12,805 And with us to discuss is GSA director, 114 00:11:12,838 --> 00:11:14,273 General Simon Devoe. 115 00:11:14,306 --> 00:11:17,143 -Simon, thanks for being here. -My pleasure. 116 00:11:17,176 --> 00:11:19,045 So let's step back if you don't mind. 117 00:11:19,078 --> 00:11:20,746 Who are these people 118 00:11:20,780 --> 00:11:23,282 and how have they operated with such impunity 119 00:11:23,315 --> 00:11:25,251 after all these years? 120 00:11:25,284 --> 00:11:28,254 Concordia was formed by a group of cyber warfare 121 00:11:28,287 --> 00:11:30,856 experts that defected from their military positions 122 00:11:30,890 --> 00:11:32,358 around 2050. 123 00:11:32,391 --> 00:11:34,060 And in the process, a great deal 124 00:11:34,093 --> 00:11:35,528 of classified information 125 00:11:35,561 --> 00:11:37,897 and advanced technologies were stolen. 126 00:11:37,930 --> 00:11:39,198 What kind of technologies? 127 00:11:39,231 --> 00:11:40,766 Mostly communications, 128 00:11:40,800 --> 00:11:43,069 cloaking, encryption, surveillance. 129 00:11:43,102 --> 00:11:45,037 Hence why they remain so elusive. 130 00:11:45,071 --> 00:11:48,074 But the GSA's core concern is the theft of some highly 131 00:11:48,107 --> 00:11:50,076 experimental warfare technology. 132 00:11:50,109 --> 00:11:51,911 Advancements in biochemistry 133 00:11:51,944 --> 00:11:55,081 and molecular science that have dramatic potential 134 00:11:55,114 --> 00:11:57,416 -for large-scale harm. -Aside from all the hacks, 135 00:11:57,450 --> 00:12:00,086 leaks and other things that have made them so famous. 136 00:12:00,119 --> 00:12:02,955 [Simon] Yes, they certainly enjoy being disruptive. 137 00:12:02,988 --> 00:12:05,925 Disruptive indeed. Just last year they breached the accounts 138 00:12:05,958 --> 00:12:08,160 of the world's richest CEOs extracting almost 139 00:12:08,194 --> 00:12:09,962 two trillion dollars, moving that money 140 00:12:09,995 --> 00:12:13,065 into virtually traceless charity donations worldwide. 141 00:12:13,099 --> 00:12:15,534 Hmm! I tell you the warm fuzzy feeling I got 142 00:12:15,568 --> 00:12:17,369 from that one has yet to go away. 143 00:12:17,403 --> 00:12:18,938 Delicious. 144 00:12:18,971 --> 00:12:20,973 Before that were the notorious email leaks 145 00:12:21,006 --> 00:12:24,110 revealing major Wall Street firms had lobbied CIA, 146 00:12:24,143 --> 00:12:27,813 MI9 and Mossad to help gain monopoly control 147 00:12:27,847 --> 00:12:29,515 of rare earth metals in Asia. 148 00:12:29,548 --> 00:12:31,417 Yeah, too bad I didn't do a damn thing. 149 00:12:31,450 --> 00:12:33,586 Corporate terrorism just gets worse. 150 00:12:33,619 --> 00:12:36,055 Exposure media does very little these days. 151 00:12:36,088 --> 00:12:37,957 It just sets a tone. 152 00:12:37,990 --> 00:12:40,459 And in 2054 they jammed both Chinese 153 00:12:40,493 --> 00:12:44,063 and American defense systems during the Saudi Annex Crisis 154 00:12:44,096 --> 00:12:46,232 disabling thousands of warheads. 155 00:12:46,265 --> 00:12:48,534 A move Concordian sympathizers claim 156 00:12:48,567 --> 00:12:50,536 might have stopped World War III. 157 00:12:50,569 --> 00:12:52,204 And speaking of sympathizers, 158 00:12:52,238 --> 00:12:53,572 what do you make of the support? 159 00:12:53,606 --> 00:12:56,008 Legions of followers worldwide. 160 00:12:56,041 --> 00:12:58,611 Troubling, but I get it. 161 00:12:58,644 --> 00:13:00,546 Lots of problems out there. 162 00:13:00,579 --> 00:13:04,049 The food, water crisis. Refugee migration. 163 00:13:04,083 --> 00:13:08,287 Automation-driven unemployment, serious ecological decline. 164 00:13:08,320 --> 00:13:11,624 I get it and it's natural to be angry, 165 00:13:11,657 --> 00:13:15,628 but anger doesn't solve problems or justify unlawful acts. 166 00:13:15,661 --> 00:13:19,999 This Robin Hood savior appeal of Concordia 167 00:13:20,032 --> 00:13:22,635 -is just an immature fad. -A passing trend? 168 00:13:22,668 --> 00:13:27,106 I think so. As cinematic as the idea is of Concordia, 169 00:13:27,139 --> 00:13:29,575 the radical yet benevolent protagonist, 170 00:13:29,608 --> 00:13:31,544 fighting for their utopian revolution 171 00:13:31,577 --> 00:13:34,180 against the evil establishment, 172 00:13:34,213 --> 00:13:38,250 last I checked this is reality not a movie. 173 00:13:38,284 --> 00:13:40,152 [eerie music] 174 00:13:41,053 --> 00:13:42,188 Seems that way. 175 00:13:46,292 --> 00:13:49,628 So I encourage people to regain trust in our time-tested 176 00:13:49,662 --> 00:13:51,931 institutions and democratic process. 177 00:13:51,964 --> 00:13:54,133 Not tear it all down as Concordia 178 00:13:54,166 --> 00:13:55,301 would like to see. 179 00:13:55,334 --> 00:13:56,902 Now, in regards to John Taylor. 180 00:13:56,936 --> 00:13:58,537 I understand you once worked together. 181 00:13:58,571 --> 00:14:00,506 Starting in Special Forces, yes. 182 00:14:00,539 --> 00:14:03,008 I even considered him a good friend at one time. 183 00:14:03,042 --> 00:14:06,645 Have you had contact with him since his capture? 184 00:14:06,679 --> 00:14:07,913 Not yet. 185 00:14:08,948 --> 00:14:11,517 But I must say I am very much looking forward 186 00:14:11,550 --> 00:14:14,486 to speaking with my old associate. 187 00:14:14,520 --> 00:14:16,288 So are we, Simon. 188 00:14:16,322 --> 00:14:18,390 Well, I wish I could be a fly on the wall for that. 189 00:14:18,424 --> 00:14:20,626 Thanks for being here, Simon, always a pleasure. 190 00:14:20,659 --> 00:14:24,230 [dramatic news music] 191 00:14:25,497 --> 00:14:27,233 [director] So, can I get you anything before we get started? 192 00:14:27,266 --> 00:14:28,701 [Malikan] I think I'm good. 193 00:14:28,734 --> 00:14:31,537 [director] Alright, feel free to take a seat. 194 00:14:31,570 --> 00:14:33,472 How we doing on tech? 195 00:14:33,505 --> 00:14:35,274 -[tech] Almost there? -[director] All right. 196 00:14:35,307 --> 00:14:37,543 Well, let's, let's go ahead and roll for basic info 197 00:14:37,576 --> 00:14:40,412 and we'll, uh, we'll just, we'll tweak it as we go. 198 00:14:40,446 --> 00:14:42,681 -Sound. -[man] Speed. 199 00:14:42,715 --> 00:14:44,416 [tech] And rolling. 200 00:14:44,450 --> 00:14:46,585 [director] All right, so, please go ahead 201 00:14:46,619 --> 00:14:49,388 and introduce yourself and state your work. 202 00:14:49,421 --> 00:14:52,157 My name is Malikan Soyenka and I'm a professor of history 203 00:14:52,191 --> 00:14:53,726 at Columbia University. 204 00:14:53,759 --> 00:14:56,028 My specialty of interest surrounds what most historians 205 00:14:56,061 --> 00:14:58,330 call today the Great Transition. 206 00:14:58,364 --> 00:15:00,466 That period of time between the 21st 207 00:15:00,499 --> 00:15:03,202 and early 22nd century where global society 208 00:15:03,235 --> 00:15:06,171 underwent a rather spectacular social revolution. 209 00:15:06,205 --> 00:15:09,541 [chuckles] That's a good question. I guess time will tell. 210 00:15:09,575 --> 00:15:11,644 [director] All right. Let's, let's inch into this. 211 00:15:11,677 --> 00:15:15,447 Please state your name, vocation and how you found 212 00:15:15,481 --> 00:15:17,349 interest in economics. 213 00:15:17,383 --> 00:15:19,318 I'm Cynthia Floris and I received 214 00:15:19,351 --> 00:15:23,055 an interdisciplinary degree in systems ecology and economics 215 00:15:23,088 --> 00:15:25,758 from the University of Cape Town, where I also now teach. 216 00:15:25,791 --> 00:15:27,993 I guess I would start by saying 217 00:15:28,027 --> 00:15:31,130 that I can't think of anything more relevant to the character 218 00:15:31,163 --> 00:15:33,699 of society than its economic foundation. 219 00:15:33,732 --> 00:15:35,768 Hello, I'm Aleniya Demir 220 00:15:35,801 --> 00:15:38,504 and I teach epidemiology at the University of Istanbul. 221 00:15:38,537 --> 00:15:41,507 Epidemiology is the study of public well-being 222 00:15:41,540 --> 00:15:45,110 or what one could call population level phenomena, 223 00:15:45,144 --> 00:15:47,112 specifically the distribution of physical 224 00:15:47,146 --> 00:15:48,647 and mental health across society. 225 00:15:48,681 --> 00:15:51,583 With respect your documentary I would say 226 00:15:51,617 --> 00:15:54,053 the period before the Great Transition 227 00:15:54,086 --> 00:15:56,055 likely marked the most unhealthy 228 00:15:56,088 --> 00:15:58,157 and unstable period in human history. 229 00:15:58,190 --> 00:16:01,660 -So am I looking at you or the camera? -[director] At me. 230 00:16:01,694 --> 00:16:03,696 -Got it. -[director] Whenever you're ready. 231 00:16:05,064 --> 00:16:09,301 I'm Vivian Marcella and I'm a socio-cultural biologists. 232 00:16:09,335 --> 00:16:12,037 Which simply means I try to better understand 233 00:16:12,071 --> 00:16:14,239 the synergies that mold human behavior, 234 00:16:14,273 --> 00:16:16,108 and by extension culture. 235 00:16:16,141 --> 00:16:18,310 I joined the Center for Behavioral Studies 236 00:16:18,344 --> 00:16:22,247 in Oslo in 2115, and I continue to try 237 00:16:22,281 --> 00:16:25,617 to make sense of this lovable mess we call humanity. 238 00:16:25,651 --> 00:16:29,488 [somber music] 239 00:16:34,793 --> 00:16:38,263 There's an exercise that I often do with my first-year students. 240 00:16:38,297 --> 00:16:40,733 I have them research mainstream economic publications 241 00:16:40,766 --> 00:16:43,435 from the 16th to the 21st century, 242 00:16:43,469 --> 00:16:46,739 trying to find any mention of basic sustainability principles. 243 00:16:46,772 --> 00:16:49,108 And each year the students come back stunned 244 00:16:49,141 --> 00:16:51,176 by how this period gave no priority 245 00:16:51,210 --> 00:16:53,645 to even the most obvious regenerative science. 246 00:16:53,679 --> 00:16:56,615 Let alone anything related to public health. 247 00:16:56,648 --> 00:16:58,851 Such things were considered external 248 00:16:58,884 --> 00:17:00,586 to this contrived, competitive game 249 00:17:00,619 --> 00:17:02,621 they called business. 250 00:17:02,654 --> 00:17:05,724 Here you had an entire global civilization 251 00:17:05,758 --> 00:17:08,861 powering itself through the mechanism of consuming. 252 00:17:08,894 --> 00:17:11,597 That's literally what drove their economy as absurd 253 00:17:11,630 --> 00:17:14,233 as that sounds. And the more people bought 254 00:17:14,266 --> 00:17:16,402 and consumed, the more demand for jobs. 255 00:17:16,435 --> 00:17:18,871 Hence more circulating purchasing power 256 00:17:18,904 --> 00:17:21,473 to again be spent on consuming. 257 00:17:21,507 --> 00:17:24,176 Endlessly and viciously repeating. 258 00:17:24,209 --> 00:17:26,412 That was the economic system back then. 259 00:17:26,445 --> 00:17:28,647 And to think any part of that would be workable 260 00:17:28,680 --> 00:17:33,185 in the long run, on a finite planet, is pure lunacy. 261 00:17:33,218 --> 00:17:35,187 To make matters worse, the system was rooted 262 00:17:35,220 --> 00:17:38,624 in strategic human exploitation, which structurally ensured 263 00:17:38,657 --> 00:17:41,493 large wealth and power differences between groups, 264 00:17:41,527 --> 00:17:45,431 and the long term cultural result was very poor social integrity. 265 00:17:45,464 --> 00:17:49,435 Racism, xenophobia, sexism and other forms of bigotry 266 00:17:49,468 --> 00:17:52,571 were an inevitable side effect of this kind of social system 267 00:17:52,604 --> 00:17:55,240 ultimately rooted in class stratification, 268 00:17:55,274 --> 00:17:58,577 otherwise known as socio-economic inequality. 269 00:17:58,610 --> 00:18:00,279 And when you put it all together, 270 00:18:00,312 --> 00:18:02,381 you realize a deep social pathology. 271 00:18:02,414 --> 00:18:05,651 A pathology that not only severely limited human potential, 272 00:18:05,684 --> 00:18:09,221 actually bringing out the worst of our biological and social nature, 273 00:18:09,254 --> 00:18:12,458 but one that was blindly pushing civilization toward oblivion, 274 00:18:12,491 --> 00:18:14,460 due to accelerating ecological decline 275 00:18:14,493 --> 00:18:16,662 and systemic human conflict. 276 00:18:17,663 --> 00:18:19,598 [Aleniya] By the time we reached the 21st century 277 00:18:19,631 --> 00:18:22,301 the consequences of all this weren't subtle. 278 00:18:22,334 --> 00:18:25,370 We're talking massive global inequity and poverty, 279 00:18:25,404 --> 00:18:28,607 relentless worldwide conflict, endless power abuses 280 00:18:28,640 --> 00:18:30,309 and systematic oppression, 281 00:18:30,342 --> 00:18:32,544 not to mention the near irreversible 282 00:18:32,578 --> 00:18:35,180 decline of all life support systems. 283 00:18:35,214 --> 00:18:37,516 And while it seems obvious to us today, 284 00:18:37,549 --> 00:18:39,852 you have to understand the kind of indoctrination 285 00:18:39,885 --> 00:18:41,386 that occurred back then. 286 00:18:41,420 --> 00:18:42,921 The culture was so conditioned 287 00:18:42,955 --> 00:18:44,623 by the dominant worldview, 288 00:18:44,656 --> 00:18:46,925 they just couldn't recognize the flaws inherent 289 00:18:46,959 --> 00:18:49,461 to the structure of their society. 290 00:18:50,362 --> 00:18:53,899 So by force of this, they engaged in very superficial activism 291 00:18:53,932 --> 00:18:56,969 centered around political institutions that really were 292 00:18:57,002 --> 00:18:58,937 just a parody of themselves. 293 00:19:00,272 --> 00:19:01,707 [Malikan] Attempts at social change 294 00:19:01,740 --> 00:19:03,542 were deeply fragmented in focus 295 00:19:03,575 --> 00:19:05,244 because people's understanding 296 00:19:05,277 --> 00:19:06,945 of cause and effect was so shallow. 297 00:19:06,979 --> 00:19:08,947 So the whole thing just became a spectacle. 298 00:19:08,981 --> 00:19:11,483 And endless blame game between groups. 299 00:19:11,517 --> 00:19:13,519 Their so-called democratic process 300 00:19:13,552 --> 00:19:16,622 centered not on actual policy, but around these political 301 00:19:16,655 --> 00:19:20,225 institutions that seemed to vaguely represent such policy. 302 00:19:20,259 --> 00:19:23,929 A true democracy as we now know allows for public consensus 303 00:19:23,962 --> 00:19:25,931 on actual issues not the appointment 304 00:19:25,964 --> 00:19:28,634 of representatives to make those decisions for them. 305 00:19:28,667 --> 00:19:30,736 That's not really democracy at all. 306 00:19:30,769 --> 00:19:33,906 That's simply a watered-down version of authoritarianism, 307 00:19:33,939 --> 00:19:35,674 voting for kings and queens. 308 00:19:36,608 --> 00:19:38,410 [Cynthia] And to add insult to injury, 309 00:19:38,443 --> 00:19:40,812 because society was rooted in this business system 310 00:19:40,846 --> 00:19:44,349 of property and trade everything was for sale. 311 00:19:44,383 --> 00:19:47,419 People loved to argue about moral lines and ethics, 312 00:19:47,452 --> 00:19:50,455 but the fact was politicians, and hence policy, 313 00:19:50,489 --> 00:19:53,458 was just another commodity to be bought and sold. 314 00:19:53,492 --> 00:19:56,862 So inevitably those who did end up with true social power 315 00:19:56,895 --> 00:19:58,797 were the ones with the most wealth. 316 00:19:58,830 --> 00:20:00,732 That wasn't a corruption, 317 00:20:00,766 --> 00:20:03,001 that was simply the nature of the system. 318 00:20:03,035 --> 00:20:06,505 And needless to say this business power subculture 319 00:20:06,538 --> 00:20:09,608 was certainly the least likely to want to change the very system 320 00:20:09,641 --> 00:20:12,277 that had so disproportionately rewarded them. 321 00:20:13,512 --> 00:20:16,548 And as science and technology increased efficiency 322 00:20:16,582 --> 00:20:19,851 creating higher material standards of living in general 323 00:20:19,885 --> 00:20:23,455 the lack of human rights progress and the anti-democratic 324 00:20:23,488 --> 00:20:27,059 nature of society became increasingly masked. 325 00:20:27,092 --> 00:20:29,928 People's dignity and integrity were bought off 326 00:20:29,962 --> 00:20:32,864 by gadgets and toys and addictions. 327 00:20:32,898 --> 00:20:35,434 Feeding a materialist fetish 328 00:20:35,467 --> 00:20:37,603 that so distracted the minds of many. 329 00:20:38,637 --> 00:20:40,672 [Vivian] And you know, I often ponder all this, 330 00:20:40,706 --> 00:20:42,074 trying to put myself in the shoes 331 00:20:42,107 --> 00:20:44,009 of the average person back then, 332 00:20:44,042 --> 00:20:47,012 especially in the more affluent and highly unequal regions, 333 00:20:47,045 --> 00:20:49,615 such as the United States of America, 334 00:20:49,648 --> 00:20:51,617 and it really makes me shudder. 335 00:20:51,650 --> 00:20:54,886 People stuck in traffic, piling into these office prisons 336 00:20:54,920 --> 00:20:58,724 to push paper around, engaging meaningless occupations 337 00:20:58,757 --> 00:21:01,660 that wasted far more energy and wealth than they created 338 00:21:01,693 --> 00:21:04,529 so they can continue buying these things they don't need, 339 00:21:04,563 --> 00:21:07,499 elevating their artificial status and so on. 340 00:21:07,532 --> 00:21:09,534 It's like a bad horror movie. 341 00:21:14,640 --> 00:21:17,609 [somber music] 342 00:21:22,948 --> 00:21:25,851 [high speed steps humming] 343 00:21:33,558 --> 00:21:35,627 [muffled phone ringing] 344 00:21:40,599 --> 00:21:42,801 [muffled phone ringing] 345 00:21:46,505 --> 00:21:48,540 [phone ringing] 346 00:22:05,157 --> 00:22:07,626 [white noise] 347 00:22:15,934 --> 00:22:17,069 [clock ticking] 348 00:22:17,102 --> 00:22:18,804 [phone continues ringing] 349 00:22:29,114 --> 00:22:31,717 [high speed steps continue humming] 350 00:22:43,762 --> 00:22:45,597 [music stops] 351 00:22:50,969 --> 00:22:53,905 [rain puttering] 352 00:22:59,945 --> 00:23:04,049 [ominous musical sting] 353 00:23:04,082 --> 00:23:06,952 [muffled footsteps] 354 00:23:16,928 --> 00:23:19,564 [chains rattling] 355 00:23:36,948 --> 00:23:38,550 [gun clicks and fires] 356 00:23:38,583 --> 00:23:39,851 [body thuds] 357 00:23:39,885 --> 00:23:43,021 [ominous music] 358 00:24:02,574 --> 00:24:03,975 [gun clicks and fires] 359 00:24:04,009 --> 00:24:05,210 [body thuds] 360 00:24:28,300 --> 00:24:29,801 -[gun fires] -[body thuds] 361 00:24:49,354 --> 00:24:50,722 [ominous music stops] 362 00:24:50,755 --> 00:24:52,891 [muffled robotic voice] 363 00:24:56,328 --> 00:24:58,763 [people chattering] 364 00:25:07,105 --> 00:25:09,708 [Malikan] If there's any historical through-line that reveals 365 00:25:09,741 --> 00:25:12,611 how important a system-based worldview is, 366 00:25:12,644 --> 00:25:15,947 both in understanding society and knowing how to change it, 367 00:25:15,981 --> 00:25:18,984 it's a long history of slavery and human exploitation. 368 00:25:19,017 --> 00:25:22,187 You can't have a society that's based upon hierarchical power 369 00:25:22,220 --> 00:25:24,689 and specialized labor, where people are seen 370 00:25:24,723 --> 00:25:26,825 as economic tools to be used 371 00:25:26,858 --> 00:25:29,194 strategically for another's differential gain, 372 00:25:29,227 --> 00:25:32,731 and ever expect high moral integrity. 373 00:25:32,764 --> 00:25:35,834 [Cynthia] Consider the function of cost efficiency. 374 00:25:35,867 --> 00:25:39,037 Cost efficiency is about trying to save money on production 375 00:25:39,070 --> 00:25:42,040 in order to maximize profit upon final sale. 376 00:25:42,073 --> 00:25:44,609 It's at the core of the basic gaming strategy 377 00:25:44,643 --> 00:25:46,778 that's required in market economics. 378 00:25:46,811 --> 00:25:50,382 And that simple incentive, the principle of seeking to reduce 379 00:25:50,415 --> 00:25:54,386 input costs to maximize output gains is at the root 380 00:25:54,419 --> 00:25:58,690 of thousands of years of human slavery in one form or another. 381 00:25:58,723 --> 00:26:01,860 Whether indentured servitude, bonded labor, 382 00:26:01,893 --> 00:26:05,130 chattel slavery in earlier times to human trafficking 383 00:26:05,163 --> 00:26:08,199 and debt driven wage slavery in more modern times. 384 00:26:09,134 --> 00:26:12,037 And the point to make here is that this kind of framework 385 00:26:12,070 --> 00:26:15,173 was so normalized by the turn of the 21st century, 386 00:26:15,206 --> 00:26:18,777 a period, by the way, that had more slaves in absolute numbers 387 00:26:18,810 --> 00:26:20,645 than any time in human history. 388 00:26:20,679 --> 00:26:23,315 The average person still didn't see the connection. 389 00:26:23,348 --> 00:26:27,118 They had been conditioned by these mythical free market ideas 390 00:26:27,152 --> 00:26:29,654 arguing that because people could now choose 391 00:26:29,688 --> 00:26:32,123 which area of the economy to submit their labor to, 392 00:26:32,157 --> 00:26:35,760 choose which company to be subordinated, or perhaps get the capital 393 00:26:35,794 --> 00:26:38,730 and start their own company and then choose who to exploit 394 00:26:38,763 --> 00:26:40,365 for their own personal advantage. 395 00:26:40,398 --> 00:26:43,001 Somehow coercion just no longer existed. 396 00:26:43,034 --> 00:26:44,803 That was the illusion. 397 00:26:44,836 --> 00:26:48,306 And any advanced technological society that evolves 398 00:26:48,340 --> 00:26:52,310 not to organize an effort to provide basic life support 399 00:26:52,344 --> 00:26:55,213 to its citizens allowing them to pursue their own interest 400 00:26:55,246 --> 00:26:58,817 on their own terms, instead structurally forcing 401 00:26:58,850 --> 00:27:02,420 everyone to fight with each other for basic survival, 402 00:27:02,454 --> 00:27:04,823 for not defendable reason mind you, 403 00:27:04,856 --> 00:27:07,225 is not a free society at all. 404 00:27:07,258 --> 00:27:09,694 It's a system of violence and oppression 405 00:27:09,728 --> 00:27:13,331 regardless of how materially wealthy that society may appear. 406 00:27:14,232 --> 00:27:17,402 [fading] Now, all that said, it's important to consider... 407 00:27:23,274 --> 00:27:26,911 [gentle piano music] 408 00:27:28,046 --> 00:27:30,248 [audience applauding] 409 00:27:55,874 --> 00:27:57,308 [knocking on door] 410 00:28:03,348 --> 00:28:04,716 [doorbell buzzing] 411 00:28:10,121 --> 00:28:12,023 [chains rattling] 412 00:28:50,428 --> 00:28:51,496 [handcuffs clicking] 413 00:29:07,979 --> 00:29:09,147 [glass thuds] 414 00:29:27,165 --> 00:29:29,434 You have meddled with the primal forces 415 00:29:29,467 --> 00:29:31,236 of nature, Mr. Beale. 416 00:29:34,205 --> 00:29:38,109 And you will atone. 417 00:29:41,579 --> 00:29:43,047 It's been a long time, Simon. 418 00:29:43,081 --> 00:29:44,582 So, the reason you're here with me 419 00:29:44,616 --> 00:29:47,418 and not in some vassal state being tortured 420 00:29:47,452 --> 00:29:50,321 is because the GSA needs your help. 421 00:29:50,355 --> 00:29:53,324 We're being overrun by a group of hackers and they appear to be 422 00:29:53,358 --> 00:29:56,261 advancing their abilities faster than we can counter. 423 00:29:56,294 --> 00:29:57,395 [John] Orion. 424 00:29:58,997 --> 00:30:00,999 That's right. Orion. 425 00:30:01,032 --> 00:30:02,867 We have been tracking them for years. 426 00:30:02,901 --> 00:30:04,169 Luddite anarchists. 427 00:30:04,202 --> 00:30:05,436 They want to return civilization 428 00:30:05,470 --> 00:30:07,338 to the Stone Age. 429 00:30:07,372 --> 00:30:09,607 We figure if they continue their rate of progress, 430 00:30:09,641 --> 00:30:12,443 we only have a few weeks before they breach. 431 00:30:12,477 --> 00:30:15,113 -Taking control of our systems. -That'd be bad. 432 00:30:15,146 --> 00:30:18,249 Hence our priorities. As aggravating as your little 433 00:30:18,283 --> 00:30:22,220 Concordia project has been, you were never this distasteful. 434 00:30:23,288 --> 00:30:26,191 You do realize that even if Orion is stopped, 435 00:30:26,224 --> 00:30:28,193 another insurgency, likely more malicious, 436 00:30:28,226 --> 00:30:29,894 is just around the corner, right? 437 00:30:31,429 --> 00:30:33,164 -Your point? -My point 438 00:30:33,198 --> 00:30:35,366 is one way to measure the integrity of a society 439 00:30:35,400 --> 00:30:37,435 is by how many outliers it creates. 440 00:30:37,468 --> 00:30:40,505 Violent criminals, inner-city gangs, serial killers, 441 00:30:40,538 --> 00:30:42,340 mass murderers, terrorists, 442 00:30:42,373 --> 00:30:45,944 to now this lovely hacker dystopia you've inspired. 443 00:30:45,977 --> 00:30:47,912 You have a systemic problem, Simon, 444 00:30:47,946 --> 00:30:49,414 and it's only going to grow. 445 00:30:50,615 --> 00:30:52,650 You're looking through the wrong lens, John. 446 00:30:52,684 --> 00:30:54,919 And unlike the past, the outliers now 447 00:30:54,953 --> 00:30:56,955 have exponentially advancing technology. 448 00:30:56,988 --> 00:31:00,325 Some disgruntled kid fashioning a Molotov cocktail years ago, 449 00:31:00,358 --> 00:31:03,494 can now create weapons of mass destruction, or in this case weapons 450 00:31:03,528 --> 00:31:05,597 of mass disturbance with little more effort. 451 00:31:06,664 --> 00:31:10,401 Again, you're looking through the wrong lens. 452 00:31:10,435 --> 00:31:13,071 No one ever said the natural course of humanity 453 00:31:13,104 --> 00:31:14,439 was going to be pretty. 454 00:31:14,472 --> 00:31:16,074 So it's natural for humanity to flirt 455 00:31:16,107 --> 00:31:19,077 with its own destruction? And increasingly so? 456 00:31:19,110 --> 00:31:20,912 Because that's where all this leads. 457 00:31:21,746 --> 00:31:25,450 Since the dawn of civilization, those with the most advanced 458 00:31:25,483 --> 00:31:28,253 tools are the ones who set the stage. 459 00:31:28,286 --> 00:31:31,623 From the rock, to the sword, to the gun, to the bomb, 460 00:31:31,656 --> 00:31:35,326 to AI, a sociological law of nature 461 00:31:35,360 --> 00:31:38,429 rooted in our evolutionary psychology. 462 00:31:38,463 --> 00:31:41,666 And if this race happens to lead to destruction, 463 00:31:41,699 --> 00:31:45,403 well, such is the natural course. 464 00:31:46,437 --> 00:31:49,540 Only human conceit assumes otherwise. 465 00:31:54,045 --> 00:31:56,214 I see you haven't lost that charming nihilism. 466 00:31:57,181 --> 00:31:58,616 -Drink? -No. 467 00:32:00,318 --> 00:32:04,088 And it's not nihilism, John, it's realism. 468 00:32:05,223 --> 00:32:08,226 Conflict is what makes the world go round. 469 00:32:09,460 --> 00:32:12,964 And whomever wins defines the course. 470 00:32:23,241 --> 00:32:24,676 -So what's the deal? -The deal is 471 00:32:24,709 --> 00:32:27,278 you help us tame the barbarians at the gate 472 00:32:27,312 --> 00:32:30,281 along with anything else we ask. 473 00:32:30,315 --> 00:32:32,116 In return, 474 00:32:32,150 --> 00:32:35,086 you'll be granted a decent life here. 475 00:32:35,119 --> 00:32:36,754 This ship might be a place of work, 476 00:32:36,788 --> 00:32:39,590 but it's also a self-contained city. 477 00:32:40,658 --> 00:32:45,063 We go back a long way, John, and despite our differences, 478 00:32:45,096 --> 00:32:47,732 I would hate to see that genius go to waste. 479 00:32:47,765 --> 00:32:48,766 And if I don't? 480 00:32:50,268 --> 00:32:52,603 You know the answer to that. 481 00:32:52,637 --> 00:32:55,740 Aside from this possible Orion catastrophe, 482 00:32:55,773 --> 00:32:58,509 which I doubt your humanist ego would allow, 483 00:32:59,677 --> 00:33:02,513 you'll be turned over to interrogation 484 00:33:02,547 --> 00:33:05,216 and it won't be cinematic. 485 00:33:06,317 --> 00:33:10,054 Either way, you're not leaving this ship. 486 00:33:12,557 --> 00:33:15,460 Okay, Simon, but I have one condition. 487 00:33:16,527 --> 00:33:19,063 I want you to put an end to program UX83. 488 00:33:20,531 --> 00:33:22,633 Otherwise known as the Malthusian Mandate. 489 00:33:28,339 --> 00:33:30,475 If you knew about the Mandate, 490 00:33:30,508 --> 00:33:32,510 why hasn't Concordia leaked it? 491 00:33:32,543 --> 00:33:34,512 Never had a complete picture. 492 00:33:34,545 --> 00:33:37,582 -And what do you think you're missing? -Good question. 493 00:33:37,615 --> 00:33:39,617 We find a cryptically mentioned in documents 494 00:33:39,650 --> 00:33:41,753 related to the GSA's control programs. 495 00:33:42,653 --> 00:33:44,555 It appears the Mandate was employed in the death 496 00:33:44,589 --> 00:33:47,358 of at least 20 million last year alone. 497 00:33:47,392 --> 00:33:49,660 How this is occurring and why is not clear. 498 00:33:50,795 --> 00:33:52,330 So why don't you enlighten me? 499 00:33:54,565 --> 00:33:57,168 [soft music] 500 00:34:50,555 --> 00:34:53,224 [eerie music] 501 00:35:07,538 --> 00:35:10,475 [eerie music increasing] 502 00:35:12,743 --> 00:35:14,579 [robotic hissing] 503 00:35:18,483 --> 00:35:20,718 [robotic echoed crunching] 504 00:35:29,527 --> 00:35:31,395 [ominous music] 505 00:35:52,283 --> 00:35:54,185 [light hissing] 506 00:35:59,524 --> 00:36:00,825 [light loudly hissing] 507 00:36:00,858 --> 00:36:03,227 [dramatic cybernetic music] 508 00:36:05,730 --> 00:36:07,365 [music abruptly stops] 509 00:36:08,799 --> 00:36:11,302 [birds chirping] 510 00:36:19,510 --> 00:36:22,780 [director] So you wrote a book called The Neolithic Maladaptation 511 00:36:22,813 --> 00:36:25,249 which focuses on the nature of culture 512 00:36:25,283 --> 00:36:27,952 before the Great Transition. 513 00:36:27,985 --> 00:36:31,656 Can you clarify what you meant by this title? 514 00:36:31,689 --> 00:36:35,760 Sure. So I think the defining question of civilization 515 00:36:35,793 --> 00:36:39,463 is what characteristics enable us to survive and prosper 516 00:36:39,497 --> 00:36:42,366 sustainably and peacefully over generational time. 517 00:36:43,434 --> 00:36:46,404 Thousands of years ago, upon the advent of agriculture, 518 00:36:46,437 --> 00:36:49,373 the Neolithic Revolution, we found ourselves 519 00:36:49,407 --> 00:36:52,310 in a new social arrangement, a new structure, 520 00:36:52,343 --> 00:36:55,513 one that would later prove to be highly incompatible. 521 00:36:55,546 --> 00:36:57,715 Not only incompatible with the habitat, 522 00:36:57,748 --> 00:36:59,750 inherently unsustainable since the economy 523 00:36:59,784 --> 00:37:02,286 literally required consumption and growth, 524 00:37:02,320 --> 00:37:05,556 but also incompatible with our very social nature. 525 00:37:05,590 --> 00:37:09,760 And, long story short, humans are simply not meant to exist 526 00:37:09,794 --> 00:37:12,330 in an economically stratified society 527 00:37:12,363 --> 00:37:15,566 if the expectation is high levels of public health 528 00:37:15,600 --> 00:37:17,401 and peaceful coexistence. 529 00:37:17,435 --> 00:37:19,570 It's always interesting to review the work 530 00:37:19,604 --> 00:37:22,640 of mainstream scientists at the turn of the 21st century 531 00:37:22,673 --> 00:37:24,976 as they desperately try to convince themselves 532 00:37:25,009 --> 00:37:26,911 that a competitive, exploitative, 533 00:37:26,944 --> 00:37:30,448 vainly status seeking mindset was an inalterable expression 534 00:37:30,481 --> 00:37:33,484 of human nature, when the fact is our genes, 535 00:37:33,517 --> 00:37:35,987 our biology and how the environment interacts 536 00:37:36,020 --> 00:37:40,524 with our evolved selves allows for a vast range of orientations 537 00:37:40,558 --> 00:37:44,629 with narrow self-interest, greed, merely part of that range. 538 00:37:44,662 --> 00:37:47,932 If we've proven to be anything, it's adaptable. 539 00:37:47,965 --> 00:37:49,900 There's certainly no blank slate. 540 00:37:49,934 --> 00:37:52,603 We're not infinitely malleable, 541 00:37:52,637 --> 00:37:55,039 but it has been grossly underestimated historically 542 00:37:55,072 --> 00:37:57,575 just how wide our range of adaptive 543 00:37:57,608 --> 00:38:00,678 potential really is. And what most determines 544 00:38:00,711 --> 00:38:04,115 which behavioral traits will define a society's culture 545 00:38:04,148 --> 00:38:06,083 is its social structure. 546 00:38:06,117 --> 00:38:10,121 Or more specifically, that structure's economic basis. 547 00:38:10,154 --> 00:38:13,057 The method by which we must survive. 548 00:38:13,090 --> 00:38:15,960 [Cynthia] If that structure rewards competition, dominance, 549 00:38:15,993 --> 00:38:18,429 and narrow self-interest, then the culture 550 00:38:18,462 --> 00:38:20,998 will predominantly express those values. 551 00:38:21,032 --> 00:38:25,369 If it rewards collaboration, empathy and pro-social concern, 552 00:38:25,403 --> 00:38:29,674 the resulting culture will predominantly express those values. 553 00:38:29,707 --> 00:38:31,609 For the majority of human history, 554 00:38:31,642 --> 00:38:33,811 before the advent of agriculture, 555 00:38:33,844 --> 00:38:35,646 We lived in non-hierarchical, 556 00:38:35,680 --> 00:38:37,782 non-competitive social arrangements. 557 00:38:37,815 --> 00:38:40,685 Why? Because the economic basis of survival 558 00:38:40,718 --> 00:38:42,620 actually incentivized 559 00:38:42,653 --> 00:38:45,356 sharing and collaboration, and not the opposite. 560 00:38:46,457 --> 00:38:49,560 So what I mean by maladaptation is while humanity 561 00:38:49,593 --> 00:38:52,029 did successfully adapt to the survival requisites 562 00:38:52,063 --> 00:38:53,864 born from the Neolithic Revolution, 563 00:38:53,898 --> 00:38:55,633 the resulting social structure, 564 00:38:55,666 --> 00:38:58,803 the system that became codified, proved maladapted. 565 00:38:58,836 --> 00:39:01,639 [Cynthia] The economic system was simply incompatible 566 00:39:01,672 --> 00:39:05,743 with what was required for humanity to be sustainable in the long-term. 567 00:39:05,776 --> 00:39:08,779 Failing our need to integrate properly with the ecosystem 568 00:39:08,813 --> 00:39:12,983 while limiting our ability to coexist peacefully with each other. 569 00:39:13,017 --> 00:39:15,653 [Vivian] And by the time of the Industrial Revolution 570 00:39:15,686 --> 00:39:18,022 in the 19th century, these flaws were rapidly 571 00:39:18,055 --> 00:39:19,857 coming to the surface. 572 00:39:19,890 --> 00:39:22,460 Conditions had changed and if it wasn't for our dramatic 573 00:39:22,493 --> 00:39:24,729 transformation to break out of that system, 574 00:39:24,762 --> 00:39:27,698 there is little question, society would have seen total 575 00:39:27,732 --> 00:39:31,001 ecologically collapse combined with catastrophic global war. 576 00:39:33,137 --> 00:39:35,639 [director] So it must be difficult to look back 577 00:39:35,673 --> 00:39:37,775 at that time given what we know now. 578 00:39:37,808 --> 00:39:40,478 It seems like things should have changed much sooner, right? 579 00:39:40,511 --> 00:39:43,547 Sure, but it reveals that as much as we'd like 580 00:39:43,581 --> 00:39:46,083 to believe we're rational, objective beings, 581 00:39:46,117 --> 00:39:49,954 we're actually bound by deep social vulnerability. 582 00:39:49,987 --> 00:39:53,524 We are social beings first and intellectual beings second. 583 00:39:54,225 --> 00:39:57,194 What you see back then is a kind of mass hypnosis 584 00:39:57,228 --> 00:39:59,063 that paralyzed society, 585 00:39:59,096 --> 00:40:01,565 keeping people short-sighted and fearful, 586 00:40:01,599 --> 00:40:04,034 prone to conform to the values and practices of those 587 00:40:04,068 --> 00:40:07,538 who happen to be winning in the contrived economic game. 588 00:40:07,571 --> 00:40:10,708 One glance at the media from back then gives it all away. 589 00:40:10,741 --> 00:40:13,244 Status posturing, people obsessed with appearing 590 00:40:13,277 --> 00:40:17,148 affluent, accomplished, loved, famous, beautiful. 591 00:40:17,181 --> 00:40:20,751 All a kind of pathological emulation of those of high 592 00:40:20,785 --> 00:40:25,122 socioeconomic status, billionaires, celebrities. 593 00:40:25,156 --> 00:40:27,658 As one notable philosopher stated long ago, 594 00:40:34,231 --> 00:40:36,967 So once again it all begs the question, 595 00:40:37,001 --> 00:40:40,037 what actually defines success in the human condition? 596 00:40:40,070 --> 00:40:43,207 What kind of culture is most optimized to sustain itself 597 00:40:43,240 --> 00:40:46,577 over time while, of course, being happy and stable? 598 00:40:46,610 --> 00:40:48,179 And while there's plenty to learn, 599 00:40:48,212 --> 00:40:50,614 we do know what doesn't define it: 600 00:40:50,648 --> 00:40:53,984 the excessive materialistic wealth and status driven neurosis 601 00:40:54,018 --> 00:40:57,221 so characteristic back then has literally zero 602 00:40:57,254 --> 00:40:59,690 positive relationship to long-term species 603 00:40:59,723 --> 00:41:02,927 sustainability and optimized public health. 604 00:41:02,960 --> 00:41:05,830 In short, the values were dead wrong. 605 00:41:05,863 --> 00:41:08,966 And not to sound mean, but if I were to resort to derisive 606 00:41:08,999 --> 00:41:11,735 status labeling, common to that period of time, 607 00:41:11,769 --> 00:41:14,705 there's no question that the greatest failures 608 00:41:14,738 --> 00:41:18,008 were the ones who own mansions, drove over priced cars, 609 00:41:18,042 --> 00:41:21,779 wore luxury jewelry, maintained extremely lucrative 610 00:41:21,812 --> 00:41:24,048 yet completely meaningless occupations 611 00:41:24,081 --> 00:41:26,217 while hoarding great wealth. 612 00:41:26,250 --> 00:41:27,985 What kind of sad, insecure creature 613 00:41:28,018 --> 00:41:29,887 needs to flaunt such excess 614 00:41:29,920 --> 00:41:33,624 clearly signaling opposition to other people's well-being? 615 00:41:33,657 --> 00:41:37,294 True success is reinforcing harmony, balance. 616 00:41:37,328 --> 00:41:40,030 The goal is not necessarily to become something, 617 00:41:40,064 --> 00:41:43,133 but to find out who and what you truly are. 618 00:41:43,167 --> 00:41:45,169 And how you fit inside the ecosystem 619 00:41:45,202 --> 00:41:47,271 of nature that gave birth to you. 620 00:41:47,304 --> 00:41:50,341 The most successful people, the true winners, 621 00:41:50,374 --> 00:41:54,979 are never the ones striving for celebrity and material excess, 622 00:41:55,012 --> 00:41:58,849 they are the humble minimalists valuing how they can contribute 623 00:41:58,883 --> 00:42:01,919 to the well-being and health of everything, 624 00:42:01,952 --> 00:42:04,889 realizing the world is one system, 625 00:42:04,922 --> 00:42:07,358 and the more they optimize that contribution, 626 00:42:07,391 --> 00:42:11,095 the more truly successful they actually become. 627 00:42:13,664 --> 00:42:15,966 [Cynthia] When I look back on all this, 628 00:42:16,000 --> 00:42:18,035 I think what I find most tragic 629 00:42:18,068 --> 00:42:20,938 is the spiritual loss of the individual. 630 00:42:20,971 --> 00:42:25,109 How people were fundamentally alienated from themselves 631 00:42:25,142 --> 00:42:29,146 their identities hijacked by competitive insecurity, 632 00:42:29,179 --> 00:42:32,182 trying to conform to some acceptable profile 633 00:42:32,216 --> 00:42:34,718 that would serve their advantage best, 634 00:42:34,752 --> 00:42:36,287 not who they actually are, 635 00:42:36,320 --> 00:42:38,923 but what the system requires them to become. 636 00:43:07,117 --> 00:43:09,753 [traffic humming] 637 00:43:19,763 --> 00:43:22,266 [muffled people chattering] 638 00:43:25,069 --> 00:43:27,871 [fast speed hissing] 639 00:43:34,244 --> 00:43:36,213 [muffled beeping] 640 00:43:36,246 --> 00:43:38,949 [robotic humming] 641 00:44:07,344 --> 00:44:10,481 [with robotic voice] The soul selects her own society. 642 00:44:10,514 --> 00:44:13,917 Then shuts the door to her divine majority. 643 00:44:13,951 --> 00:44:17,254 Present no more. Unmoved. 644 00:44:17,287 --> 00:44:21,025 She notes the chariots pausing at her low gate. 645 00:44:21,058 --> 00:44:24,328 Unmoved. An emperor be kneeling upon her mat. 646 00:44:24,361 --> 00:44:29,299 I've known her from an ample nation. Choose one. 647 00:44:29,333 --> 00:44:33,337 Then close the valves of her attention. Like stone. 648 00:44:33,370 --> 00:44:35,406 [high-pitched whirring] 649 00:44:41,078 --> 00:44:43,781 [traffic humming] 650 00:45:25,022 --> 00:45:26,857 [humming stops] 651 00:45:26,890 --> 00:45:29,226 [humming resumes] 652 00:45:29,259 --> 00:45:31,228 [humming stops] 653 00:45:31,261 --> 00:45:33,163 [dramatic musical sting] 654 00:46:16,540 --> 00:46:18,909 -[robotic clicking] -[humming resumes] 655 00:46:18,942 --> 00:46:21,178 [sirens wailing] 656 00:46:53,177 --> 00:46:54,545 [Simon] Let me ask you, John. 657 00:46:55,479 --> 00:46:57,181 What do you think the greatest form 658 00:46:57,214 --> 00:47:01,318 of social control is? Law? Debt? 659 00:47:01,351 --> 00:47:03,520 [scoffs] Religion. 660 00:47:03,554 --> 00:47:06,523 And this has what to do with the Malthusian Mandate? 661 00:47:06,557 --> 00:47:09,927 -Humor me. -I don't know. 662 00:47:09,960 --> 00:47:13,163 How about socialization? People policing each other. 663 00:47:13,197 --> 00:47:16,934 A properly tuned culture does regulate itself, yes. 664 00:47:16,967 --> 00:47:18,535 We've had the same training, Simon. 665 00:47:18,569 --> 00:47:20,637 I'm just as aware of what shapes psychology as you are. 666 00:47:20,671 --> 00:47:23,473 Yeah, see, I'm not so sure. 667 00:47:23,507 --> 00:47:25,375 I don't think we'd be in this situation 668 00:47:25,409 --> 00:47:27,311 -if that was really the case. -You mean because I actually 669 00:47:27,344 --> 00:47:28,445 believe the world can change? 670 00:47:33,083 --> 00:47:35,686 A child's born biologically programmed 671 00:47:35,719 --> 00:47:38,055 to adapt to its environment. 672 00:47:38,088 --> 00:47:40,357 It grows, inching through formative years, 673 00:47:40,390 --> 00:47:43,293 shaped by the traditions and beliefs of culture. 674 00:47:43,327 --> 00:47:46,063 Institutional education introduces structure 675 00:47:46,096 --> 00:47:50,133 creating comfort with authority, regimentation, status. 676 00:47:50,167 --> 00:47:53,537 -Nurturing social schema. -And a fundamental insecurity 677 00:47:53,570 --> 00:47:56,306 forged by a deeply unequal world, 678 00:47:56,340 --> 00:47:58,175 a world of sanctioned indifference, 679 00:47:58,208 --> 00:47:59,476 where compassion is weakness 680 00:47:59,509 --> 00:48:01,545 and domination is virtuous. 681 00:48:01,578 --> 00:48:04,014 What survival requires. 682 00:48:04,748 --> 00:48:07,184 In the current arrangement, sure. 683 00:48:07,217 --> 00:48:09,953 And this early sense of insecurity has a unique effect. 684 00:48:09,987 --> 00:48:13,290 Once childish tendencies we humans are supposed to grow out of: 685 00:48:13,323 --> 00:48:16,960 attention-seeking, spoiled self-interest, manipulativeness, 686 00:48:16,994 --> 00:48:20,030 bullying, competition become ingrained. 687 00:48:20,063 --> 00:48:21,732 Maturity stunted. 688 00:48:21,765 --> 00:48:23,700 Setting the stage for yet another disciple 689 00:48:23,734 --> 00:48:26,136 in the cult of narcissistic individualism. 690 00:48:26,169 --> 00:48:28,639 [chuckles] Poetic. 691 00:48:29,773 --> 00:48:31,642 [John] By the time higher education is reached, 692 00:48:31,675 --> 00:48:35,012 formalized academia, the stronghold of the status quo, 693 00:48:35,045 --> 00:48:36,980 what natural curiosity may remain 694 00:48:37,014 --> 00:48:39,583 is now further constrained by socialization. 695 00:48:39,616 --> 00:48:43,453 Myopic focus, detached from the pursuit of knowledge, 696 00:48:43,487 --> 00:48:46,590 existing only for the sake of commercial utility. 697 00:48:46,623 --> 00:48:50,661 -To define their product. -And ultimately their identity. 698 00:48:50,694 --> 00:48:53,130 Becoming little more than yet another agent of trade. 699 00:48:53,163 --> 00:48:56,366 A civilization reduced to the goal of endless striving. 700 00:48:56,400 --> 00:48:58,402 To sell something to someone else. 701 00:49:00,737 --> 00:49:03,607 The world is a business, Mr. Beale. 702 00:49:05,242 --> 00:49:06,343 [John] So the cog turns. 703 00:49:07,711 --> 00:49:10,580 While in those fleeting moments economic stress does subside, 704 00:49:10,614 --> 00:49:12,482 when the shackles do come off, 705 00:49:12,516 --> 00:49:14,651 existential turbulence blooms, 706 00:49:14,685 --> 00:49:17,154 as they desperately search for some kind of deeper meaning 707 00:49:17,187 --> 00:49:20,057 in the daily grind. And this emotional void, 708 00:49:20,090 --> 00:49:23,260 this state of loss, leads the pathological escapism. 709 00:49:23,293 --> 00:49:25,595 Distraction and self-medication become the hobby. 710 00:49:26,630 --> 00:49:28,765 [Simon] So they turn to their screens 711 00:49:28,799 --> 00:49:32,235 windows of projected normality equating freedom 712 00:49:32,269 --> 00:49:34,438 with the unattainable delusions 713 00:49:34,471 --> 00:49:36,473 of wealth, fame, honor. 714 00:49:36,506 --> 00:49:38,275 [John] While constantly being reminded that they are 715 00:49:38,308 --> 00:49:40,177 the authors of their own misery 716 00:49:40,210 --> 00:49:43,347 and success can only be a matter of winning versus losing. 717 00:49:43,380 --> 00:49:47,150 Since the vast majority will no doubt lose, they live vicariously. 718 00:49:47,184 --> 00:49:50,220 If their sports team wins the game, so do they. 719 00:49:50,253 --> 00:49:51,788 If their country goes to war, 720 00:49:51,822 --> 00:49:54,324 they wave their flags as if they were at war. 721 00:49:54,358 --> 00:49:56,493 While following their celebrity heroes, 722 00:49:56,526 --> 00:50:00,063 feeling as though somehow that success mirrors their own. 723 00:50:00,097 --> 00:50:02,666 [Simon] And when that doesn't work, they move inward, 724 00:50:02,699 --> 00:50:07,270 seeking self-help retreats, therapy, medication, illicit drugs. 725 00:50:07,304 --> 00:50:09,339 [John] Anything to avoid the identity crisis. 726 00:50:09,373 --> 00:50:11,575 [gentle music] 727 00:50:11,608 --> 00:50:14,578 That the society they mirror just might be deeply flawed. 728 00:50:15,779 --> 00:50:17,714 So the masses remain complacent, 729 00:50:17,748 --> 00:50:20,250 short-sighted, bigoted, 730 00:50:20,283 --> 00:50:22,285 primitive, delusional. 731 00:50:23,186 --> 00:50:24,087 Manageable. 732 00:50:28,225 --> 00:50:30,460 No conspiracy required. 733 00:50:31,495 --> 00:50:34,431 Viable systems regulate themselves. 734 00:50:34,464 --> 00:50:37,667 Viable? [scoffs] You see all this as sustainable. 735 00:50:38,602 --> 00:50:41,271 [Simon] No conspiracy required. 736 00:50:41,304 --> 00:50:44,408 -Viable systems regulate them-- -We just picked up the signal. 737 00:50:48,678 --> 00:50:52,783 Now there's one thing you missed in your monologue there. 738 00:50:54,818 --> 00:50:58,555 Aside from primal provocation, keeping people half-conscious, 739 00:50:58,588 --> 00:51:01,758 trapped in lower brain fight or flight mode. 740 00:51:01,792 --> 00:51:04,694 Aside from the cultural hegemony where people's values 741 00:51:04,728 --> 00:51:08,532 and envies mirror those of wealth and power, 742 00:51:08,565 --> 00:51:10,534 reinforcing social order. 743 00:51:11,668 --> 00:51:14,538 And aside from the climate of opinion 744 00:51:14,571 --> 00:51:17,707 fostered by the acclaimed intelligentsia 745 00:51:17,741 --> 00:51:21,344 deciding the limits by which truth must conform 746 00:51:21,378 --> 00:51:23,780 the most critical mechanism here 747 00:51:23,814 --> 00:51:26,516 is that of social inclusion. 748 00:51:26,550 --> 00:51:29,352 Nature wired us with a strong tendency 749 00:51:29,386 --> 00:51:32,622 to override rational thought in favor of group acceptance. 750 00:51:32,656 --> 00:51:35,292 Part of our evolutionary fitness. 751 00:51:35,325 --> 00:51:37,894 And when people violate consensus 752 00:51:37,928 --> 00:51:40,597 the nervous system seeks to correct the behavior 753 00:51:40,630 --> 00:51:43,233 with pain and fear, as there's little more 754 00:51:43,266 --> 00:51:47,237 psychologically damaging than social exclusion. 755 00:51:49,206 --> 00:51:51,875 To be ostracized. Ridicule, stigma, 756 00:51:51,908 --> 00:51:55,712 loss of reputation which could also mean loss of employment, 757 00:51:55,745 --> 00:51:58,281 income, lost and survival. 758 00:51:58,315 --> 00:52:01,184 Yet there's a long history of people who have moved against that tendency. 759 00:52:01,218 --> 00:52:03,553 A long history of very few people 760 00:52:03,587 --> 00:52:06,556 who inevitably turn into mere righteous symbols 761 00:52:06,590 --> 00:52:09,493 put on T-shirts rather than forces of revolution. 762 00:52:09,526 --> 00:52:12,496 So this Orion problem of yours isn't indicative of anything? 763 00:52:12,529 --> 00:52:15,732 Orion appears to be a fringe group of extremists 764 00:52:15,765 --> 00:52:18,301 with no public support. 765 00:52:18,335 --> 00:52:23,240 This is about normative culture, and my point, John, 766 00:52:24,241 --> 00:52:26,877 is that given our social nature, 767 00:52:26,910 --> 00:52:30,580 the stronger force here is not on the side of reason, 768 00:52:30,614 --> 00:52:34,551 it's on the side of inclusion and conformity, 769 00:52:34,584 --> 00:52:39,723 and that, my friend, is the greatest form of social control 770 00:52:39,756 --> 00:52:42,559 and why the masses will never break out 771 00:52:42,592 --> 00:52:45,395 of its self-perpetuated oppression. 772 00:52:46,997 --> 00:52:48,398 [elevator rings] 773 00:53:14,424 --> 00:53:16,693 [gentle jazz music] 774 00:53:59,703 --> 00:54:01,338 [slow motion buzz] 775 00:54:01,371 --> 00:54:03,940 [clock ticking] 776 00:54:12,115 --> 00:54:14,618 [robotic squeaking] 777 00:54:21,658 --> 00:54:24,761 [circus music] 778 00:54:29,866 --> 00:54:32,902 [upbeat music] 779 00:55:20,483 --> 00:55:22,819 [dramatic musical sting] 780 00:55:23,853 --> 00:55:25,889 ♪ Twenty-three I see come with me my dear ♪ 781 00:55:25,922 --> 00:55:28,458 ♪ It's time we re-examine this reality ♪ 782 00:55:58,855 --> 00:56:00,557 [music stops] 783 00:56:36,159 --> 00:56:37,794 ♪ Be ready 784 00:56:37,827 --> 00:56:41,931 ♪ Welcome to the Freakshow, baby ♪ 785 00:56:41,965 --> 00:56:45,101 ♪ This is what it is 786 00:57:12,195 --> 00:57:14,597 ♪ So you see, 23 787 00:57:42,826 --> 00:57:44,761 ♪ And the cast is currently stocked ♪ 788 00:57:44,794 --> 00:57:46,729 ♪ But we'll let you know if we need another floor ♪ 789 00:57:46,763 --> 00:57:48,131 ♪ To be mopped 790 00:57:55,738 --> 00:57:58,174 [director] So earlier something was said to the effect 791 00:57:58,208 --> 00:58:00,243 that humans are not designed to exist 792 00:58:00,276 --> 00:58:03,880 in an economically stratified society. 793 00:58:03,913 --> 00:58:05,748 So to speak, yes. 794 00:58:05,782 --> 00:58:08,985 A stratified society is far more unhealthy and unstable 795 00:58:09,018 --> 00:58:11,120 when compared to an egalitarian one. 796 00:58:11,154 --> 00:58:13,656 [director] That seems like a pretty bold conclusion. 797 00:58:13,690 --> 00:58:16,326 -Can you elaborate? -Sure. 798 00:58:16,359 --> 00:58:20,296 Consider our biology, specifically the human brain. 799 00:58:20,330 --> 00:58:23,099 We're profoundly wired for social response. 800 00:58:23,132 --> 00:58:25,869 For instance, the same brain centers that react 801 00:58:25,902 --> 00:58:28,872 to physical pain also react to emotional pain, 802 00:58:28,905 --> 00:58:32,675 such as feeling rejected, excluded or shamed. 803 00:58:32,709 --> 00:58:35,311 In early life, socially isolated infants, 804 00:58:35,345 --> 00:58:37,580 not receiving proper affection will fail 805 00:58:37,614 --> 00:58:39,816 to produce critical growth hormones, 806 00:58:39,849 --> 00:58:41,317 harming development. 807 00:58:41,351 --> 00:58:44,687 While in adulthood similar effects occur. 808 00:58:44,721 --> 00:58:47,991 For example, there were these dehumanizing institutions 809 00:58:48,024 --> 00:58:50,059 called prisons and they practiced 810 00:58:50,093 --> 00:58:53,596 solitary confinement, severe social isolation, 811 00:58:53,630 --> 00:58:56,266 and that practice literally caused brain damage. 812 00:58:57,233 --> 00:58:59,903 Now, what do these examples have in common? 813 00:58:59,936 --> 00:59:03,907 They are negative responses to social related stress. 814 00:59:03,940 --> 00:59:06,042 And when you review the past 200 years, 815 00:59:06,075 --> 00:59:08,678 of epidemiological study on the issue, 816 00:59:08,711 --> 00:59:11,748 you realize that an economically stratified society 817 00:59:11,781 --> 00:59:14,384 is one of the most toxically stressful conditions 818 00:59:14,417 --> 00:59:17,120 you could ever impose upon the human species. 819 00:59:18,021 --> 00:59:20,723 We've all learned about the horrors of abject poverty. 820 00:59:20,757 --> 00:59:22,358 A condition that affected a billion people 821 00:59:22,392 --> 00:59:24,360 at the turn of the 21st century, 822 00:59:24,394 --> 00:59:27,163 causing literally millions of deaths each year. 823 00:59:27,196 --> 00:59:30,233 But the negative effects of economic stratification 824 00:59:30,266 --> 00:59:32,235 aren't limited to the distinctly poor. 825 00:59:32,268 --> 00:59:34,704 Inequality harms just about everyone. 826 00:59:34,737 --> 00:59:38,107 A kind of social pollution and the lower one finds themselves 827 00:59:38,141 --> 00:59:42,045 on the stratified ladder, the worse their health becomes on average. 828 00:59:42,078 --> 00:59:43,947 [Cynthia] Consider a lower class mother 829 00:59:43,980 --> 00:59:47,417 working two jobs, in debt, can't afford a car, 830 00:59:47,450 --> 00:59:49,719 living paycheck to paycheck 831 00:59:49,752 --> 00:59:51,988 while trying to take care of her young child. 832 00:59:52,021 --> 00:59:54,824 They may not be homeless, starving or even poor 833 00:59:54,857 --> 00:59:56,259 by legal standards, 834 00:59:56,292 --> 00:59:57,827 but every day is still 835 00:59:57,860 --> 00:59:59,762 a battle to make ends meet. 836 00:59:59,796 --> 01:00:03,232 This is known as relative poverty or more formally 837 01:00:03,266 --> 01:00:06,035 low socioeconomic status. 838 01:00:06,069 --> 01:00:09,038 And a defining characteristic of this condition 839 01:00:09,072 --> 01:00:12,342 on average is high psychosocial stress, 840 01:00:12,375 --> 01:00:15,011 meaning stress related to social factors. 841 01:00:15,044 --> 01:00:18,748 This stress includes not only feelings of general insecurity, 842 01:00:18,781 --> 01:00:20,783 such as worrying about paying your bills, 843 01:00:20,817 --> 01:00:24,854 affording your child's next doctor visit or losing your job, 844 01:00:24,887 --> 01:00:27,890 but also the stress of social status itself. 845 01:00:27,924 --> 01:00:31,728 How one feels about themselves compared to others. 846 01:00:31,761 --> 01:00:34,397 And while that particular aspect may seem trivial, 847 01:00:34,430 --> 01:00:37,400 the fact is our brains have evolved to react 848 01:00:37,433 --> 01:00:39,869 in profoundly specific ways when it comes 849 01:00:39,902 --> 01:00:42,338 to how we think others see us. 850 01:00:42,372 --> 01:00:46,843 We have an acute sensitivity to our perceived social status. 851 01:00:46,876 --> 01:00:48,878 In other words, it's not just about the stress 852 01:00:48,911 --> 01:00:51,047 of endless worry and the technical difficulty 853 01:00:51,080 --> 01:00:53,216 of being poor that's toxic. 854 01:00:53,249 --> 01:00:56,953 It's equally if not more about the stress of feeling poor. 855 01:00:56,986 --> 01:01:00,256 For example, studies have shown if you take people with the same 856 01:01:00,289 --> 01:01:01,858 equal access to free health care, 857 01:01:01,891 --> 01:01:03,860 controlling for lifestyle factors, 858 01:01:03,893 --> 01:01:05,862 you will still see, as you inch down 859 01:01:05,895 --> 01:01:08,331 the ladder of income and wealth, people's health getting 860 01:01:08,364 --> 01:01:10,800 progressively worse on average. 861 01:01:10,833 --> 01:01:13,036 The lower they are in the class hierarchy 862 01:01:13,069 --> 01:01:15,204 the sicker they become. 863 01:01:15,238 --> 01:01:16,839 One mechanism for this 864 01:01:16,873 --> 01:01:18,875 is that high psychological stress 865 01:01:18,908 --> 01:01:21,244 leads to a state of chronic inflammation 866 01:01:21,277 --> 01:01:24,480 and what's called an allostatic overload. 867 01:01:24,514 --> 01:01:27,917 Allostasis means your body's trying to recover from something 868 01:01:27,950 --> 01:01:30,486 working to return to a more balanced state. 869 01:01:30,520 --> 01:01:32,455 But it can't. And this causes 870 01:01:32,488 --> 01:01:35,458 the body and the mind to wear down rapidly. 871 01:01:35,491 --> 01:01:39,262 Living in relative poverty in all its day-to-day insecurity 872 01:01:39,295 --> 01:01:41,431 and feelings of low self-worth, 873 01:01:41,464 --> 01:01:45,134 keeps people psychologically locked in a stressful state. 874 01:01:45,168 --> 01:01:48,104 Ravaging mental and physical health. 875 01:01:48,137 --> 01:01:51,274 [Vivian] Consider heart disease. low socioeconomic status 876 01:01:51,307 --> 01:01:54,444 creates a 50% greater chance of its development. 877 01:01:54,477 --> 01:01:57,447 and not just because people may have poor lifestyle habits, 878 01:01:57,480 --> 01:02:00,383 but due to psychosocial stress itself, 879 01:02:00,416 --> 01:02:03,486 which increases the hormone cortisol, damaging arteries 880 01:02:03,519 --> 01:02:06,155 fostering strokes and heart attacks. 881 01:02:06,189 --> 01:02:09,392 Low socioeconomic status is a heart disease risk factor 882 01:02:09,425 --> 01:02:12,962 on its own, similar for diabetes and cancer 883 01:02:12,995 --> 01:02:16,065 with far higher rates for those relatively poor. 884 01:02:16,099 --> 01:02:20,570 As one study put it, "Poverty itself is a carcinogen." 885 01:02:20,603 --> 01:02:23,206 And given that heart disease diabetes and cancer 886 01:02:23,239 --> 01:02:26,075 were some of the leading causes of death in that highly unequal 887 01:02:26,109 --> 01:02:28,544 global society of the early 21st century, 888 01:02:28,578 --> 01:02:31,547 these facts help explain why life span gaps 889 01:02:31,581 --> 01:02:34,383 between the rich and the poor were shockingly wide. 890 01:02:34,417 --> 01:02:38,187 Ranging from 15 to 40 years depending on region. 891 01:02:38,221 --> 01:02:39,956 And then you have mental health. 892 01:02:39,989 --> 01:02:43,326 Low socioeconomic status fuels much higher instances 893 01:02:43,359 --> 01:02:45,862 of depression, anxiety disorders, 894 01:02:45,895 --> 01:02:48,131 schizophrenia, suicide, 895 01:02:48,164 --> 01:02:51,400 not to mention violence, including child abuse. 896 01:02:51,434 --> 01:02:53,936 The condition of poverty was found to be the leading 897 01:02:53,970 --> 01:02:57,240 predictor of child abuse, which is particularly troubling 898 01:02:57,273 --> 01:03:00,276 since such abuse often leads to adult disorders 899 01:03:00,309 --> 01:03:03,212 such as addictions, antisocial behavior, 900 01:03:03,246 --> 01:03:07,049 immune system problems, cognitive impairment. 901 01:03:07,083 --> 01:03:09,385 In fact, it was found that children simply living 902 01:03:09,418 --> 01:03:12,488 in the condition of poverty correlated to large decreases 903 01:03:12,522 --> 01:03:15,224 in IQ, decreased brain development, 904 01:03:15,258 --> 01:03:17,860 and worst overall, health throughout the life cycle. 905 01:03:17,894 --> 01:03:19,562 Personally, I would argue that 906 01:03:19,595 --> 01:03:22,298 if child abuse is about negligence and harm, 907 01:03:22,331 --> 01:03:25,635 any society that tolerates the existence of poverty 908 01:03:25,668 --> 01:03:27,870 when it has the means to end it, 909 01:03:27,904 --> 01:03:30,873 is a society that is fundamentally abusive to children. 910 01:03:32,441 --> 01:03:37,313 Now, as far as behavioral violence in general, it's no surprise. 911 01:03:37,346 --> 01:03:40,283 The pre-transition period was saturated in it. 912 01:03:40,316 --> 01:03:44,086 The emotional pathogen behind most acts of violence is shame 913 01:03:44,120 --> 01:03:48,090 and inequality produces shame like a finely tuned machine. 914 01:03:48,124 --> 01:03:51,327 Shootings, gang violence, terrorism, 915 01:03:51,360 --> 01:03:55,198 domestic violence, all highly correlated to inequality, 916 01:03:55,231 --> 01:03:58,568 like a toxic cloud hovering over civilization. 917 01:03:58,601 --> 01:04:01,137 The more economically unequal a society, 918 01:04:01,170 --> 01:04:03,539 the more violent it tended to be on average. 919 01:04:03,573 --> 01:04:07,910 And that goes for most everything in terms of negative public health outcomes. 920 01:04:07,944 --> 01:04:11,447 With higher incidences of disease, crime, obesity, 921 01:04:11,480 --> 01:04:15,218 infant mortality, homicides, teen birth, mental illness, 922 01:04:15,251 --> 01:04:18,054 poor education, conflict, domestic abuse, 923 01:04:18,087 --> 01:04:20,957 illiteracy, suicide, premature mortality, 924 01:04:20,990 --> 01:04:24,293 overall mistrust and much more. 925 01:04:25,294 --> 01:04:29,599 There is no viable defense of its existence on any level 926 01:04:29,632 --> 01:04:31,367 and it's certainly not representative 927 01:04:31,400 --> 01:04:33,502 of a fixed human nature. 928 01:04:33,536 --> 01:04:37,607 Humans are basically allergic to socio-economic stratification. 929 01:04:38,541 --> 01:04:40,643 [ominous music] 930 01:05:01,330 --> 01:05:02,298 [lights buzzing] 931 01:05:12,275 --> 01:05:13,676 [lights buzzing] 932 01:05:33,329 --> 01:05:35,498 [muffled steps] 933 01:06:05,661 --> 01:06:08,097 [muffled chattering] 934 01:06:14,837 --> 01:06:16,605 [door creaking and thudding] 935 01:06:41,564 --> 01:06:44,266 [ominous music increasing] 936 01:06:50,139 --> 01:06:52,074 [dramatic musical sting] 937 01:06:52,108 --> 01:06:54,143 What are you doing? Come on! 938 01:06:54,176 --> 01:06:56,212 [siren wailing] 939 01:06:56,245 --> 01:06:58,147 [gunshots in distance] 940 01:07:11,360 --> 01:07:12,361 [lock rattling] 941 01:07:12,395 --> 01:07:13,562 [door creaking] 942 01:07:19,835 --> 01:07:22,304 [ominous music] 943 01:08:01,477 --> 01:08:03,879 [muffled white noise] 944 01:09:35,971 --> 01:09:37,540 [ominous hissing] 945 01:09:37,573 --> 01:09:39,275 [gun clicks] 946 01:09:42,478 --> 01:09:43,879 [beeping] 947 01:09:53,722 --> 01:09:56,425 So how's this supposed to happen exactly? 948 01:09:56,458 --> 01:09:57,927 I'm not sure. 949 01:09:57,960 --> 01:10:00,963 The satellite details we need are very specific. 950 01:10:00,996 --> 01:10:04,366 How John pulls this off is going to be interesting. 951 01:10:07,803 --> 01:10:10,005 Hey, where did you get the popcorn? 952 01:10:10,039 --> 01:10:11,874 Oh, I don't know. It was just here. 953 01:10:14,376 --> 01:10:15,544 Right. 954 01:10:17,313 --> 01:10:19,315 Are they still in debate mode? 955 01:10:19,348 --> 01:10:20,482 Listen for yourself. 956 01:10:23,986 --> 01:10:25,955 Hope you went to college. 957 01:10:25,988 --> 01:10:28,691 ...and why the masses will never break out 958 01:10:28,724 --> 01:10:31,860 of its self-perpetuated oppression. 959 01:10:33,662 --> 01:10:37,466 Historically observable. Biologically sound. 960 01:10:37,499 --> 01:10:39,602 And grossly exaggerated. 961 01:10:39,635 --> 01:10:43,005 While most may indeed be stuck in lower brain, limbic system reflexes, 962 01:10:43,038 --> 01:10:45,808 you underestimate the prefrontal cortex. 963 01:10:45,841 --> 01:10:48,477 Our ability to transcend primitive reactions. 964 01:10:48,510 --> 01:10:50,446 Whether you believe it or not, Simon, 965 01:10:50,479 --> 01:10:52,982 the activists of the world are slowly becoming more aware, 966 01:10:53,015 --> 01:10:56,418 -more focused. -Focused on what? 967 01:10:56,452 --> 01:10:57,853 The system? 968 01:10:57,886 --> 01:10:59,922 The origin of the social psychology that keeps 969 01:10:59,955 --> 01:11:01,624 those feedback loops of oppression going. 970 01:11:03,459 --> 01:11:06,528 Ah, so threat to the money God? 971 01:11:07,563 --> 01:11:09,365 If you want to be spooky about it, sure. 972 01:11:10,132 --> 01:11:13,369 The money God is eventually going to be overthrown. 973 01:11:13,402 --> 01:11:15,371 This age-old march toward increased the quality 974 01:11:15,404 --> 01:11:17,973 and human rights is now accelerating into new territory. 975 01:11:19,041 --> 01:11:21,510 And one way or another it's eventually going to arrive 976 01:11:21,543 --> 01:11:23,712 at the doorstep of the economy. 977 01:11:23,746 --> 01:11:25,481 And then what? 978 01:11:25,514 --> 01:11:28,817 You seem to be suffering from a kind of amnesia, John. 979 01:11:28,851 --> 01:11:30,886 That moment's long past. 980 01:11:30,919 --> 01:11:34,423 Immortalized by the failed Soviet experiment, 981 01:11:34,456 --> 01:11:36,925 a memory that's fostered an enduring boogeyman. 982 01:11:38,927 --> 01:11:43,365 Anyone today daring to suggest economic equality, 983 01:11:43,399 --> 01:11:45,668 which is what I assume you are getting at, 984 01:11:45,701 --> 01:11:48,804 as some final stage of human rights progress, 985 01:11:48,837 --> 01:11:52,474 will quickly be condemned as a freedom-hating socialist. 986 01:11:52,508 --> 01:11:56,512 Propaganda may be strong, but so are the mounting problems, 987 01:11:56,545 --> 01:11:58,947 problems that have no in system solution, 988 01:11:58,981 --> 01:12:02,384 -forcing people to think differently. -Such as? 989 01:12:02,418 --> 01:12:04,553 How about the collective insult that one percent of the world's 990 01:12:04,586 --> 01:12:07,122 population now owns 80% of the wealth? 991 01:12:07,156 --> 01:12:09,992 Or more importantly, that every life support system 992 01:12:10,025 --> 01:12:14,063 continues to be in decline with now millions dislocated. 993 01:12:14,096 --> 01:12:16,899 Famines, wars, growing poverty. 994 01:12:16,932 --> 01:12:20,703 People will eventually realize the economic mechanisms behind this. 995 01:12:20,736 --> 01:12:24,807 Further opening the gate. Same for technological unemployment. 996 01:12:24,840 --> 01:12:27,576 Half of all jobs have already been automated. 997 01:12:27,609 --> 01:12:30,679 And while nations have compensated by giving basic income, 998 01:12:30,713 --> 01:12:32,715 the system contradiction is still clear. 999 01:12:32,748 --> 01:12:35,517 What happens when people realize this welfare program is really 1000 01:12:35,551 --> 01:12:38,787 just an excuse to keep the labor system in place? 1001 01:12:38,821 --> 01:12:41,390 Hence keeping the ruling class in place. 1002 01:12:42,624 --> 01:12:44,660 You assume too much, John. 1003 01:12:44,693 --> 01:12:46,929 Three-quarters of the people on that planet, 1004 01:12:46,962 --> 01:12:50,199 believe in supernatural beings that live in the sky 1005 01:12:50,232 --> 01:12:52,201 affecting their lives. 1006 01:12:52,234 --> 01:12:54,570 You're projecting your rare intelligence 1007 01:12:54,603 --> 01:12:57,139 upon a sea of glorified savages. 1008 01:12:57,172 --> 01:13:00,175 And if you think the activist community has anything 1009 01:13:00,209 --> 01:13:04,580 in their toolkit to even approach system level change, 1010 01:13:04,613 --> 01:13:06,849 you're not paying attention to their ignorance. 1011 01:13:06,882 --> 01:13:08,851 You mean the spectacle? 1012 01:13:08,884 --> 01:13:10,953 People piling into free speech zones, 1013 01:13:10,986 --> 01:13:13,188 holding up signs, yelling at buildings, 1014 01:13:13,222 --> 01:13:16,692 ranting on social media, creating political art, 1015 01:13:16,725 --> 01:13:18,794 poetry, writing books... 1016 01:13:20,195 --> 01:13:22,064 making movies. 1017 01:13:22,097 --> 01:13:23,799 I agree it's mostly catharsis. 1018 01:13:23,832 --> 01:13:25,734 It's a pressure release valve, 1019 01:13:25,768 --> 01:13:27,703 easing periodic tension, 1020 01:13:27,736 --> 01:13:30,572 making people feel like they're actually doing something. 1021 01:13:31,607 --> 01:13:34,543 Aside, of course, from helping the economy, 1022 01:13:34,576 --> 01:13:35,978 the anti-establishment market 1023 01:13:36,011 --> 01:13:37,813 has been increasingly profitable. 1024 01:13:37,846 --> 01:13:40,482 [chuckles] Yes. 1025 01:13:40,516 --> 01:13:42,918 The anger dollar. If only such outrage 1026 01:13:42,951 --> 01:13:45,020 could be packaged and traded on Wall Street, right? 1027 01:13:45,053 --> 01:13:49,591 [chuckles] And then social change might have a chance. 1028 01:13:49,625 --> 01:13:51,226 [both laugh hysterically] 1029 01:13:59,134 --> 01:14:03,972 But catharsis aside, John, the real issue is hope. 1030 01:14:04,006 --> 01:14:07,209 Activism today is a hope industry. 1031 01:14:08,243 --> 01:14:10,913 Take Concordia. It's been irritating 1032 01:14:10,946 --> 01:14:13,682 and I'm certainly bothered by the technology you have, 1033 01:14:13,715 --> 01:14:16,819 but your actions have posed no true threat. 1034 01:14:16,852 --> 01:14:20,989 What you do is give your millions of fans hope. 1035 01:14:21,023 --> 01:14:24,560 And hope is a drug that subdues. 1036 01:14:24,593 --> 01:14:27,563 So the long history of rights progress is meaningless? 1037 01:14:27,596 --> 01:14:30,899 The abolition of slavery, women's liberation, 1038 01:14:30,933 --> 01:14:35,037 child labor laws, unions, indigenous restitution, 1039 01:14:35,070 --> 01:14:39,908 global decrees, LGBTQ equality, disability acts? 1040 01:14:39,942 --> 01:14:42,711 All adaptations and accommodations. 1041 01:14:42,744 --> 01:14:45,113 No threat to the system itself. 1042 01:14:45,147 --> 01:14:47,082 Take abject slavery: 1043 01:14:47,115 --> 01:14:48,784 the origins are clear. 1044 01:14:48,817 --> 01:14:50,853 It was never about racism. 1045 01:14:50,886 --> 01:14:52,554 It was about economic exploitation. 1046 01:14:52,588 --> 01:14:54,790 Hence business as usual. 1047 01:14:54,823 --> 01:14:57,259 And yet racism took the heat. 1048 01:14:57,292 --> 01:15:00,062 The system connection goes unrecognized. 1049 01:15:00,095 --> 01:15:02,264 Limits of debate. People have been conditioned 1050 01:15:02,297 --> 01:15:04,867 to seek moral causes rather than structural ones. 1051 01:15:04,900 --> 01:15:08,804 Which is exactly my point, they don't have the vocabulary. 1052 01:15:08,837 --> 01:15:10,939 Nothing in their experience offers it. 1053 01:15:10,973 --> 01:15:14,109 The average person engages six hours of media a day 1054 01:15:14,142 --> 01:15:17,212 much of that news constantly reinforcing the status quo. 1055 01:15:17,246 --> 01:15:21,083 I'm glad you brought that up. News is a business. 1056 01:15:21,116 --> 01:15:24,253 And do you think that any for-profit institution is ever 1057 01:15:24,286 --> 01:15:28,090 going to tolerate ideas that move against how it survives? 1058 01:15:29,791 --> 01:15:31,860 The odds are stacked, John. 1059 01:15:31,894 --> 01:15:34,763 The system protects itself on every level 1060 01:15:34,796 --> 01:15:37,566 almost as if it were a living organism. 1061 01:15:39,234 --> 01:15:42,104 But for argument's sake, 1062 01:15:42,137 --> 01:15:45,674 let's assume a formidable movement existed. 1063 01:15:45,707 --> 01:15:48,844 A united front to change the social structure. 1064 01:15:48,877 --> 01:15:50,145 Then what? 1065 01:15:50,178 --> 01:15:51,914 Does it play out on the stage 1066 01:15:51,947 --> 01:15:53,382 of political theater? 1067 01:15:53,415 --> 01:15:56,852 A stage owned and operated by business power? 1068 01:15:56,885 --> 01:16:00,022 Part of the awakening. People are realizing their elected officials 1069 01:16:00,055 --> 01:16:02,224 are structurally corrupted by default, 1070 01:16:02,257 --> 01:16:03,926 regardless of intent. 1071 01:16:03,959 --> 01:16:06,295 -Approaches will shift. -To what? 1072 01:16:06,328 --> 01:16:09,264 Insurrection, violence, overthrow? 1073 01:16:09,298 --> 01:16:11,033 A French Revolution? 1074 01:16:11,066 --> 01:16:13,001 Possible, but certainly not inevitable. 1075 01:16:13,035 --> 01:16:14,903 A critical mass large enough to stop 1076 01:16:14,937 --> 01:16:16,838 the machine in its tracks is really all that it's needed. 1077 01:16:16,872 --> 01:16:18,373 You remember George Orwell? 1078 01:16:18,407 --> 01:16:20,776 -Of course. -He observed something 1079 01:16:20,809 --> 01:16:22,844 interesting in this endless battle 1080 01:16:22,878 --> 01:16:26,114 between the haves and the have nots. 1081 01:16:26,148 --> 01:16:27,950 If it's true as you say, 1082 01:16:27,983 --> 01:16:30,786 the masses are beginning to understand the system. 1083 01:16:30,819 --> 01:16:32,187 Building force against it. 1084 01:16:32,220 --> 01:16:34,423 You should also recognize 1085 01:16:34,456 --> 01:16:36,858 that there's a natural counter-movement. 1086 01:16:36,892 --> 01:16:39,761 The system defending itself once again. 1087 01:16:40,462 --> 01:16:42,898 And every threat to its integrity, 1088 01:16:42,931 --> 01:16:45,100 what you see as progress, 1089 01:16:45,133 --> 01:16:47,970 will be twisted around and presented to the public 1090 01:16:48,003 --> 01:16:50,372 as an attack on their way of life. 1091 01:16:51,707 --> 01:16:54,142 Those outliers that you spoke of, 1092 01:16:54,176 --> 01:16:57,412 the terrorists, gangs, criminals, mass murderers, 1093 01:16:57,446 --> 01:17:00,916 insurgencies, hackers, the Orions. 1094 01:17:00,949 --> 01:17:02,918 The Concordias. 1095 01:17:02,951 --> 01:17:05,954 All empower the system in the end 1096 01:17:05,988 --> 01:17:09,358 providing excuses to further tighten things down. 1097 01:17:09,391 --> 01:17:11,927 More police, more prisons, 1098 01:17:11,960 --> 01:17:15,063 more laws, more bombs, more surveillance. 1099 01:17:16,164 --> 01:17:17,866 More control. 1100 01:17:19,234 --> 01:17:23,939 Again, no conspiracy required. 1101 01:17:24,840 --> 01:17:28,110 It's the masses themselves that push for this, 1102 01:17:28,143 --> 01:17:31,246 willfully exchanging their freedom for security. 1103 01:17:32,180 --> 01:17:37,019 So they can comfortably return to their workstations 1104 01:17:37,052 --> 01:17:41,156 and continue pulling levers on the machine 1105 01:17:41,189 --> 01:17:44,726 just as a money God ordained. 1106 01:17:49,531 --> 01:17:51,967 [train honking] 1107 01:18:10,118 --> 01:18:12,954 [dramatic music] 1108 01:18:16,425 --> 01:18:19,127 [steam hissing] 1109 01:18:33,909 --> 01:18:36,445 [upbeat music] 1110 01:18:45,287 --> 01:18:47,456 [levers rattling] 1111 01:19:09,244 --> 01:19:10,846 [light blaring] 1112 01:19:10,879 --> 01:19:12,013 [coin clinking] 1113 01:19:20,622 --> 01:19:22,057 [machine rattling and dinging] 1114 01:19:45,914 --> 01:19:48,116 [wheels rattling] 1115 01:19:49,918 --> 01:19:51,453 [lights blaring] 1116 01:19:51,486 --> 01:19:53,588 [coins clinking] 1117 01:19:59,928 --> 01:20:02,197 [machine dinging] 1118 01:20:45,640 --> 01:20:47,943 [wheels rattling] 1119 01:20:59,955 --> 01:21:02,290 [spray hissing] 1120 01:21:13,468 --> 01:21:16,071 [slow motion buzzing] 1121 01:21:16,104 --> 01:21:17,639 [music resumes] 1122 01:21:22,711 --> 01:21:25,180 [toy rattling] 1123 01:21:27,482 --> 01:21:30,118 [seagulls cawing] 1124 01:21:36,024 --> 01:21:38,326 [Malikan] In the end, it wasn't the so-called communist, 1125 01:21:38,360 --> 01:21:41,396 socialists, anarchists or whatever counterculture group 1126 01:21:41,429 --> 01:21:45,033 that posed the most serious argument for the Great Transition. 1127 01:21:45,066 --> 01:21:47,068 It was the environmental scientist. 1128 01:21:47,102 --> 01:21:49,437 One could debate the ins and outs of morality, 1129 01:21:49,471 --> 01:21:51,373 public health and human rights, 1130 01:21:51,406 --> 01:21:54,709 but if the habitat goes all that becomes moot. 1131 01:21:54,743 --> 01:21:56,611 And at the turn of the 21st century 1132 01:21:56,645 --> 01:22:00,448 our ecological negligence was pretty embarrassing. 1133 01:22:00,482 --> 01:22:02,250 With great inefficiency we were using 1134 01:22:02,284 --> 01:22:04,419 far more resources each year 1135 01:22:04,452 --> 01:22:06,254 than the planet produced. 1136 01:22:06,288 --> 01:22:08,723 Had destroyed vast realms of biodiversity, 1137 01:22:08,757 --> 01:22:11,726 polluted the air, the soil, the water, 1138 01:22:11,760 --> 01:22:14,729 not only destabilizing the entire global ecosystem 1139 01:22:14,763 --> 01:22:17,999 but by extension society itself. 1140 01:22:18,033 --> 01:22:22,337 The most common question I get when teaching this history is, 1141 01:22:22,370 --> 01:22:25,640 "How is it even possible things could get so bad? 1142 01:22:25,674 --> 01:22:28,209 How could everyone just keep blindly pulling levers 1143 01:22:28,243 --> 01:22:30,312 on that destructive economic machine 1144 01:22:30,345 --> 01:22:32,280 and not see what was happening?" 1145 01:22:32,314 --> 01:22:36,084 And it comes down to a kind of faith-based conditioning, 1146 01:22:36,117 --> 01:22:38,086 a religious pathology taking the form 1147 01:22:38,119 --> 01:22:40,088 of mass economic behavior. 1148 01:22:40,121 --> 01:22:43,658 The doctrine was that of universal scarcity. 1149 01:22:43,692 --> 01:22:46,261 People had been taught to believe that at no time, 1150 01:22:46,294 --> 01:22:49,597 under no circumstance, can economic balance exist. 1151 01:22:49,631 --> 01:22:52,801 [Aleniya] The very idea an economy could be organized 1152 01:22:52,834 --> 01:22:56,271 to efficiently provide for everyone while also being 1153 01:22:56,304 --> 01:23:00,041 in balance with the habitat was a sacrilegious taboo. 1154 01:23:00,075 --> 01:23:03,111 The cult of scarcity and consumption wasn't having it. 1155 01:23:03,144 --> 01:23:05,213 They considered it utopian thinking. 1156 01:23:05,246 --> 01:23:08,149 Supporting the myth that people had infinite wants 1157 01:23:08,183 --> 01:23:11,086 and were accusatively insatiable. 1158 01:23:11,119 --> 01:23:14,422 Hence, the poor had to exist and if anything was the problem, 1159 01:23:14,456 --> 01:23:17,292 it must be population not the system. 1160 01:23:18,259 --> 01:23:22,564 That was the prevailing dogma. There must be too many people. 1161 01:23:22,597 --> 01:23:25,166 You can't have ecological balance in a system 1162 01:23:25,200 --> 01:23:28,269 that requires constant consumer activity to work. 1163 01:23:28,303 --> 01:23:30,505 It's one thing to consume based on need. 1164 01:23:30,538 --> 01:23:33,775 It's another to consume because the system demands it. 1165 01:23:33,808 --> 01:23:35,844 And the market system of economics needed 1166 01:23:35,877 --> 01:23:39,114 constant turnover of goods to keep and create jobs, 1167 01:23:39,147 --> 01:23:42,083 providing workers, which of course were also consumers, 1168 01:23:42,117 --> 01:23:44,652 with income to spend back into the system, 1169 01:23:44,686 --> 01:23:48,089 endlessly repeating the cycle of cyclical consumption. 1170 01:23:48,123 --> 01:23:50,225 If it didn't repeat fast enough or slowed, 1171 01:23:50,258 --> 01:23:51,760 the economy contracted. 1172 01:23:51,793 --> 01:23:53,828 Purchasing power wasn't circulating 1173 01:23:53,862 --> 01:23:56,664 and the society proceeded to shut down. 1174 01:23:56,698 --> 01:24:00,602 [Cynthia] A very unique historical moment occurred in the early 20th century 1175 01:24:00,635 --> 01:24:05,273 when it was realized that technology was now creating a good surplus 1176 01:24:05,306 --> 01:24:07,642 and great confusion ensued. 1177 01:24:07,675 --> 01:24:10,779 The problem was this newfound productive efficiency 1178 01:24:10,812 --> 01:24:13,681 was not being met by people buying more stuff. 1179 01:24:13,715 --> 01:24:16,117 So two competing perspectives emerged: 1180 01:24:16,151 --> 01:24:19,754 on one side you had idealists, envisioning a new era. 1181 01:24:19,788 --> 01:24:22,557 If we can produce an overall good surplus, 1182 01:24:22,590 --> 01:24:25,560 why not lower the cost of goods respectively 1183 01:24:25,593 --> 01:24:28,396 reducing work hours and increased pay in proportion? 1184 01:24:28,430 --> 01:24:31,866 So you can now have say a person working only two days a week 1185 01:24:31,900 --> 01:24:33,735 without losing their standard of living 1186 01:24:33,768 --> 01:24:36,438 since the market value of labor and goods adjusted 1187 01:24:36,471 --> 01:24:38,640 to compensate for the increased efficiency. 1188 01:24:38,673 --> 01:24:40,842 This logic makes perfect sense when it comes 1189 01:24:40,875 --> 01:24:43,611 to the basic principle of supply and demand. 1190 01:24:43,645 --> 01:24:46,848 Suddenly people have more free time, not buried in debt. 1191 01:24:46,881 --> 01:24:49,617 They can enrich their social life, family life, 1192 01:24:49,651 --> 01:24:51,686 and pursue the things that have true meaning. 1193 01:24:52,687 --> 01:24:55,723 Well, that's not the way it played out 1194 01:24:55,757 --> 01:24:57,525 nor would it ever. 1195 01:24:57,559 --> 01:25:00,528 Which brings us to the system level perspective 1196 01:25:00,562 --> 01:25:03,598 since the system itself simply isn't designed inherently 1197 01:25:03,631 --> 01:25:05,767 for steady state equilibrium. 1198 01:25:05,800 --> 01:25:09,504 Market economics is predicated on a more is better ethic. 1199 01:25:09,537 --> 01:25:11,573 To be competitive in the quest for market share. 1200 01:25:11,606 --> 01:25:13,641 That's what's incentivized. 1201 01:25:13,675 --> 01:25:16,377 More growth, more sales, more employees, 1202 01:25:16,411 --> 01:25:21,282 more capital accumulation, more profit, constant expansion. 1203 01:25:21,316 --> 01:25:23,418 So what happened was to be expected, 1204 01:25:23,451 --> 01:25:24,953 fortifying a new industry, 1205 01:25:24,986 --> 01:25:26,788 commercial advertising. 1206 01:25:26,821 --> 01:25:28,556 What was once a simple media service, 1207 01:25:28,590 --> 01:25:31,292 notifying people of new goods they may need, 1208 01:25:31,326 --> 01:25:34,662 turned into a powerful form of manipulative propaganda. 1209 01:25:34,696 --> 01:25:38,266 In the later stages, companies spent more money on advertising 1210 01:25:38,299 --> 01:25:40,735 than they did on research and development. 1211 01:25:40,768 --> 01:25:44,339 What advertising does is abuse our social nature 1212 01:25:44,372 --> 01:25:46,774 by making people feel like they're missing out. 1213 01:25:46,808 --> 01:25:48,710 They're not good enough without this, 1214 01:25:48,743 --> 01:25:50,945 they're lower in status without that. 1215 01:25:50,979 --> 01:25:54,716 They feel excluded from others if they don't own something. 1216 01:25:54,749 --> 01:25:57,218 And as pathetic as all that sounds it had 1217 01:25:57,252 --> 01:26:00,688 a profound effect on society with everyone keeping up 1218 01:26:00,722 --> 01:26:04,592 with the Joneses in a hideous feedback loop. 1219 01:26:04,626 --> 01:26:07,295 And the result as industrial productivity 1220 01:26:07,328 --> 01:26:10,732 still continued to rise, people worked more than ever, 1221 01:26:10,765 --> 01:26:13,968 had less free time, were in staggering amounts of debt, 1222 01:26:14,002 --> 01:26:16,738 and arguably had a lower standard of living 1223 01:26:16,771 --> 01:26:18,907 when you actually account for human happiness 1224 01:26:18,940 --> 01:26:21,342 and the level of stress people endured. 1225 01:26:21,376 --> 01:26:23,645 All to keep the economic machine moving. 1226 01:26:24,579 --> 01:26:26,981 [Vivian] One thing that's really interesting in all this, 1227 01:26:27,015 --> 01:26:28,750 is that the economic system back then 1228 01:26:28,783 --> 01:26:31,953 embraced a fantastic paradox. 1229 01:26:31,986 --> 01:26:33,588 So here you had a model 1230 01:26:33,621 --> 01:26:35,390 that defended itself by the assumption 1231 01:26:35,423 --> 01:26:38,560 of universal scarcity. Forcing competition, 1232 01:26:38,593 --> 01:26:40,828 oppression, exploitation, 1233 01:26:40,862 --> 01:26:43,765 poverty and so on, while at the same time 1234 01:26:43,798 --> 01:26:47,835 the entire machine needed infinite consumption to work. 1235 01:26:47,869 --> 01:26:49,804 Think about that for a moment. 1236 01:26:49,837 --> 01:26:53,408 How do you justify these harsh outcomes of assumed scarcity 1237 01:26:53,441 --> 01:26:56,511 when the system itself disregards the idea entirely 1238 01:26:56,544 --> 01:26:59,280 when it comes to the very mechanics that make it work? 1239 01:26:59,314 --> 01:27:02,350 And the bottom line is this wasn't an economy at all 1240 01:27:02,383 --> 01:27:05,553 by definition, it was an anti-economy, 1241 01:27:05,587 --> 01:27:08,623 with human beings functioning like cancer cells 1242 01:27:08,656 --> 01:27:10,592 eating the Earth alive. 1243 01:27:10,625 --> 01:27:14,395 In systems theory this is known as a positive feedback loop. 1244 01:27:14,429 --> 01:27:16,464 Don't let that word, positive, confuse you 1245 01:27:16,497 --> 01:27:18,666 as there's nothing positive about it. 1246 01:27:18,700 --> 01:27:21,903 It means there's nothing working to balance system behavior 1247 01:27:21,936 --> 01:27:23,972 to its regulatory environment. 1248 01:27:24,005 --> 01:27:26,407 That environment in the case of Economics 1249 01:27:26,441 --> 01:27:29,811 is a finite planet with a delicate ecosystem. 1250 01:27:29,844 --> 01:27:32,880 If respect for scarcity was taken seriously, 1251 01:27:32,914 --> 01:27:35,483 the goal would be to focus on efficiency, 1252 01:27:35,516 --> 01:27:37,885 working to reduce resource use, reduce waste 1253 01:27:37,919 --> 01:27:40,054 in the process of meeting human needs. 1254 01:27:40,088 --> 01:27:43,024 Manifesting of course a culture that's mature enough 1255 01:27:43,057 --> 01:27:45,793 to understand the boundaries of its own existence. 1256 01:27:46,728 --> 01:27:48,696 [Malikan] Truly positive economic metrics 1257 01:27:48,730 --> 01:27:51,065 are the opposite of what was sought back then. 1258 01:27:51,099 --> 01:27:53,635 Degrowth, so to speak, would be the goal. 1259 01:27:53,668 --> 01:27:56,404 Doing more with less and needing less. 1260 01:27:56,437 --> 01:27:59,107 People would go on TV to give an economic report 1261 01:27:59,140 --> 01:28:02,510 and say something like, "Great metrics for the economy this month. 1262 01:28:02,543 --> 01:28:05,980 We reduced our use of energy and raw materials by another three percent. 1263 01:28:06,014 --> 01:28:09,684 Lowering sales once again with less need for human employment, 1264 01:28:09,717 --> 01:28:12,587 Increasing overall efficiency by a factor of two. 1265 01:28:12,620 --> 01:28:15,423 We continue to be in homeostatic balance with the planet 1266 01:28:15,456 --> 01:28:18,993 for yet another year and humanity has more free time than ever." 1267 01:28:19,027 --> 01:28:20,528 Here's Tom with the weather. 1268 01:28:20,561 --> 01:28:21,696 "Well, it's clear skies 1269 01:28:21,729 --> 01:28:23,064 across the hemispheres. 1270 01:28:23,097 --> 01:28:24,932 The Amazon rainforest isn't on fire. 1271 01:28:24,966 --> 01:28:27,535 We aren't clogging the atmosphere with CO2, 1272 01:28:27,568 --> 01:28:29,771 and we haven't seen swarms of refugees cascading 1273 01:28:29,804 --> 01:28:32,840 across continents in search of food for some time. 1274 01:28:32,874 --> 01:28:34,776 And the fog of billionaire douchebaggery 1275 01:28:34,809 --> 01:28:37,745 seems to have cleared a bit. We do expect some precipitation 1276 01:28:37,779 --> 01:28:40,682 adding to our already abundant fresh water supply 1277 01:28:40,715 --> 01:28:43,885 further improving topsoil while global abundance measures 1278 01:28:43,918 --> 01:28:46,921 has everyone sitting pretty for the foreseeable future." 1279 01:28:48,890 --> 01:28:53,795 Yeah, you would never hear anything like that, instead the opposite. 1280 01:28:53,828 --> 01:28:57,031 Some dickhead PhD ivy league market economist 1281 01:28:57,065 --> 01:28:59,133 religious fanatic who literally 1282 01:28:59,167 --> 01:29:02,170 has no clue what the word economy even means, 1283 01:29:02,203 --> 01:29:04,739 would come on and say, "Quarterly earnings 1284 01:29:04,772 --> 01:29:07,909 were down last month in most sectors as GDP slows. 1285 01:29:07,942 --> 01:29:09,911 We're seeing an increasing in unemployment 1286 01:29:09,944 --> 01:29:11,913 due to the contraction, but hopefully 1287 01:29:11,946 --> 01:29:14,749 the coming Christmas season will spark new consumer demand 1288 01:29:14,782 --> 01:29:16,951 while it's anticipated that the central bank 1289 01:29:16,984 --> 01:29:19,754 will lower interest rates and buy more bonds 1290 01:29:19,787 --> 01:29:22,724 to increase liquidity to ease the credit crunch. 1291 01:29:22,757 --> 01:29:25,727 Hopefully this will improve consumer confidence 1292 01:29:25,760 --> 01:29:28,730 inspiring investors to reallocate capital 1293 01:29:28,763 --> 01:29:31,065 into da-da-da-da-da-da-da-da." 1294 01:29:31,099 --> 01:29:35,603 Translated this means, "We need you people to take on more loans, 1295 01:29:35,636 --> 01:29:39,540 go into more debt to buy more things to create more jobs 1296 01:29:39,574 --> 01:29:42,543 so we can sell more things and use more of the Earth's 1297 01:29:42,577 --> 01:29:45,646 resources. If we're lucky industry will improve 1298 01:29:45,680 --> 01:29:48,683 on shortening good life spans through planned obsolescence. 1299 01:29:48,716 --> 01:29:50,651 Make things impossible to repair. 1300 01:29:50,685 --> 01:29:53,221 Hopefully more single-use goods will become the norm 1301 01:29:53,254 --> 01:29:56,657 so people can buy and throw away at an ever increasing rate 1302 01:29:56,691 --> 01:29:58,126 keeping this shit show going." 1303 01:29:58,159 --> 01:29:59,193 [clicking] 1304 01:29:59,227 --> 01:30:01,929 [gentle music] 1305 01:30:13,007 --> 01:30:15,042 [director] So I want to shift gears here a bit 1306 01:30:15,076 --> 01:30:18,246 and ask you about your work in group identity. 1307 01:30:18,279 --> 01:30:21,149 Specifically how it relates to economic conditions. 1308 01:30:22,583 --> 01:30:25,787 Well, like everything is complex. 1309 01:30:25,820 --> 01:30:28,189 As we talked about earlier our social nature 1310 01:30:28,222 --> 01:30:30,958 can get the best of us and we have some 1311 01:30:30,992 --> 01:30:34,595 interesting evolutionary wiring when it comes to groups. 1312 01:30:34,629 --> 01:30:37,031 Us and them, in groups and out groups, 1313 01:30:37,064 --> 01:30:39,867 and perhaps what's most unique is 1314 01:30:39,901 --> 01:30:42,970 what defines an us and what defines a them 1315 01:30:43,004 --> 01:30:46,007 is subjective and culturally dependent. 1316 01:30:46,040 --> 01:30:48,042 If you grow up only being exposed to people who look 1317 01:30:48,075 --> 01:30:51,078 like you and then you're exposed to those that don't, 1318 01:30:51,112 --> 01:30:54,081 your brain tends to fire with apprehension. 1319 01:30:54,115 --> 01:30:57,618 But the same thing also occurs with something even more trivial 1320 01:30:57,652 --> 01:31:00,254 like baseball caps. You show people who like 1321 01:31:00,288 --> 01:31:03,791 a certain team photos of that team and then throw in a photo 1322 01:31:03,825 --> 01:31:07,094 of an opposing team member, the same thing occurs. 1323 01:31:07,128 --> 01:31:09,096 So for whatever evolutionary reason, 1324 01:31:09,130 --> 01:31:13,634 we have a propensity to divide society up and make judgments. 1325 01:31:13,668 --> 01:31:15,870 And there is no value in it whatsoever. 1326 01:31:15,903 --> 01:31:19,040 It's just dangerous baggage. 1327 01:31:19,073 --> 01:31:20,808 And before the Great Transition, 1328 01:31:20,842 --> 01:31:23,277 because the economy was fundamentally divisive 1329 01:31:23,311 --> 01:31:25,213 due to its competitive nature, 1330 01:31:25,246 --> 01:31:28,683 bigotry and group oppression was a huge problem. 1331 01:31:28,716 --> 01:31:31,052 So you have the human species developing in pockets 1332 01:31:31,085 --> 01:31:34,288 around the world with different environmental exposures. 1333 01:31:34,322 --> 01:31:36,958 Not only shaping appearance such as color of skin, 1334 01:31:36,991 --> 01:31:39,961 but also setting in motion cultural differences 1335 01:31:39,994 --> 01:31:43,197 and as these groups began to mix it got very messy, 1336 01:31:43,231 --> 01:31:46,067 which is why you see, especially by the 20th century, 1337 01:31:46,100 --> 01:31:48,903 strong social movements by people trying to stop 1338 01:31:48,936 --> 01:31:51,906 group oppression, at least on the legal and political level. 1339 01:31:51,939 --> 01:31:55,042 The demand for gender, ethnic, sexual orientation, 1340 01:31:55,076 --> 01:31:57,178 and creed equality was constant 1341 01:31:57,211 --> 01:32:00,314 with modest success given the fact society was still stuck 1342 01:32:00,348 --> 01:32:03,818 in an economic mode based upon mutual exploitation 1343 01:32:03,851 --> 01:32:06,754 amplifying the tendency for group antagonism. 1344 01:32:06,787 --> 01:32:09,023 But there was a side effect to all of this: 1345 01:32:09,056 --> 01:32:11,192 rather than seeking equality to neutralize 1346 01:32:11,225 --> 01:32:14,762 the group identity problem, many chose to embrace it. 1347 01:32:14,795 --> 01:32:18,232 They took what was an artificial construct imposed upon them 1348 01:32:18,266 --> 01:32:19,967 and defined themselves by it. 1349 01:32:20,868 --> 01:32:23,037 For example, someone descended 1350 01:32:23,070 --> 01:32:25,306 from the African slave trade in America 1351 01:32:25,339 --> 01:32:29,343 is only a black person via the construct of being called so. 1352 01:32:29,377 --> 01:32:31,879 There is no such thing as a black person 1353 01:32:31,913 --> 01:32:34,081 just as there's no such thing as a grey person, 1354 01:32:34,115 --> 01:32:37,184 just as there is no such thing as a white person. 1355 01:32:37,218 --> 01:32:39,153 These are all social constructs 1356 01:32:39,186 --> 01:32:42,189 that have invented to artificially categorize people. 1357 01:32:43,190 --> 01:32:44,792 And the same applies to culture, 1358 01:32:44,825 --> 01:32:47,094 just as there is no such thing as a white person, 1359 01:32:47,128 --> 01:32:49,630 there is no such thing as an Italian person 1360 01:32:49,664 --> 01:32:53,034 or a Buddhist person or an Irish person or a Jewish person. 1361 01:32:53,067 --> 01:32:56,771 [Cynthia] It is one thing to have a valued practice, meditation, 1362 01:32:56,804 --> 01:33:00,775 or sense of philosophy that inspires you and educates you. 1363 01:33:00,808 --> 01:33:05,279 History is rich with beautiful traditions across many belief systems. 1364 01:33:05,313 --> 01:33:08,883 Dogma aside religion itself helps to serve as a kind 1365 01:33:08,916 --> 01:33:12,820 of gateway into our spiritual and intellectual evolution. 1366 01:33:12,853 --> 01:33:14,989 [Malikan] Finding meaning in meditation, 1367 01:33:15,022 --> 01:33:17,825 or putting up a Christmas tree or lighting the menorah 1368 01:33:17,858 --> 01:33:22,063 creates ritualistic connection that can have great personal meeting. 1369 01:33:22,096 --> 01:33:25,199 But engaging Buddhist practice doesn't make you Buddhist. 1370 01:33:25,232 --> 01:33:28,135 Being born from a bloodline in Italy doesn't mean you're an Italian 1371 01:33:28,169 --> 01:33:31,072 and going to church doesn't mean you're Christian. 1372 01:33:31,105 --> 01:33:33,240 The moment you go from a person that enjoys 1373 01:33:33,274 --> 01:33:35,676 the practice of something to saying, 1374 01:33:35,710 --> 01:33:37,678 "I am this or that," 1375 01:33:37,712 --> 01:33:41,215 is the moment you draw dangerous lines through the species. 1376 01:33:41,248 --> 01:33:43,117 Taking such pride in your ethnic, 1377 01:33:43,150 --> 01:33:44,986 religious, or regional background 1378 01:33:45,019 --> 01:33:47,888 creates an identity with the group by label 1379 01:33:47,922 --> 01:33:51,192 and it is fundamentally elitist and bigoted by nature. 1380 01:33:52,159 --> 01:33:54,895 There is only one race, the human race. 1381 01:33:54,929 --> 01:33:56,964 And within the confines of that fact 1382 01:33:56,998 --> 01:33:59,066 to separate yourself any further 1383 01:33:59,100 --> 01:34:01,435 leads to absolutely nothing positive. 1384 01:34:01,469 --> 01:34:04,705 [gentle music fading] 1385 01:34:06,440 --> 01:34:09,343 [slow motion buzzing] 1386 01:34:18,419 --> 01:34:19,720 [notification beeps] 1387 01:34:29,797 --> 01:34:31,265 [ominous music] 1388 01:35:12,073 --> 01:35:14,508 [ominous music increasing] 1389 01:35:29,457 --> 01:35:30,357 [with robotic voice] Kike. 1390 01:35:31,826 --> 01:35:33,861 No, looks more like a wop. 1391 01:35:33,894 --> 01:35:36,230 Yeah greaseball dago to be sure. 1392 01:35:36,263 --> 01:35:38,099 Just another Eurotrash wetback. 1393 01:35:38,132 --> 01:35:40,034 Cracker guinea freeloader. 1394 01:35:40,067 --> 01:35:42,103 [chuckles] And look at those clothes. 1395 01:35:42,136 --> 01:35:44,472 A Nancy Drew Becky wanna be Stacy. 1396 01:35:44,505 --> 01:35:46,941 Looking for her chad that never comes. 1397 01:35:46,974 --> 01:35:49,910 No doubt, a tree hugging, dirt worshipping feminazi. 1398 01:35:49,944 --> 01:35:52,246 Soy boy beta cuck magnet. 1399 01:35:52,279 --> 01:35:56,584 A card-carrying purple haired, muff diving, spook loving. 1400 01:35:56,617 --> 01:35:58,853 Self-righteous socialist pinko. 1401 01:35:58,886 --> 01:36:01,455 Coloring in her little book with her junglebunny. 1402 01:36:01,489 --> 01:36:03,824 Towelhead libtard comrades. 1403 01:36:03,858 --> 01:36:07,962 Just a sea of bleeding-heart social justice warrior welfare queens. 1404 01:36:07,995 --> 01:36:13,100 Bootlicking, anti-freedom globalist, vegan red zombie. 1405 01:36:13,134 --> 01:36:15,302 A communist snowflake cumdumpster. 1406 01:36:15,336 --> 01:36:18,906 So just move back to Cuba with all the other crybaby. 1407 01:36:18,939 --> 01:36:20,374 Regressive, leftist. 1408 01:36:20,407 --> 01:36:22,143 Marxist, Antifa. 1409 01:36:22,176 --> 01:36:23,444 Utopianists. 1410 01:36:23,477 --> 01:36:26,313 [audience booing] 1411 01:36:34,355 --> 01:36:37,191 [muffled booing] 1412 01:36:53,174 --> 01:36:54,375 [muffled thudding] 1413 01:37:10,224 --> 01:37:12,860 [ominous music] 1414 01:37:50,598 --> 01:37:52,266 [music stops] 1415 01:38:20,394 --> 01:38:25,466 -[man] Break time. -Yeah, I need to zone out for a bit. 1416 01:38:26,533 --> 01:38:29,503 This final programming is melting my brain. 1417 01:38:32,039 --> 01:38:35,476 -What's this? -Good question. 1418 01:38:35,509 --> 01:38:38,412 Some old film by this guy, Joseph. 1419 01:38:38,445 --> 01:38:41,215 It's like an abstract social commentary. 1420 01:38:41,248 --> 01:38:42,683 I haven't quite figured it out. 1421 01:38:45,019 --> 01:38:46,220 Looks pretentious. 1422 01:38:48,555 --> 01:38:50,024 How's the great debate? 1423 01:38:50,057 --> 01:38:51,692 That's what I'm going to find out. 1424 01:38:54,361 --> 01:38:56,130 I'm sorry. 1425 01:38:56,163 --> 01:38:58,766 I thought we were trying to save the world. 1426 01:38:58,799 --> 01:39:00,601 Everything's ahead of schedule. 1427 01:39:00,634 --> 01:39:03,370 And I can't do much more without the satellite coordinates. 1428 01:39:03,404 --> 01:39:05,639 -Plus this is getting good. -Hm-mm. 1429 01:39:05,673 --> 01:39:07,775 According to the script, looks like John's about to school 1430 01:39:07,808 --> 01:39:09,576 Simon on the nature of hierarchy. 1431 01:39:11,745 --> 01:39:14,748 [woman 1] Wait, how is it we're seeing both in the shot at once. 1432 01:39:14,782 --> 01:39:16,717 The camera links to his eye. 1433 01:39:16,750 --> 01:39:20,321 [women 2] Shh. Audiences don't usually notice things like that. 1434 01:39:20,354 --> 01:39:24,658 And besides where do you see equality in the animal kingdom? 1435 01:39:24,692 --> 01:39:26,360 No one's equal, John. 1436 01:39:26,393 --> 01:39:29,029 And it would be painfully boring if they were. 1437 01:39:29,063 --> 01:39:30,631 Humans are diverse. 1438 01:39:30,664 --> 01:39:32,533 Everyone has different capabilities, 1439 01:39:32,566 --> 01:39:35,469 strengths, weaknesses, talents. 1440 01:39:35,502 --> 01:39:37,471 The push for social equality and human rights 1441 01:39:37,504 --> 01:39:39,606 is about how that diversity is understood. 1442 01:39:40,541 --> 01:39:42,276 And you've seemed to think people should only be valued 1443 01:39:42,309 --> 01:39:44,311 by how well they compete in the business game 1444 01:39:44,345 --> 01:39:46,680 as if the violence spread between the rich and the poor 1445 01:39:46,714 --> 01:39:48,615 reflects objective human worth. 1446 01:39:48,649 --> 01:39:52,186 John, I amuse myself with the notion 1447 01:39:52,219 --> 01:39:55,289 of the money God because it isn't far from the truth. 1448 01:39:55,322 --> 01:39:59,326 Some system has to exist to divide up a scarce world 1449 01:39:59,360 --> 01:40:03,330 and nature has spoken as to what that system must be. 1450 01:40:03,364 --> 01:40:06,500 Those who reach the top of the pyramid deserve it, 1451 01:40:06,533 --> 01:40:09,169 not because you or I think it's right, 1452 01:40:09,203 --> 01:40:12,473 but because that's what nature is selecting for. 1453 01:40:12,506 --> 01:40:14,641 So nature prefers sociopaths and psychopaths 1454 01:40:14,675 --> 01:40:17,111 to guide the species? Because those are the dominating 1455 01:40:17,144 --> 01:40:18,746 traits of the ruling class today. 1456 01:40:18,779 --> 01:40:21,815 The system is as the system does. 1457 01:40:21,849 --> 01:40:24,218 Is that what the Malthusian Mandate is about? 1458 01:40:24,251 --> 01:40:26,320 To then select out the poor and weak. 1459 01:40:27,388 --> 01:40:29,256 We'll get to the mandate in a moment. 1460 01:40:30,724 --> 01:40:33,394 I'm still bothered by your denial of the fact 1461 01:40:33,427 --> 01:40:37,297 our social system reflects our true biological nature. 1462 01:40:37,331 --> 01:40:41,135 And if this revolution you speak of did magically occur, 1463 01:40:41,168 --> 01:40:43,504 it would just be a matter of time before the innate 1464 01:40:43,537 --> 01:40:48,175 compulsion towards social dominance prevailed yet again. 1465 01:40:48,208 --> 01:40:52,246 Deep down, John, the slaves don't want to be free. 1466 01:40:52,279 --> 01:40:54,548 They want to be slave owners. 1467 01:40:55,883 --> 01:40:56,750 Nice one. 1468 01:40:58,318 --> 01:41:00,187 Too bad history paints a different picture. 1469 01:41:01,288 --> 01:41:02,823 Our hierarchies have remained 1470 01:41:02,856 --> 01:41:05,592 constant throughout recorded civilization. 1471 01:41:05,626 --> 01:41:08,529 For perhaps the last 12,000 years, sure. 1472 01:41:08,562 --> 01:41:10,330 But you know as well as I do, before the discovery 1473 01:41:10,364 --> 01:41:12,766 of agriculture, there was no such thing. 1474 01:41:12,800 --> 01:41:15,335 Ninety-nine percent of human history has been egalitarian. 1475 01:41:15,369 --> 01:41:18,172 I said civilization, John. 1476 01:41:18,205 --> 01:41:20,641 Meandering hunter-gatherer tribes 1477 01:41:20,674 --> 01:41:24,878 chucking spears and eating grubs isn't civilization. 1478 01:41:24,912 --> 01:41:26,580 How contemporacist of you. 1479 01:41:27,581 --> 01:41:31,218 Yet 20th century study of numerous hunter-gatherer tribes, 1480 01:41:31,251 --> 01:41:34,221 those still surviving in remote areas just as they did 1481 01:41:34,254 --> 01:41:36,790 thousands of years prior, actually show socially 1482 01:41:36,824 --> 01:41:40,928 rich cultures. Adult life spans not far from ours. 1483 01:41:40,961 --> 01:41:43,597 Relatively peaceful in balance with nature. 1484 01:41:43,630 --> 01:41:48,235 No leaders, no group hierarchy, no inequality. 1485 01:41:48,268 --> 01:41:52,406 To argue today's society is somehow more civilized is dubious at best. 1486 01:41:52,439 --> 01:41:54,641 Well, then perhaps you can encourage 1487 01:41:54,675 --> 01:41:56,543 all your enlightened followers 1488 01:41:56,577 --> 01:41:58,846 to come together and live out their utopian 1489 01:41:58,879 --> 01:42:00,781 fantasy in the Amazon jungle. 1490 01:42:00,814 --> 01:42:03,517 You mean what's left of it? What hasn't been destroyed 1491 01:42:03,550 --> 01:42:05,752 by the supposedly advanced culture that's ravaged 1492 01:42:05,786 --> 01:42:07,921 the natural world into total decline 1493 01:42:07,955 --> 01:42:11,892 in the name of infinite consumption and economic growth? 1494 01:42:11,925 --> 01:42:14,728 And the point here, Simon, is hunter-gatherer cultures 1495 01:42:14,761 --> 01:42:16,864 are evidence of human variability. 1496 01:42:16,897 --> 01:42:19,967 variability which contradicts your vague biological determinism. 1497 01:42:20,000 --> 01:42:22,503 John, just because history shows 1498 01:42:22,536 --> 01:42:25,906 a range of behaviors across time doesn't prove anything. 1499 01:42:25,939 --> 01:42:29,209 The introduction of agriculture indeed changed 1500 01:42:29,243 --> 01:42:33,447 the human condition because it triggered a dormant trait 1501 01:42:33,480 --> 01:42:35,883 in our evolutionary psychology. 1502 01:42:35,916 --> 01:42:38,652 A trait that wasn't expressed before. 1503 01:42:38,685 --> 01:42:39,720 How? 1504 01:42:39,753 --> 01:42:41,355 By the advent 1505 01:42:41,388 --> 01:42:43,323 of economic surplus. 1506 01:42:43,357 --> 01:42:44,925 [scoffs] Economic surplus. 1507 01:42:44,958 --> 01:42:48,462 Resources and goods that could be stored, 1508 01:42:48,495 --> 01:42:50,931 hoarded, stockpiled, owned, 1509 01:42:50,964 --> 01:42:54,601 traded, controlled, leveraged for personal gain. 1510 01:42:54,635 --> 01:42:58,972 A phenomenon that was impossible in a hunter-gatherer reality. 1511 01:42:59,006 --> 01:43:02,576 And it was that realization that sparked our now 1512 01:43:02,609 --> 01:43:05,979 omnipresent drive toward dominance and hierarchy. 1513 01:43:09,383 --> 01:43:10,350 I didn't know that. 1514 01:43:11,351 --> 01:43:14,955 Genetic dormancy of an evolutionary expression. 1515 01:43:14,988 --> 01:43:17,391 Needed an environmental trigger, 1516 01:43:17,424 --> 01:43:20,460 psychological drive, but then morphs into complex 1517 01:43:20,494 --> 01:43:22,863 oppressive institutions and structures. 1518 01:43:23,797 --> 01:43:27,467 Compelling. Intuitive. Plausible. 1519 01:43:28,902 --> 01:43:30,571 Too bad it's total bullshit. 1520 01:43:30,604 --> 01:43:32,806 All simpleton, pedestrian, bio-deterministic 1521 01:43:32,839 --> 01:43:35,542 conclusions that are nothing more than elitist projections. 1522 01:43:35,576 --> 01:43:39,513 You think it's wise to insult me given this circumstance, John. 1523 01:43:40,581 --> 01:43:41,481 And listen. 1524 01:43:41,515 --> 01:43:44,518 [phone ringing] 1525 01:44:00,033 --> 01:44:01,034 [phone ringing stops] 1526 01:44:12,479 --> 01:44:14,681 Agriculture did change everything. 1527 01:44:14,715 --> 01:44:16,883 But not because of someone's dormant psychological 1528 01:44:16,917 --> 01:44:19,820 drive magically triggered by economic surplus. 1529 01:44:19,853 --> 01:44:22,756 It was about what such a society technically required, 1530 01:44:22,789 --> 01:44:26,960 dramatically shifting incentives and very nature of human relationships. 1531 01:44:26,994 --> 01:44:30,330 Think about it. First you need the proper land, 1532 01:44:30,364 --> 01:44:32,532 water, the right conditions to farm, 1533 01:44:32,566 --> 01:44:34,635 then creating settlements around those fruitful areas 1534 01:44:34,668 --> 01:44:36,603 as opposed to foraging. 1535 01:44:36,637 --> 01:44:39,573 And since land quality varies some settlements will prosper 1536 01:44:39,606 --> 01:44:42,442 due to their geography and some will falter. 1537 01:44:42,476 --> 01:44:44,945 So what happens when a group finds itself with failed crops 1538 01:44:44,978 --> 01:44:46,980 and no way to survive the winter? 1539 01:44:47,014 --> 01:44:48,582 They may trade with other groups, 1540 01:44:48,615 --> 01:44:50,584 building out what we call a market today, 1541 01:44:50,617 --> 01:44:53,654 giving way to the idea of property and so on. 1542 01:44:53,687 --> 01:44:55,822 Or if they have nothing to trade, desperate, 1543 01:44:55,856 --> 01:44:59,726 they may invade, they may steal, compete, 1544 01:44:59,760 --> 01:45:03,130 establishing the need for protection, laws, armies, 1545 01:45:03,163 --> 01:45:04,898 the state institution itself. 1546 01:45:05,866 --> 01:45:08,502 At the same time people begin to notice the imbalance 1547 01:45:08,535 --> 01:45:10,871 and power of this new propertied reality, 1548 01:45:10,904 --> 01:45:14,508 rationalizing the hoarding of wealth for the sake of future security. 1549 01:45:15,409 --> 01:45:19,880 Hence the birth of inequity, poverty, socio-economic class. 1550 01:45:20,814 --> 01:45:24,885 Simon, every major structural aspect of society today, 1551 01:45:24,918 --> 01:45:27,954 from ownership to trade, to nation states 1552 01:45:27,988 --> 01:45:31,024 to institutional warfare at the competitive ethic 1553 01:45:31,058 --> 01:45:36,163 to vast economic inequality and power hierarchy was predictable. 1554 01:45:36,196 --> 01:45:37,631 Snowballing ever since. 1555 01:45:38,799 --> 01:45:43,770 So your theory is if you change the structure of society 1556 01:45:43,804 --> 01:45:45,772 you change the human condition? 1557 01:45:47,174 --> 01:45:50,677 -There's no going back, John. -No one's going back. 1558 01:45:50,711 --> 01:45:52,145 We're going forward. 1559 01:45:52,179 --> 01:45:54,481 Humanity has been trapped in this immature stage 1560 01:45:54,514 --> 01:45:56,883 for too long, not to mention the sickness manifest 1561 01:45:56,917 --> 01:46:00,587 by this endless striving towards social status is palpable. 1562 01:46:00,620 --> 01:46:02,456 Children, when who asked what they want 1563 01:46:02,489 --> 01:46:06,059 to be when they grow up say, "Rich and famous." 1564 01:46:06,093 --> 01:46:08,962 How the most wealthy nations, those beacons of supposed 1565 01:46:08,995 --> 01:46:12,632 success are by far the most mentally ill. 1566 01:46:12,666 --> 01:46:16,203 People don't know who they are, where they're going 1567 01:46:16,236 --> 01:46:17,704 and what they're doing. 1568 01:46:17,738 --> 01:46:19,973 Lost in a perversion of social image. 1569 01:46:20,874 --> 01:46:24,111 A spectacle that no longer has any relationship 1570 01:46:24,144 --> 01:46:25,579 to anything real. 1571 01:46:28,215 --> 01:46:30,150 [door creaking] 1572 01:46:37,691 --> 01:46:38,892 [door thuds] 1573 01:46:43,263 --> 01:46:44,965 [white noise] 1574 01:46:46,733 --> 01:46:49,136 [gentle rock music] 1575 01:47:22,936 --> 01:47:24,137 [dinging] 1576 01:47:25,172 --> 01:47:27,040 [high-pitched whirring] 1577 01:47:55,035 --> 01:47:56,870 [dinging] 1578 01:47:56,903 --> 01:47:58,972 [high-pitched whirring] 1579 01:48:21,595 --> 01:48:23,496 [rock music continues] 1580 01:48:27,367 --> 01:48:28,335 [dinging] 1581 01:48:28,368 --> 01:48:29,970 [high-pitched whirring] 1582 01:48:44,251 --> 01:48:45,619 [dinging] 1583 01:48:45,652 --> 01:48:47,287 [high-pitched whirring] 1584 01:49:17,417 --> 01:49:18,785 [dinging] 1585 01:49:18,818 --> 01:49:21,321 [rock music intensifies] 1586 01:49:48,982 --> 01:49:51,084 [rock music continues increasing] 1587 01:50:05,899 --> 01:50:07,400 [rock music abruptly stops] 1588 01:50:11,771 --> 01:50:13,974 [white noise] 1589 01:50:25,852 --> 01:50:28,121 [gentle music] 1590 01:50:39,899 --> 01:50:42,268 [director] So I'd like to go back to the subject of inequality. 1591 01:50:42,302 --> 01:50:44,437 But this time to understand the mechanics 1592 01:50:44,471 --> 01:50:47,707 of the oppression how the hierarchy was kept in place? 1593 01:50:47,741 --> 01:50:49,709 Okay, let's start with money. 1594 01:50:49,743 --> 01:50:51,945 [gentle music] 1595 01:50:51,978 --> 01:50:54,814 Money was the infrastructure of the market economy 1596 01:50:54,848 --> 01:50:56,883 and how it was created and moved around 1597 01:50:56,916 --> 01:50:59,819 was instrumental to lower class oppression. 1598 01:50:59,853 --> 01:51:03,189 [Malikan] So you had these things called banks and they had 1599 01:51:03,223 --> 01:51:07,027 the ungodly power to make abstract value out of nothing. 1600 01:51:07,060 --> 01:51:11,031 If a person needed money for a home or car or business, 1601 01:51:11,064 --> 01:51:14,200 they went to their local bank and applied for a loan, 1602 01:51:14,234 --> 01:51:16,803 and if approved the person signed a contract 1603 01:51:16,836 --> 01:51:20,807 binding them to return that loaned money at a future date. 1604 01:51:20,840 --> 01:51:23,009 Though, it's not really a lone 1605 01:51:23,043 --> 01:51:26,279 in the sense of somebody lending out what they already owned. 1606 01:51:26,312 --> 01:51:28,948 Contrary to what most assumed banks didn't loan out money 1607 01:51:28,982 --> 01:51:32,252 they actually had, they instead created new money 1608 01:51:32,285 --> 01:51:35,455 in the form of credit backed by debt. 1609 01:51:35,488 --> 01:51:37,957 So on one side money represented 1610 01:51:37,991 --> 01:51:40,260 a store of value people could spend, 1611 01:51:40,293 --> 01:51:43,930 while on the other it was a liability made out of debt. 1612 01:51:43,963 --> 01:51:46,332 In other words, for every dollar that existed, 1613 01:51:46,366 --> 01:51:48,468 there was also a debt of a dollar 1614 01:51:48,501 --> 01:51:50,904 owed to some bank somewhere. 1615 01:51:50,937 --> 01:51:53,273 That was how money was brought into existence 1616 01:51:53,306 --> 01:51:57,811 and when someone repaid the loan debt the money then disappeared. 1617 01:51:57,844 --> 01:52:01,014 That understood any kind of service in that economy 1618 01:52:01,047 --> 01:52:03,783 sought a profit, and in the case of a loan, 1619 01:52:03,817 --> 01:52:06,853 that came in the form of a fee called interest. 1620 01:52:06,886 --> 01:52:10,190 So the borrower not only had to eventually repay the loan 1621 01:52:10,223 --> 01:52:12,992 but also the interest charged as well. 1622 01:52:14,027 --> 01:52:16,296 [Aleniya] Imagine an island of a hundred people, 1623 01:52:16,329 --> 01:52:19,866 they decide to organize themselves through market economy. 1624 01:52:19,899 --> 01:52:22,368 They plop a bank down and each of them take a loan 1625 01:52:22,402 --> 01:52:25,905 for 100 credits of money at ten percent interest. 1626 01:52:25,939 --> 01:52:28,541 So they all now have 10,000 credits total 1627 01:52:28,575 --> 01:52:31,211 in their money supply and they begin to work 1628 01:52:31,244 --> 01:52:34,180 in exchange creating economic activity. 1629 01:52:34,214 --> 01:52:36,416 When the time comes to pay back the loan, 1630 01:52:36,449 --> 01:52:40,086 they realized they owe not only the 100 credits, 1631 01:52:40,120 --> 01:52:43,957 but the ten percent interest, so 110 credits. 1632 01:52:43,990 --> 01:52:46,025 Same for the whole society, 1633 01:52:46,059 --> 01:52:49,062 in total everyone on the island now owes the bank 1634 01:52:49,095 --> 01:52:51,064 11,000 credits. 1635 01:52:51,097 --> 01:52:55,301 But yet, only 10,000 actually exist in the money supply. 1636 01:52:55,335 --> 01:53:00,140 There is now more depth owed than money in existence 1637 01:53:00,173 --> 01:53:02,008 due to the interest charged. 1638 01:53:02,041 --> 01:53:04,944 So three things can happen: one, those short 1639 01:53:04,978 --> 01:53:07,213 can take on more loans to temporarily cover 1640 01:53:07,247 --> 01:53:09,382 the old ones postponing the problem. 1641 01:53:09,415 --> 01:53:12,252 Two, people could ramp up competitive trade 1642 01:53:12,285 --> 01:53:14,320 increasing economic activity 1643 01:53:14,354 --> 01:53:17,023 to try to get enough from others to cover the debt, 1644 01:53:17,056 --> 01:53:20,860 displacing the debt responsibility like a game of musical chairs. 1645 01:53:20,894 --> 01:53:24,264 Or three, the bank comes in and takes real property 1646 01:53:24,297 --> 01:53:26,399 to compensate for the outstanding debt, 1647 01:53:26,432 --> 01:53:30,203 which is inevitably what happens somewhere down the line anyway. 1648 01:53:30,236 --> 01:53:31,938 [director] Wait, that, that can't be right. 1649 01:53:31,971 --> 01:53:34,340 That would just be a system of organized theft. 1650 01:53:34,374 --> 01:53:38,878 Yes, banks were vehicles of creation on one side, 1651 01:53:38,912 --> 01:53:40,213 and a system of organized theft 1652 01:53:40,246 --> 01:53:42,115 and class oppression on the other. 1653 01:53:42,148 --> 01:53:45,185 But in a large complex global society, one based 1654 01:53:45,218 --> 01:53:48,154 on economic growth, money moves so rapidly 1655 01:53:48,188 --> 01:53:50,990 it was very hard for the mechanics of this to be recognized. 1656 01:53:51,024 --> 01:53:53,626 Obscured by things like the boom-and-bust cycle, 1657 01:53:53,660 --> 01:53:56,129 monetary expansion and contraction. 1658 01:53:57,030 --> 01:54:00,033 -[director] Mm, please continue. -So back to our island again. 1659 01:54:01,334 --> 01:54:03,670 But this time for the sake of simplicity, 1660 01:54:03,703 --> 01:54:06,506 let's remove the interest fee from the equation, 1661 01:54:06,539 --> 01:54:10,543 and focus only on the outcomes of competitive trade itself. 1662 01:54:10,577 --> 01:54:13,646 [Aleniya] So the 10,000 credits of money has been moving around 1663 01:54:13,680 --> 01:54:15,982 through trade, labor investment, 1664 01:54:16,015 --> 01:54:18,418 starting businesses, hiring employees, 1665 01:54:18,451 --> 01:54:20,987 and as is inevitable to the game, 1666 01:54:21,020 --> 01:54:24,490 some businesses will outperform winning disproportion income, 1667 01:54:24,524 --> 01:54:27,493 while others will fall behind losing income. 1668 01:54:27,527 --> 01:54:29,963 And naturally those with more money 1669 01:54:29,996 --> 01:54:32,966 can then increase their gaming advantage becoming 1670 01:54:32,999 --> 01:54:37,403 ever more competitive and of course more prone to keep winning. 1671 01:54:37,437 --> 01:54:40,039 As the old adage went, the rich get richer 1672 01:54:40,073 --> 01:54:41,708 and the poor get poorer. 1673 01:54:41,741 --> 01:54:44,377 A small business with limited means simply can't compete 1674 01:54:44,410 --> 01:54:47,714 with a larger one that can outperform them in the same service 1675 01:54:47,747 --> 01:54:50,683 due to having more resources to work with. 1676 01:54:50,717 --> 01:54:53,453 [Cynthia] So on our Island, we see an inevitable 1677 01:54:53,486 --> 01:54:56,556 point in time where say ten percent of that population 1678 01:54:56,589 --> 01:54:59,525 managed to acquire 90% of the island's wealth 1679 01:54:59,559 --> 01:55:01,427 while the other 90% of the population 1680 01:55:01,461 --> 01:55:03,563 now has only ten percent. 1681 01:55:03,596 --> 01:55:06,699 By the way, this isn't some arbitrary assumption, 1682 01:55:06,733 --> 01:55:08,968 this can be modeled mathematically. 1683 01:55:09,002 --> 01:55:12,071 The dynamics of mass competitive trade in any society 1684 01:55:12,105 --> 01:55:15,008 always moves toward disequilibrium. 1685 01:55:15,041 --> 01:55:17,710 So back to my point, when you put this together 1686 01:55:17,744 --> 01:55:21,547 a displaced debt burden and the application of interest, 1687 01:55:21,581 --> 01:55:24,417 you can begin to see the insidiousness. 1688 01:55:24,450 --> 01:55:27,553 An economic process based upon competitive advantage and trade 1689 01:55:27,587 --> 01:55:31,224 that inevitably consolidates wealth increasing that advantage. 1690 01:55:31,257 --> 01:55:33,526 Coupled with a financial system that is charging 1691 01:55:33,559 --> 01:55:36,763 interest on loans that can never be fully repaid. 1692 01:55:36,796 --> 01:55:39,732 So it's no surprise that in the early 21st century 1693 01:55:39,766 --> 01:55:43,102 the global economy had about 200 trillion in debt 1694 01:55:43,136 --> 01:55:45,638 and only 80 trillion in outstanding currency. 1695 01:55:45,672 --> 01:55:47,573 While in the United States, then considered 1696 01:55:47,607 --> 01:55:49,542 the richest nation on the planet, 1697 01:55:49,575 --> 01:55:53,379 half of the population had less than 1,000 dollars in savings 1698 01:55:53,413 --> 01:55:56,716 while also spending more each year than they actually earned. 1699 01:55:56,749 --> 01:55:58,418 Just trying to keep up. 1700 01:55:59,585 --> 01:56:02,055 While on the global level in nearly 50 percent 1701 01:56:02,088 --> 01:56:04,390 of the population lived in poverty on less 1702 01:56:04,424 --> 01:56:08,528 than $5.50 a day as roughly 30 individuals. 1703 01:56:08,561 --> 01:56:14,233 Yes, 30, owned more wealth than the bottom half, 3.6 billion. 1704 01:56:15,268 --> 01:56:17,770 Now, there are plenty of other intermitted things 1705 01:56:17,804 --> 01:56:19,539 that contribute to this disparity. 1706 01:56:20,440 --> 01:56:22,608 Offshore tax havens for the rich. 1707 01:56:22,642 --> 01:56:26,079 The mythology of trickle-down economics were government favors 1708 01:56:26,112 --> 01:56:29,515 business over the public's well-being, gaming strategies 1709 01:56:29,549 --> 01:56:32,819 to restrict the power of unions and keep wages low, 1710 01:56:32,852 --> 01:56:35,088 various shenanigans related to this thing 1711 01:56:35,121 --> 01:56:37,323 called the stock market, 1712 01:56:37,357 --> 01:56:41,060 but the financial system and its use of depth is really 1713 01:56:41,094 --> 01:56:42,562 the foundation of it all. 1714 01:56:42,595 --> 01:56:44,297 [director] Wow, you, you, 1715 01:56:44,330 --> 01:56:46,299 you would expect riots in the streets if people 1716 01:56:46,332 --> 01:56:49,168 -really understood that. -Well, there eventually were. 1717 01:56:49,202 --> 01:56:51,571 But again, at the time, people just couldn't see it. 1718 01:56:51,604 --> 01:56:55,241 But, no, it wasn't until the complete abolition of debt 1719 01:56:55,274 --> 01:56:58,678 on all levels that human slavery finally ended on this planet. 1720 01:56:59,846 --> 01:57:02,548 [director] Speaking of awareness I'd like to talk 1721 01:57:02,582 --> 01:57:05,218 a little about how the awakening started. 1722 01:57:05,251 --> 01:57:07,186 I know Concordia was instrumental 1723 01:57:07,220 --> 01:57:10,223 to technical change later on, but what about before that 1724 01:57:10,256 --> 01:57:12,825 perhaps starting in 20th century? 1725 01:57:12,859 --> 01:57:14,861 Well, it's sporadic. 1726 01:57:14,894 --> 01:57:16,662 The largest move against this system was 1727 01:57:16,696 --> 01:57:19,599 the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia inspired by a man 1728 01:57:19,632 --> 01:57:22,602 named Karl Marx, that brought about the Soviet Union 1729 01:57:22,635 --> 01:57:24,771 which existed for a couple decades. 1730 01:57:24,804 --> 01:57:27,273 And it employed a top-down regulation system 1731 01:57:27,306 --> 01:57:29,442 they called communism but it proved to be 1732 01:57:29,475 --> 01:57:31,377 inefficient and oppressive. 1733 01:57:31,411 --> 01:57:34,380 It was also wildly opposed by Western capitalist powers, 1734 01:57:34,414 --> 01:57:38,284 which sought to destroy it by any means necessary. 1735 01:57:38,317 --> 01:57:41,821 Criticism was generally infused with civil rights movements. 1736 01:57:41,854 --> 01:57:44,857 For example, Mahatma Gandhi, who helped liberate India 1737 01:57:44,891 --> 01:57:48,227 from Colonial rule, was notably against the system 1738 01:57:48,261 --> 01:57:50,663 recognizing its creation of poverty. 1739 01:57:50,696 --> 01:57:54,901 Once saying that "poverty was the worst form of violence." 1740 01:57:54,934 --> 01:57:56,602 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., 1741 01:57:56,636 --> 01:57:59,172 was also steadfast against capitalism, 1742 01:57:59,205 --> 01:58:01,808 seeing it as a part of a system of oppression 1743 01:58:01,841 --> 01:58:05,445 fueling racism. Same for the Black Panther Party 1744 01:58:05,478 --> 01:58:08,548 that had chapters all over the world in the 1960s. 1745 01:58:08,581 --> 01:58:11,417 You also had more academic minded organizations 1746 01:58:11,451 --> 01:58:13,319 like the technocracy movement 1747 01:58:13,352 --> 01:58:16,489 largely inspired by famous economist, Thorstein Veblen, 1748 01:58:16,522 --> 01:58:18,257 who recognize that a society 1749 01:58:18,291 --> 01:58:21,160 run by business people was a very bad idea. 1750 01:58:21,928 --> 01:58:26,299 [Aleniya] And by the 21st century when economic inequality was reaching 1751 01:58:26,332 --> 01:58:30,503 unprecedented extremes coupled with a growing ecological crisis 1752 01:58:30,536 --> 01:58:33,306 many more were realizing something had to be done. 1753 01:58:34,774 --> 01:58:38,478 But there is one that sticks out to me in the context 1754 01:58:38,511 --> 01:58:41,414 of the value system disorder present at the time. 1755 01:58:41,447 --> 01:58:44,217 An iconic speech given by a man named Omar Padillo. 1756 01:58:44,984 --> 01:58:48,221 Omar was born in poverty in Los Angeles, California. 1757 01:58:48,254 --> 01:58:50,223 And as a young man, he just happened to win 1758 01:58:50,256 --> 01:58:54,360 the largest state lottery ever in 2037 and he decided 1759 01:58:54,393 --> 01:58:58,464 to use that money to solve the vast homeless crisis in his hometown. 1760 01:58:58,498 --> 01:59:02,235 He funded non-profits, established housing treatment centers. 1761 01:59:02,268 --> 01:59:03,870 Not only getting people off the streets, 1762 01:59:03,903 --> 01:59:06,472 but really helping them recover and acclimate. 1763 01:59:06,506 --> 01:59:08,641 Something that hadn't been done before. 1764 01:59:08,674 --> 01:59:11,410 And they gave him a Nobel Peace Prize for it. 1765 01:59:11,444 --> 01:59:13,880 But what he had to say during his speech 1766 01:59:13,913 --> 01:59:15,848 wasn't exactly what they expected. 1767 01:59:23,723 --> 01:59:26,492 [audience applauding] 1768 01:59:26,526 --> 01:59:28,761 [solemn music] 1769 01:59:39,005 --> 01:59:40,439 Thank you. 1770 01:59:40,473 --> 01:59:41,741 And while I'm happy for those 1771 01:59:41,774 --> 01:59:43,743 we have helped over the past few years, 1772 01:59:43,776 --> 01:59:47,747 taking about 75,000 homeless off the Los Angeles streets, 1773 01:59:47,780 --> 01:59:50,416 I must say that the problem 1774 01:59:50,449 --> 01:59:52,885 at hand runs much deeper than the poverty 1775 01:59:52,919 --> 01:59:56,422 we see around us. When I created this program, 1776 01:59:56,455 --> 01:59:59,859 focusing on just this one regional crises, 1777 01:59:59,892 --> 02:00:02,662 my long-term hope was that it would set a new precedent. 1778 02:00:02,695 --> 02:00:04,697 That those who disproportionately benefit 1779 02:00:04,730 --> 02:00:08,334 in this world would be inspired, step up 1780 02:00:08,367 --> 02:00:11,304 and help take responsibility for the plight 1781 02:00:11,337 --> 02:00:12,872 of the less fortunate. 1782 02:00:12,905 --> 02:00:15,274 After all, what I have done here 1783 02:00:15,308 --> 02:00:17,777 is merely a patch that can only help a few. 1784 02:00:17,810 --> 02:00:20,413 For the true source of poverty, 1785 02:00:20,446 --> 02:00:23,649 our social system, continues to go unaddressed. 1786 02:00:24,650 --> 02:00:27,420 We live in a world of stories and myths. 1787 02:00:27,453 --> 02:00:30,323 And we've been told that the vast inequities that we see 1788 02:00:30,356 --> 02:00:33,893 is the price we must pay for innovation and progress. 1789 02:00:33,926 --> 02:00:35,795 Well, innovation to what end 1790 02:00:35,828 --> 02:00:38,931 and how do we define this notion of progress? 1791 02:00:38,965 --> 02:00:43,302 For if progress is about how much one can own, the availability of jobs 1792 02:00:43,336 --> 02:00:46,906 the state of a nation's GDP, the rise of the stock market, 1793 02:00:46,939 --> 02:00:50,409 or the development of some gadget to entertain and distract you, 1794 02:00:50,443 --> 02:00:53,679 then we face a serious existential crisis. 1795 02:00:53,713 --> 02:00:57,583 I submit that true progress can only be measured in the health, 1796 02:00:57,617 --> 02:01:02,321 stability, integrity and responsible freedom of a civilization. 1797 02:01:02,355 --> 02:01:05,925 Responsible to ourselves, responsible to each other 1798 02:01:05,958 --> 02:01:09,528 and responsible to their earthly habitat we all share. 1799 02:01:09,562 --> 02:01:11,831 And by those measures, my friends, 1800 02:01:11,864 --> 02:01:14,400 there is now little progress to be found. 1801 02:01:14,433 --> 02:01:16,836 As we all sit idly by, presupposing 1802 02:01:16,869 --> 02:01:19,772 that the way society works is the only way it ever could. 1803 02:01:20,706 --> 02:01:23,876 That said, if it's true that we must persist 1804 02:01:23,909 --> 02:01:26,512 in this inhumane economic order, 1805 02:01:26,545 --> 02:01:29,515 an order that has proven it can only create affluence 1806 02:01:29,548 --> 02:01:33,419 for a minority at the cost of destitution for the majority, 1807 02:01:34,720 --> 02:01:37,923 then our only choice is to seek a new level 1808 02:01:37,957 --> 02:01:40,526 of humanitarian effort. 1809 02:01:40,559 --> 02:01:42,762 Today, three people have more wealth 1810 02:01:42,795 --> 02:01:46,465 than the bottom 75% of the world's population, 1811 02:01:46,499 --> 02:01:48,401 six billion people, 1812 02:01:48,434 --> 02:01:51,737 the total wealth of the 4,000 billionaires out there 1813 02:01:51,771 --> 02:01:55,675 have the means to end global poverty a hundred times over, 1814 02:01:55,708 --> 02:01:59,378 and yet if you study their philanthropy, 1815 02:01:59,412 --> 02:02:02,114 it is clear that they are far more concerned 1816 02:02:02,148 --> 02:02:04,850 with their own interests, their own comforts, 1817 02:02:04,884 --> 02:02:07,853 than working to counter this ongoing structural violence. 1818 02:02:09,922 --> 02:02:13,125 You see there's a deeper kind of poverty here. 1819 02:02:14,560 --> 02:02:18,564 A spiritual poverty, a poverty that grows a culture 1820 02:02:18,597 --> 02:02:22,435 of sociopaths and the more they have, the more they want, 1821 02:02:22,468 --> 02:02:24,136 and the less they seem to care otherwise. 1822 02:02:24,170 --> 02:02:28,474 Moral bankruptcy hiding behind this age-old story 1823 02:02:28,507 --> 02:02:31,777 that one can have a billion dollars in the bank while others starve 1824 02:02:31,811 --> 02:02:34,847 is somehow natural to the human condition. 1825 02:02:38,184 --> 02:02:40,653 In a number of months my program will end 1826 02:02:41,554 --> 02:02:44,090 as the funds will be gone. 1827 02:02:44,123 --> 02:02:48,928 And to date not one wealthy, so-called philanthropist 1828 02:02:48,961 --> 02:02:51,130 has offered to help keep the program running. 1829 02:02:54,033 --> 02:02:57,169 Now I know this event is about peace, 1830 02:02:57,203 --> 02:03:00,639 but it must be understood that the wealthy of this world, 1831 02:03:00,673 --> 02:03:05,678 those at the root of true political power are sick. 1832 02:03:05,711 --> 02:03:09,448 Their priorities have nothing to do with true progress. 1833 02:03:09,482 --> 02:03:12,084 And the time for tolerance is over. 1834 02:03:13,719 --> 02:03:17,623 The billionaire's of this world are not symbols of success. 1835 02:03:17,656 --> 02:03:20,659 They are symbols of violence. 1836 02:03:25,097 --> 02:03:26,999 And until that violence ends, 1837 02:03:29,702 --> 02:03:32,238 there will be no peace on this planet. 1838 02:03:32,271 --> 02:03:34,940 [somber music] 1839 02:03:56,729 --> 02:03:57,696 [sighs] 1840 02:04:06,739 --> 02:04:08,974 I am sorry, Peter. Can we cut? 1841 02:04:09,942 --> 02:04:11,010 [Peter] Cut! 1842 02:04:13,179 --> 02:04:15,247 Well, it's, you know, it's this opening section. 1843 02:04:15,281 --> 02:04:19,618 I'm-- I'm still not getting it. I know we've been through it but, uh, 1844 02:04:19,652 --> 02:04:21,854 -it's just not landing for me. -[Peter] I'm just going to keep rolling here. 1845 02:04:21,887 --> 02:04:23,789 Can you grab that color swatch for me? 1846 02:04:23,823 --> 02:04:25,925 You have to think about the interpretation in reference 1847 02:04:25,958 --> 02:04:27,960 -to the-- -[Simon] All right. Thank you. 1848 02:04:30,129 --> 02:04:32,565 This tripod head is toilet. 1849 02:04:35,568 --> 02:04:37,670 You know, my latte was cold this morning. 1850 02:04:37,703 --> 02:04:39,605 And that's my problem because? 1851 02:04:39,638 --> 02:04:42,708 Okay, okay, I, I think I got it. 1852 02:04:42,741 --> 02:04:44,610 -Thanks. -[Peter] No problem. All right 1853 02:04:44,643 --> 02:04:46,145 -everybody, let's move. -[sighs] 1854 02:04:46,178 --> 02:04:49,315 Jesus, take a screenwriting class for Christ's sake. 1855 02:04:49,348 --> 02:04:52,284 No one's going to understand any of this shit. 1856 02:04:52,318 --> 02:04:53,786 -[Peter] Camera? -[man] Rolling. 1857 02:04:53,819 --> 02:04:55,754 -[Peter] Audio? -[woman] Speeding. 1858 02:04:55,788 --> 02:04:57,056 [man 2] Slate. 1859 02:04:57,089 --> 02:04:59,325 [man 3] Scene 37, take 23. 1860 02:04:59,358 --> 02:05:00,626 [clicks] 1861 02:05:01,760 --> 02:05:03,295 [playful music] 1862 02:05:03,329 --> 02:05:06,031 [audience applauding] 1863 02:05:08,100 --> 02:05:10,870 What if I told you, John, what many see 1864 02:05:10,903 --> 02:05:15,274 as problems in the world are actually solutions in transition. 1865 02:05:15,307 --> 02:05:16,809 Is that some kind of Taoist riddle? 1866 02:05:16,842 --> 02:05:18,677 [audience laughing] 1867 02:05:20,145 --> 02:05:23,315 Poverty, crime, war, disease, even the ongoing 1868 02:05:23,349 --> 02:05:25,317 destruction of the habitat. 1869 02:05:25,351 --> 02:05:28,087 What if they were actually productive forces 1870 02:05:28,120 --> 02:05:29,922 assisting a larger end? 1871 02:05:31,023 --> 02:05:32,992 I'd suggest you lighten up on the Nietzsche. 1872 02:05:33,025 --> 02:05:34,860 [audience laughing] 1873 02:05:37,329 --> 02:05:40,633 What separate us from the rest of the animal kingdom 1874 02:05:40,666 --> 02:05:44,103 is that we have no natural predators. 1875 02:05:44,136 --> 02:05:47,973 Nothing out there to snatch us up for an afternoon snack. 1876 02:05:48,007 --> 02:05:52,711 We're also uniquely aware of our own mortality and fight it 1877 02:05:52,745 --> 02:05:56,749 with hospitals, medicine, inoculations. 1878 02:05:56,782 --> 02:05:59,785 Little stopping us from reproducing 1879 02:05:59,818 --> 02:06:02,321 to the very limit of our host, 1880 02:06:02,354 --> 02:06:04,290 at least not externally. 1881 02:06:04,323 --> 02:06:08,227 Evolution had to do something a bit different with us. 1882 02:06:09,295 --> 02:06:13,999 So, instead, we {end-italic} are our own predators. 1883 02:06:15,100 --> 02:06:17,336 Predator and prey in one. 1884 02:06:19,338 --> 02:06:20,372 How convenient. 1885 02:06:20,406 --> 02:06:23,142 [audience laughing] 1886 02:06:23,175 --> 02:06:26,345 Which explains not only why humans murder each other 1887 02:06:26,378 --> 02:06:30,115 at a rate unparalleled by any other species, 1888 02:06:30,149 --> 02:06:34,219 but also why we've generated a social structure 1889 02:06:34,253 --> 02:06:39,892 that by systemic force further ensures a consistent rate 1890 02:06:39,925 --> 02:06:41,827 of premature mortality. 1891 02:06:43,162 --> 02:06:47,066 -You mean structural violence. -Embedded into the very design 1892 02:06:47,099 --> 02:06:48,968 of civilization itself. 1893 02:06:50,302 --> 02:06:52,972 So that is what the Malthusian Mandate does, 1894 02:06:53,005 --> 02:06:54,873 regulate how to kill off the week. 1895 02:06:55,874 --> 02:06:59,445 No, the Mandate isn't a policy of action. 1896 02:06:59,478 --> 02:07:02,748 It's a policy of inaction, a commitment 1897 02:07:02,781 --> 02:07:05,884 not to interfere with the natural course of the system. 1898 02:07:07,186 --> 02:07:09,855 So the invisible hand of the market has a machete. 1899 02:07:09,888 --> 02:07:11,924 [audience laughing] 1900 02:07:16,362 --> 02:07:18,230 I don't expect to win you over, John. 1901 02:07:18,263 --> 02:07:20,199 I'm just telling you the way it is. 1902 02:07:20,232 --> 02:07:21,800 I agree it's ugly. 1903 02:07:21,834 --> 02:07:23,702 But without the premature death 1904 02:07:23,736 --> 02:07:26,772 that capitalism brings in the form of inequality 1905 02:07:26,805 --> 02:07:30,075 that planet would have flown off its access long ago. 1906 02:07:32,878 --> 02:07:33,946 As you know, 1907 02:07:34,947 --> 02:07:37,282 the Industrial Revolution set in motion 1908 02:07:37,316 --> 02:07:40,719 population growth that was hyperbolic. 1909 02:07:40,753 --> 02:07:43,789 And out of the 70 million who now die each year 1910 02:07:43,822 --> 02:07:46,759 30 million do so because of unequal conditions. 1911 02:07:47,526 --> 02:07:49,194 So 40 percent of all global deaths 1912 02:07:49,228 --> 02:07:50,763 are structurally inflicted, 1913 02:07:50,796 --> 02:07:52,431 you know, there's a word for that, Simon. 1914 02:07:52,464 --> 02:07:54,133 Oh, don't be dramatic. 1915 02:07:54,166 --> 02:07:57,236 Again, this is system-level behavior, John. 1916 02:07:57,269 --> 02:08:00,172 Not some nefarious conspiracy. 1917 02:08:00,205 --> 02:08:02,341 You want to know what the population would be 1918 02:08:02,374 --> 02:08:03,909 if this wasn't the case? 1919 02:08:03,942 --> 02:08:06,879 If we removed inequality driven mortality 1920 02:08:06,912 --> 02:08:10,215 for the last 100 years accounting for fertility, 1921 02:08:10,249 --> 02:08:12,418 about 16 billion would be sucking up 1922 02:08:12,451 --> 02:08:14,820 resources on that planet today 1923 02:08:14,853 --> 02:08:18,891 with a carrying capacity still at only ten billion. 1924 02:08:18,924 --> 02:08:20,993 And you think things are messing now. 1925 02:08:22,327 --> 02:08:24,296 First of all, Simon. 1926 02:08:24,329 --> 02:08:26,965 When the great Reverend Thomas Malthus decided 1927 02:08:26,999 --> 02:08:29,835 population would forever outpace resources, 1928 02:08:29,868 --> 02:08:31,503 only one billion existed. 1929 02:08:31,537 --> 02:08:34,873 We're almost ten times that now despite his projections. 1930 02:08:34,907 --> 02:08:36,208 Second, in the modern era, 1931 02:08:36,241 --> 02:08:37,543 the greatest predictor of regional 1932 02:08:37,576 --> 02:08:40,012 overpopulation is poverty itself. 1933 02:08:40,045 --> 02:08:42,881 If the world ever did abolish it, increasing education, 1934 02:08:42,915 --> 02:08:45,184 population growth would dramatically slow 1935 02:08:45,217 --> 02:08:47,920 likely approaching equilibrium. 1936 02:08:47,953 --> 02:08:50,389 Your 16 billion number doesn't account for that. 1937 02:08:50,422 --> 02:08:52,424 And third, you're completely disregarding 1938 02:08:52,458 --> 02:08:54,460 what the Fullerian study proved long ago, 1939 02:08:54,493 --> 02:08:56,562 a study sanctioned by your own department. 1940 02:08:56,595 --> 02:08:59,965 The Fullerian study was purely theoretical, John. 1941 02:08:59,998 --> 02:09:03,168 A model only possible if humans magically conform 1942 02:09:03,202 --> 02:09:06,839 to strict sustainability and efficiency principles. 1943 02:09:06,872 --> 02:09:09,541 It required a completely egalitarian 1944 02:09:09,575 --> 02:09:12,244 structure without money and markets. 1945 02:09:12,277 --> 02:09:16,548 A fantasy given once again the reality of human nature. 1946 02:09:16,582 --> 02:09:19,118 Fantasy or not, the study was clear. 1947 02:09:19,151 --> 02:09:21,820 Not only can the Earth hold upwards of 30 billion, 1948 02:09:21,854 --> 02:09:24,256 it can do so with each having a standard of living equivalent 1949 02:09:24,289 --> 02:09:26,058 to today's upper-middle-class. 1950 02:09:26,091 --> 02:09:29,027 Yeah, again, assuming equal distribution, 1951 02:09:29,061 --> 02:09:30,529 which is absurd. 1952 02:09:30,562 --> 02:09:32,531 Humans have infinite wants. 1953 02:09:32,564 --> 02:09:35,167 No... they don't. 1954 02:09:35,200 --> 02:09:37,970 Infinite wants is a value disorder, 1955 02:09:38,003 --> 02:09:41,039 inspired by an economy that needs infinite consumption to work. 1956 02:09:41,073 --> 02:09:44,143 People are just as prone to be minimalist as they are materialist. 1957 02:09:44,176 --> 02:09:46,278 Comes down to the social condition. 1958 02:09:46,311 --> 02:09:49,014 Today, if people didn't have highly acquisitive values, 1959 02:09:50,015 --> 02:09:51,617 the entire economy would collapse. 1960 02:09:51,650 --> 02:09:53,952 Fine, believe what you want, John. 1961 02:09:53,986 --> 02:09:56,021 It's all moot anyway. 1962 02:09:56,054 --> 02:09:58,056 You asked me what the Malthusian Mandate 1963 02:09:58,090 --> 02:09:59,992 was and I'm telling you. 1964 02:10:00,025 --> 02:10:01,260 Whether you like it or not, 1965 02:10:01,293 --> 02:10:04,229 this is the reality of things today. 1966 02:10:05,264 --> 02:10:06,398 [buzzing] 1967 02:10:09,368 --> 02:10:10,969 We got Mandate metadata, 1968 02:10:11,003 --> 02:10:12,271 please tell me this is recording. 1969 02:10:12,304 --> 02:10:13,272 It certainly is. 1970 02:10:14,540 --> 02:10:16,441 Looks like John got his subterfuge. 1971 02:10:17,543 --> 02:10:19,411 So how's this organized then? 1972 02:10:19,444 --> 02:10:22,948 -Tracking demographics and mechanisms? -[Simon] We are. 1973 02:10:22,981 --> 02:10:25,184 As you'll notice conditions related to absolute 1974 02:10:25,217 --> 02:10:27,452 poverty in the third world countries account 1975 02:10:27,486 --> 02:10:30,289 for about 40 percent of all premature deaths. 1976 02:10:30,322 --> 02:10:32,324 And I see you're also tracking poverty related illness 1977 02:10:32,357 --> 02:10:34,459 and violence in the industrialized nations. 1978 02:10:34,493 --> 02:10:37,563 With heart diseases, cancer and diabetes 1979 02:10:37,596 --> 02:10:39,164 remaining at the top, 1980 02:10:39,198 --> 02:10:41,333 while suicide, inner-city gang warfare 1981 02:10:41,366 --> 02:10:44,269 and drug overdoses coming a close second. 1982 02:10:44,303 --> 02:10:46,405 What about deep stomach relationships? 1983 02:10:46,438 --> 02:10:48,006 Lack of education, childhood stress? 1984 02:10:48,040 --> 02:10:50,075 Correlated as well. 1985 02:10:50,108 --> 02:10:52,311 Actually, very consistent. 1986 02:10:52,344 --> 02:10:56,315 Regional cycles of deprivation are like clockwork. 1987 02:10:56,348 --> 02:11:00,085 Poor families continue to produce more poor families, 1988 02:11:00,118 --> 02:11:03,222 -even in the richest states. -And the mechanisms? 1989 02:11:03,255 --> 02:11:06,325 Standard class war stuff. Only difference now 1990 02:11:06,358 --> 02:11:08,994 is ecological and climate crisis, 1991 02:11:09,027 --> 02:11:11,163 which has rapidly increased mortality 1992 02:11:11,196 --> 02:11:14,433 in poverty-stricken desert and coastal regions. 1993 02:11:14,466 --> 02:11:16,468 But the same story otherwise. 1994 02:11:16,501 --> 02:11:19,037 The rich get richer with disproportional 1995 02:11:19,071 --> 02:11:20,672 opportunity in capital. 1996 02:11:20,706 --> 02:11:22,241 The political establishment 1997 02:11:22,274 --> 02:11:24,509 favors business and wealthy interests 1998 02:11:24,543 --> 02:11:26,979 over social support programs, 1999 02:11:27,012 --> 02:11:31,049 and the banking system keeps a solid stranglehold on social 2000 02:11:31,083 --> 02:11:36,188 mobility by saturating the lower class in insurmountable debt. 2001 02:11:36,221 --> 02:11:38,123 Same on the global level 2002 02:11:38,156 --> 02:11:40,492 through international finance institutions, 2003 02:11:40,525 --> 02:11:44,496 structural adjustments, austerity sanctions. 2004 02:11:44,529 --> 02:11:47,366 In fact, the financial system is really 2005 02:11:47,399 --> 02:11:50,269 the glue that holds all this together 2006 02:11:50,302 --> 02:11:52,671 keeping constant downward pressure 2007 02:11:52,704 --> 02:11:55,274 on the impecunious masses. 2008 02:11:58,677 --> 02:12:01,280 [loud rumbling] 2009 02:12:06,051 --> 02:12:07,619 [robotic buzzing] 2010 02:12:09,521 --> 02:12:11,957 [traffic noises] 2011 02:12:40,752 --> 02:12:44,056 [ominous music] 2012 02:13:11,283 --> 02:13:14,386 [eerie music] 2013 02:13:56,561 --> 02:13:58,263 [ominous music increasing] 2014 02:14:02,868 --> 02:14:07,839 [announcement] Final warning. Please evacuate proximal region. 2015 02:14:09,141 --> 02:14:12,844 Program will commence in ten, 2016 02:14:12,878 --> 02:14:19,484 nine, eight, seven, six, 2017 02:14:19,518 --> 02:14:22,621 five, four... 2018 02:14:30,362 --> 02:14:32,764 [building rumbles] 2019 02:14:36,535 --> 02:14:39,104 [muffled rumbling] 2020 02:14:44,776 --> 02:14:46,845 [glass shattering] 2021 02:14:57,222 --> 02:14:59,491 [gentle music] 2022 02:15:01,226 --> 02:15:04,496 [Malikan] Centuries ago humans discovered hydrocarbon energy, 2023 02:15:04,529 --> 02:15:06,865 fossil fuels, and for a good chunk of time, 2024 02:15:06,898 --> 02:15:10,335 it was a critical mechanism advancing civilization, 2025 02:15:10,368 --> 02:15:12,370 but after a while it became obvious that 2026 02:15:12,404 --> 02:15:15,907 its continued use posed insurmountable repercussions, 2027 02:15:15,941 --> 02:15:17,876 damaging the environment. 2028 02:15:17,909 --> 02:15:20,312 So we eventually had to stop using it completely, 2029 02:15:20,345 --> 02:15:23,415 figuring out other means. And this is a good analogy 2030 02:15:23,448 --> 02:15:27,652 as to why we also needed to transcend that social system. 2031 02:15:27,686 --> 02:15:29,521 I look at capitalism 2032 02:15:29,554 --> 02:15:32,858 as an adolescent stage in the growth of civilization. 2033 02:15:32,891 --> 02:15:36,528 Let's let loose and have people be selfish building and creating 2034 02:15:36,561 --> 02:15:40,599 in a belligerent manner with no regard for consequences. 2035 02:15:40,632 --> 02:15:43,602 And we learned a lot. I think without this phase, 2036 02:15:43,635 --> 02:15:46,671 we wouldn't have been able to recognize and amplify 2037 02:15:46,705 --> 02:15:49,608 what really makes us unique as a species. 2038 02:15:49,641 --> 02:15:52,477 We started as DNA moving from simplicity 2039 02:15:52,511 --> 02:15:55,780 to complexity evolving a brain with consciousness, 2040 02:15:55,814 --> 02:15:58,350 while blessed with a profound social nature, 2041 02:15:58,383 --> 02:16:00,952 merging us into a truly global consciousness 2042 02:16:00,986 --> 02:16:03,555 continuing this expansion. 2043 02:16:03,588 --> 02:16:06,358 Not through our biology but through the sharing 2044 02:16:06,391 --> 02:16:09,261 of knowledge, cultural evolution. 2045 02:16:10,428 --> 02:16:13,598 There was a great library in a city called Alexandria 2046 02:16:13,632 --> 02:16:16,468 long, long ago, and it contained some of the most 2047 02:16:16,501 --> 02:16:19,538 foundational texts of human civilization. 2048 02:16:19,571 --> 02:16:22,307 And sadly it was destroyed in war. 2049 02:16:22,340 --> 02:16:24,576 Many centuries later, a famous astronomer named 2050 02:16:24,609 --> 02:16:26,912 Carl Sagan, commented on the subject, 2051 02:16:38,456 --> 02:16:41,026 So the great question of scientific and hence, 2052 02:16:41,059 --> 02:16:44,529 economic progress, inevitably becomes, 2053 02:16:50,502 --> 02:16:53,338 How do we harness our different talents and skills 2054 02:16:53,371 --> 02:16:55,874 to bring out our best potential, 2055 02:16:55,907 --> 02:16:59,044 not only as individuals, but as a civilization? 2056 02:16:59,077 --> 02:17:01,313 We know the hardware, so to speak. 2057 02:17:01,346 --> 02:17:04,282 A finite yet profoundly regenerative planet 2058 02:17:04,316 --> 02:17:05,984 bound by laws of nature 2059 02:17:06,017 --> 02:17:08,820 with our species part of a delicate ecosystem 2060 02:17:08,853 --> 02:17:11,022 sharing common ground. 2061 02:17:11,056 --> 02:17:13,658 [Aleniya] The true measure of economic progress 2062 02:17:13,692 --> 02:17:15,927 is simply doing more with less. 2063 02:17:15,961 --> 02:17:19,764 Efficiency, the ability to build something for a given purpose 2064 02:17:19,798 --> 02:17:23,401 that is not only better than what came before it in utility, 2065 02:17:23,435 --> 02:17:26,738 but also better in terms of reducing the amount of labor, 2066 02:17:26,771 --> 02:17:30,041 energy and resources required to make it work. 2067 02:17:30,075 --> 02:17:33,812 Which means it all comes down to design. 2068 02:17:34,779 --> 02:17:36,681 And back to my point about markets, 2069 02:17:36,715 --> 02:17:39,050 the infrastructure it created set the groundwork 2070 02:17:39,084 --> 02:17:42,854 for powerful new means to merge human talent and skill. 2071 02:17:42,887 --> 02:17:45,991 We just needed to remove the counter-productive aspects. 2072 02:17:46,024 --> 02:17:48,827 And, needless to say, wasteful human competition, 2073 02:17:48,860 --> 02:17:52,931 proprietary knowledge, and people motivated to sell things over and over 2074 02:17:52,964 --> 02:17:57,002 to feed a system of infinite growth wasn't going to work. 2075 02:17:57,035 --> 02:18:00,805 There had to be a way to bridge minds and solve problems directly, 2076 02:18:00,839 --> 02:18:04,542 not by proxy of market competition and profit. 2077 02:18:04,576 --> 02:18:06,978 I think the smartest thing we ever did as a society 2078 02:18:07,012 --> 02:18:11,116 was the adoption of an open source, shared resource commons. 2079 02:18:11,149 --> 02:18:14,686 It exponentially catapulted our problem solving creativity. 2080 02:18:14,719 --> 02:18:17,555 We ended corporations, localized communities, 2081 02:18:17,589 --> 02:18:19,557 and shared all knowledge. 2082 02:18:19,591 --> 02:18:21,393 In fact, if it wasn't for that move, 2083 02:18:21,426 --> 02:18:23,728 I really don't think we would've solved the climate crisis 2084 02:18:23,762 --> 02:18:26,431 and all the other ecological and social problems 2085 02:18:26,464 --> 02:18:28,099 we faced before the Great Transition. 2086 02:18:29,067 --> 02:18:32,704 I still stand in awe today at the stunningly productive 2087 02:18:32,737 --> 02:18:35,473 collective design processes we created, 2088 02:18:35,507 --> 02:18:39,711 where status is driven not by differential competition for gain, 2089 02:18:39,744 --> 02:18:42,113 but by the degree of your contribution: 2090 02:18:42,147 --> 02:18:45,016 how dedicated you are to problem solving and creation, 2091 02:18:45,050 --> 02:18:48,953 working to improve the fabric of society itself. 2092 02:18:48,987 --> 02:18:52,691 We also realized the true purpose of a means of production 2093 02:18:52,724 --> 02:18:55,160 based upon automated technology. 2094 02:18:55,193 --> 02:18:57,562 Not as some brute industrial mechanism 2095 02:18:57,595 --> 02:19:00,465 to produce an endless stream of arbitrary goods, 2096 02:19:00,498 --> 02:19:04,002 but as a way to free ourselves from uncreative labor, 2097 02:19:04,035 --> 02:19:07,572 not to mention improving efficiency and safety. 2098 02:19:07,605 --> 02:19:09,841 And one final evolution worth noting 2099 02:19:09,874 --> 02:19:12,677 was the removal of the price system. 2100 02:19:12,711 --> 02:19:15,113 People stuck these numbers on everything 2101 02:19:15,146 --> 02:19:18,883 that suggested some kind of earthly value. 2102 02:19:18,917 --> 02:19:22,921 The numbers were a result of a particularly crude equation 2103 02:19:22,954 --> 02:19:25,457 dealing with the supply and demand. 2104 02:19:25,490 --> 02:19:27,759 And while the high priests of the market religion 2105 02:19:27,792 --> 02:19:30,829 saw those price decrees as the word of God, 2106 02:19:30,862 --> 02:19:34,799 the truth was any price value determined by market dynamics alone 2107 02:19:34,833 --> 02:19:36,901 was woefully incomplete. 2108 02:19:36,935 --> 02:19:38,837 And the only term to know in regard to that 2109 02:19:38,870 --> 02:19:41,706 is negative market externality. 2110 02:19:41,740 --> 02:19:45,810 These are cost values unaccounted for by the market price equation 2111 02:19:45,844 --> 02:19:48,012 related to damage done by industry. 2112 02:19:48,046 --> 02:19:50,448 For example, in the early 21st century, 2113 02:19:50,482 --> 02:19:54,819 the running price of hydrocarbon energy was in a particular range. 2114 02:19:54,853 --> 02:19:56,988 But yet, there was actually an additional 2115 02:19:57,021 --> 02:20:00,658 5.3 trillion dollars in cost every year 2116 02:20:00,692 --> 02:20:02,827 as people worked to clean up the damage 2117 02:20:02,861 --> 02:20:05,997 the use of hydrocarbons was doing to the planet. 2118 02:20:06,030 --> 02:20:09,934 [Aleniya] Same for the plastics industry, a serious problem back then. 2119 02:20:09,968 --> 02:20:15,540 It had an externalized cost of 2.5 trillion dollars a year 2120 02:20:15,573 --> 02:20:17,776 just to clean up the oceans. 2121 02:20:17,809 --> 02:20:19,744 [Malikan] In fact, if you went back 2122 02:20:19,778 --> 02:20:22,747 and did the accounting for global industry as a whole 2123 02:20:22,781 --> 02:20:25,483 factoring in these negative market externalities, 2124 02:20:25,517 --> 02:20:28,553 again, these costs not reflected in the set prices, 2125 02:20:28,586 --> 02:20:31,556 you would find that no company on the planet 2126 02:20:31,589 --> 02:20:33,158 was actually even profitable. 2127 02:20:34,058 --> 02:20:37,762 So, of course today we have a very different system of accounting. 2128 02:20:37,796 --> 02:20:42,167 We know almost exactly what's happening or could happen in downstream effects 2129 02:20:42,200 --> 02:20:46,671 and we improve our total system efficiency every single year because of it. 2130 02:20:46,704 --> 02:20:49,174 It's a true economy, in other words. 2131 02:20:50,241 --> 02:20:53,711 [Vivian] And all of this creates a very different social atmosphere. 2132 02:20:53,745 --> 02:20:56,281 Today our incentives are aligned. 2133 02:20:56,314 --> 02:20:58,850 No one cuts corners, there's no reason to. 2134 02:20:58,883 --> 02:21:01,052 No one is trying to improve some bottom line 2135 02:21:01,085 --> 02:21:03,621 by disregarding our ecological stewardship 2136 02:21:03,655 --> 02:21:05,757 or the well-being of others. 2137 02:21:05,790 --> 02:21:07,892 We finally got it right. 2138 02:21:07,926 --> 02:21:09,727 [Aleniya] And I compare the footage of the way 2139 02:21:09,761 --> 02:21:13,064 people behaved back then to the way they do now. 2140 02:21:13,097 --> 02:21:17,869 It's an astounding amount of pride and community, meaning and purpose. 2141 02:21:17,902 --> 02:21:20,638 They don't feel alone. 2142 02:21:20,672 --> 02:21:24,042 They know they have support, not just from their friends and family, 2143 02:21:24,075 --> 02:21:27,278 but from the very design of the social system itself, 2144 02:21:28,246 --> 02:21:30,715 a system designed to actually care. 2145 02:21:33,218 --> 02:21:34,118 Imagine that. 2146 02:21:37,121 --> 02:21:39,157 [loud traffic] 2147 02:21:46,998 --> 02:21:48,032 [horn faintly honks] 2148 02:21:54,205 --> 02:21:56,207 [horn honking loudly] 2149 02:21:56,241 --> 02:21:58,276 [train softly rattling] 2150 02:22:37,982 --> 02:22:40,018 [train rattles loudly] 2151 02:22:45,156 --> 02:22:46,691 [rattling stops] 2152 02:22:50,061 --> 02:22:52,797 [soft gentle music] 2153 02:23:05,076 --> 02:23:07,111 [men speaking indistinctively] 2154 02:23:45,350 --> 02:23:47,852 [man speaking with distorted voice] 2155 02:23:56,861 --> 02:23:59,364 [man speaking with distorted voice] 2156 02:24:19,884 --> 02:24:21,319 [softly scoffs] 2157 02:24:21,352 --> 02:24:23,287 The low polygon people are here. 2158 02:24:27,792 --> 02:24:28,860 [sighs] 2159 02:24:30,228 --> 02:24:33,097 -I wish they'd go back to their own resolution. -[softly chuckles] 2160 02:24:45,777 --> 02:24:47,812 [distorted chat continues] 2161 02:25:09,167 --> 02:25:11,202 [gentle music] 2162 02:25:58,516 --> 02:25:59,417 [loud whoosh] 2163 02:25:59,450 --> 02:26:01,486 [ominous music] 2164 02:26:10,561 --> 02:26:13,397 How are you still standing? What is that your tenth drink? 2165 02:26:19,303 --> 02:26:20,204 [joyful sigh] 2166 02:26:21,639 --> 02:26:22,840 Apple juice. 2167 02:26:22,874 --> 02:26:25,042 [loud beeps] 2168 02:26:25,076 --> 02:26:26,110 What's that? 2169 02:26:27,612 --> 02:26:30,481 That is a breach alarm. 2170 02:26:30,515 --> 02:26:33,384 [clicks tongue] Looks like Orion is continuing through our security. 2171 02:26:34,352 --> 02:26:37,421 And on that note, John, I need to know your intent. 2172 02:26:37,455 --> 02:26:41,292 I've explained the Mandate and how it's far bigger than both of us. 2173 02:26:41,325 --> 02:26:44,028 Policy of inaction is still a policy of action, Simon. 2174 02:26:44,061 --> 02:26:46,330 Well, if you'd like, we could continue 2175 02:26:46,364 --> 02:26:48,399 this colorful debate another time. 2176 02:26:48,432 --> 02:26:50,835 Assuming you're willing to assist us here now. 2177 02:26:53,404 --> 02:26:56,174 Signal source, what are the regional markers? 2178 02:26:58,910 --> 02:27:01,112 -Well... -[high beeps] 2179 02:27:01,145 --> 02:27:02,580 ...that's part of the problem. 2180 02:27:02,613 --> 02:27:04,448 The best we have is a desert region 2181 02:27:04,482 --> 02:27:05,917 on the west side of North America 2182 02:27:05,950 --> 02:27:08,052 about 10,000 square miles. 2183 02:27:08,085 --> 02:27:10,388 It's not too horrible. I assume your satellites 2184 02:27:10,421 --> 02:27:12,190 have been scanning more remote terrain. 2185 02:27:12,223 --> 02:27:15,226 Of course, nothing out of the ordinary has been seen. 2186 02:27:15,259 --> 02:27:18,262 What about surveillance gaps? Are the satellite passes seamless? 2187 02:27:18,296 --> 02:27:21,432 For the most part, there are some periodic latitudinal gaps, 2188 02:27:21,465 --> 02:27:23,501 but they only last a few hours. 2189 02:27:23,534 --> 02:27:26,571 Is it possible Orion is aware of them? Exploiting them? 2190 02:27:28,606 --> 02:27:31,209 -That's what I'd do. -I suppose, 2191 02:27:31,242 --> 02:27:32,677 but highly unlikely. 2192 02:27:32,710 --> 02:27:34,612 They would have to already be in our system 2193 02:27:34,645 --> 02:27:36,280 to know the trajectories. 2194 02:27:37,248 --> 02:27:38,316 Show me the gaps. 2195 02:27:41,586 --> 02:27:42,620 You want my help or not? 2196 02:27:45,423 --> 02:27:46,524 [high pitched whirring] 2197 02:27:46,557 --> 02:27:47,458 [sharp beep] 2198 02:27:50,728 --> 02:27:52,196 Zoom into the area in question. 2199 02:27:52,230 --> 02:27:53,164 [high pitched whirring] 2200 02:27:54,332 --> 02:27:55,566 Perfect. 2201 02:27:55,600 --> 02:27:57,168 Hold it right there, John. 2202 02:27:58,669 --> 02:28:01,205 We've already conducted sub sonar scans. 2203 02:28:01,239 --> 02:28:04,475 If they're underground, they're using some kind of reflective shield. 2204 02:28:04,508 --> 02:28:06,277 But what I think would be best for you 2205 02:28:06,310 --> 02:28:08,412 is to analyze the signal code itself, 2206 02:28:08,446 --> 02:28:10,348 see if you can find a signature. 2207 02:28:14,418 --> 02:28:15,419 [Simon] John? 2208 02:28:16,554 --> 02:28:19,156 Yeah, sorry, I was just thinking. 2209 02:28:20,391 --> 02:28:24,161 Hey, remember that Aqua Terraformation project we worked on years ago? 2210 02:28:24,195 --> 02:28:25,630 [soft tense music] 2211 02:28:25,663 --> 02:28:27,698 Sounds like you need to get some sleep. 2212 02:28:27,732 --> 02:28:30,067 Your attention span is going. 2213 02:28:30,101 --> 02:28:32,103 -And of course... -[high beeps] 2214 02:28:32,136 --> 02:28:36,440 ...how can I forget? Ionized nanotech pop-up islands 2215 02:28:36,474 --> 02:28:37,508 from seawater. 2216 02:28:37,541 --> 02:28:39,744 Too bad it never worked. 2217 02:28:39,777 --> 02:28:41,579 We could've extended populations 2218 02:28:41,612 --> 02:28:44,048 into the ocean, free up some space. 2219 02:28:44,081 --> 02:28:44,982 Yeah. 2220 02:28:45,950 --> 02:28:48,319 What other ambitious stuff did we work on? 2221 02:28:48,352 --> 02:28:49,687 Those were some exciting times. 2222 02:28:51,022 --> 02:28:52,290 Remember TRD Hollow Cloak? 2223 02:28:52,323 --> 02:28:54,058 Huh! 2224 02:28:54,091 --> 02:28:55,493 A sci-fi classic. 2225 02:28:55,526 --> 02:28:58,062 Tactile remote drone hologram. 2226 02:28:59,096 --> 02:29:01,465 We played with that for a while here, 2227 02:29:01,499 --> 02:29:03,000 but proved impossible, 2228 02:29:03,034 --> 02:29:05,336 light just can't merge like that. 2229 02:29:05,369 --> 02:29:07,305 Yeah. Too bad. 2230 02:29:08,439 --> 02:29:12,009 Lots of uses for a fully controlled remote tactile human hologram. 2231 02:29:13,210 --> 02:29:15,246 [upbeat tense music] 2232 02:29:20,151 --> 02:29:22,186 [high pitched whirring] 2233 02:29:23,220 --> 02:29:25,489 [sharp thuds] 2234 02:29:35,333 --> 02:29:37,368 [high pitched whirring] 2235 02:29:39,203 --> 02:29:40,104 Cool, huh? 2236 02:29:46,510 --> 02:29:48,346 And it's at this juncture, Simon, 2237 02:29:48,379 --> 02:29:49,714 I'm afraid I have to deliver some kind 2238 02:29:49,747 --> 02:29:51,582 of protagonistical declaration 2239 02:29:51,615 --> 02:29:53,484 of moral superiority 2240 02:29:53,517 --> 02:29:56,320 to indicate the philosophical error of your ways. 2241 02:29:57,455 --> 02:29:58,289 So here it goes. 2242 02:30:00,124 --> 02:30:02,727 Those that seek to create in this world, 2243 02:30:02,760 --> 02:30:06,097 those who embrace change as a natural force, 2244 02:30:06,130 --> 02:30:09,433 helping to unify humankind as one entity 2245 02:30:09,467 --> 02:30:11,402 in one shared direction, 2246 02:30:11,435 --> 02:30:13,738 realizing that injustice anywhere 2247 02:30:13,771 --> 02:30:15,373 is injustice everywhere, 2248 02:30:16,440 --> 02:30:20,144 will always be one step ahead of the traditionalists, 2249 02:30:20,177 --> 02:30:22,646 the preservers, the elitists, 2250 02:30:22,680 --> 02:30:26,717 who, in defense of their separatist identities and egoist fears, 2251 02:30:26,751 --> 02:30:32,123 seek to divide, conquer, oppress and destroy. 2252 02:30:33,190 --> 02:30:36,160 The pursuit of livingry will always be one step ahead 2253 02:30:36,193 --> 02:30:37,395 of the pursuit of weaponry. 2254 02:30:40,598 --> 02:30:43,601 Orion doesn't exist, does it? 2255 02:30:43,634 --> 02:30:45,369 Nope. 2256 02:30:45,403 --> 02:30:47,204 We just put a virus in your firewall. 2257 02:30:48,406 --> 02:30:50,741 Why? What's the point of all of this? 2258 02:30:50,775 --> 02:30:52,510 To expose the Mandate, of course, 2259 02:30:52,543 --> 02:30:53,577 which will be leaked shortly 2260 02:30:53,611 --> 02:30:54,645 to every major news network. 2261 02:30:54,678 --> 02:30:55,813 [chuckles] 2262 02:30:55,846 --> 02:30:58,883 Oh, seriously, that's it? 2263 02:30:58,916 --> 02:31:01,886 You think we can't absorb that? 2264 02:31:01,919 --> 02:31:04,522 That we haven't perfected endless ways 2265 02:31:04,555 --> 02:31:07,691 to deflate and confuse public perception when needed? 2266 02:31:07,725 --> 02:31:10,494 Well, then I guess you have nothing to worry about. 2267 02:31:11,462 --> 02:31:12,530 See you around, Simon. 2268 02:31:13,464 --> 02:31:14,398 [loud whoosh] 2269 02:31:14,432 --> 02:31:16,467 [high pitched beeps] 2270 02:31:28,412 --> 02:31:32,183 -Hey, token white guy is back! -[chuckles] Shut up. 2271 02:31:32,216 --> 02:31:33,918 All right, folks. We don't have much time. 2272 02:31:33,951 --> 02:31:35,886 I don't think he's going to buy that story for long. 2273 02:31:35,920 --> 02:31:37,655 How're we doing? 2274 02:31:37,688 --> 02:31:40,291 Satellite coordinates locked, everything's ready. 2275 02:31:40,324 --> 02:31:42,860 But keep in mind, even with bypassing your surveillance, 2276 02:31:42,893 --> 02:31:45,496 once this thing hits, the heat signature is going to be out of control. 2277 02:31:45,529 --> 02:31:47,665 That's what the subterfuge is for. 2278 02:31:47,698 --> 02:31:50,201 -Mandate leak on the blockchain yet? -[woman 2] Packaging now. 2279 02:31:50,234 --> 02:31:52,570 Should be in the hands of every major media outlet in about 20 minutes. 2280 02:31:52,603 --> 02:31:54,472 Good. 2281 02:31:54,505 --> 02:31:56,874 Don't forget to show Simon's stupid face. 2282 02:31:56,907 --> 02:32:00,411 So this is it folks. We have a clear path avoiding GSA surveillance. 2283 02:32:00,444 --> 02:32:02,413 Once the Mandate exposure hits the press, 2284 02:32:02,446 --> 02:32:04,682 Simon and company will be in damage control, 2285 02:32:04,715 --> 02:32:06,617 hopefully long enough so we can pull this off. 2286 02:32:07,818 --> 02:32:08,853 Anybody need anything? 2287 02:32:08,886 --> 02:32:10,321 -Music. -Music. 2288 02:32:10,354 --> 02:32:11,722 -Music. -Music. 2289 02:32:13,224 --> 02:32:13,924 You got it. 2290 02:32:13,958 --> 02:32:16,193 [drum beats] 2291 02:32:20,498 --> 02:32:22,533 [mechanical whirring starts] 2292 02:32:22,566 --> 02:32:24,602 [helicopter blades buzz] 2293 02:32:25,703 --> 02:32:28,239 [cheerful instrumental music] 2294 02:32:31,375 --> 02:32:33,410 [helicopter blades buzz loudly] 2295 02:32:54,999 --> 02:32:57,234 [singing opera] 2296 02:33:41,478 --> 02:33:44,014 -[loud whirring] -[loud laughs] 2297 02:33:44,048 --> 02:33:46,317 -[claps] -[director] All right, everybody, come on. 2298 02:33:46,350 --> 02:33:48,786 We got-- we got to finish this goddamn movie already. 2299 02:33:48,819 --> 02:33:51,722 Left. Right. Left. 2300 02:33:51,755 --> 02:33:52,957 [loud whirring] 2301 02:33:52,990 --> 02:33:55,025 [singing opera] 2302 02:34:06,337 --> 02:34:07,871 [muffled explosion] 2303 02:34:07,905 --> 02:34:09,807 [sharp whoosh] 2304 02:34:24,521 --> 02:34:26,523 Responding to this new leak by Concordia, 2305 02:34:26,557 --> 02:34:28,692 purporting to reveal a policy of neglect, 2306 02:34:28,726 --> 02:34:30,394 where the death of millions in poverty 2307 02:34:30,427 --> 02:34:31,929 was deliberately accentuated 2308 02:34:31,962 --> 02:34:34,331 by International Trade policy. 2309 02:34:34,365 --> 02:34:36,400 Leaked documents even include what appears to be 2310 02:34:36,433 --> 02:34:38,969 a video of GSA's current head, Simon Devoe. 2311 02:34:47,378 --> 02:34:48,712 Don't look at me like that. 2312 02:34:48,746 --> 02:34:51,348 Standard operating procedure, folks. 2313 02:34:51,382 --> 02:34:54,485 Get your media agents out there and start changing the narrative. 2314 02:34:54,518 --> 02:34:56,553 [instrumental music continues] 2315 02:34:56,587 --> 02:34:57,921 [water splashes] 2316 02:35:04,461 --> 02:35:05,963 Sir. 2317 02:35:05,996 --> 02:35:07,865 [radar beeps] 2318 02:35:07,898 --> 02:35:09,633 -What is it? -I don't know. 2319 02:35:09,667 --> 02:35:12,469 We don't have visual coverage in that region yet. 2320 02:35:12,503 --> 02:35:13,437 Send the drones. 2321 02:35:14,405 --> 02:35:16,640 [high pitched whoosh] 2322 02:35:16,674 --> 02:35:18,709 [water splashes] 2323 02:35:29,053 --> 02:35:30,754 Holy shit, it worked. 2324 02:35:30,788 --> 02:35:32,389 Shall we alert the base? 2325 02:35:32,423 --> 02:35:33,123 Indeed. 2326 02:35:34,058 --> 02:35:35,559 The migration begins. 2327 02:35:35,592 --> 02:35:37,628 [hologram buzzes] 2328 02:35:38,762 --> 02:35:40,864 [man 1] It's an artificial island, Sir, 2329 02:35:40,898 --> 02:35:44,735 in the Pacific, about 700 miles off the coast of North America. 2330 02:35:44,768 --> 02:35:45,669 [Simon sighs] 2331 02:35:46,770 --> 02:35:49,440 Holy shit, it worked. 2332 02:35:50,708 --> 02:35:52,576 [man 2] Scramble fighters to destroy it? 2333 02:35:52,609 --> 02:35:55,779 No. See this? 2334 02:35:55,813 --> 02:35:59,450 It's a plasma congealed electromagnetic field, 2335 02:35:59,483 --> 02:36:01,719 -impenetrable. -[man 1] How do you know that? 2336 02:36:02,720 --> 02:36:04,488 Because I know the creator. 2337 02:36:07,524 --> 02:36:08,992 And sing. 2338 02:36:09,026 --> 02:36:10,627 [music ends] 2339 02:36:19,169 --> 02:36:21,405 [water splashing] 2340 02:36:36,754 --> 02:36:39,223 [reporter] So, we've just arrived at the colony of Concordia, 2341 02:36:39,256 --> 02:36:41,024 where almost a million people have migrated 2342 02:36:41,058 --> 02:36:43,861 to basically get away from the rest of the world. 2343 02:36:43,894 --> 02:36:46,530 We are the first press allowed in, 2344 02:36:46,563 --> 02:36:48,499 waiting to meet our guide. 2345 02:36:50,667 --> 02:36:53,170 -Hi, I'm Elnoria. -Nice to meet you. 2346 02:36:53,203 --> 02:36:54,738 Thank you for having us. 2347 02:36:54,772 --> 02:36:56,173 I suggest we move to the city center, 2348 02:36:56,206 --> 02:36:57,941 start our tour from there. 2349 02:36:57,975 --> 02:37:00,110 -[softly] You can cut. -[soft electronical buzz] 2350 02:37:06,083 --> 02:37:08,218 So, there's been a lot of speculation on the mainland 2351 02:37:08,252 --> 02:37:10,087 about what goes on here. 2352 02:37:10,120 --> 02:37:12,890 You're depicted as some kind of a cult. 2353 02:37:12,923 --> 02:37:14,725 Claims of human right abuses, 2354 02:37:14,758 --> 02:37:17,828 and your media is being censored pretty aggressively. 2355 02:37:17,861 --> 02:37:20,030 Well, that's why you're here. 2356 02:37:20,063 --> 02:37:22,599 This island wasn't created to escape the world, 2357 02:37:22,633 --> 02:37:26,069 it was created to set an example to change the world, 2358 02:37:26,103 --> 02:37:29,807 show what's actually possible if humankind decided to work together. 2359 02:37:29,840 --> 02:37:32,042 So, where would you like to start? 2360 02:37:32,075 --> 02:37:33,944 I guess technicals. 2361 02:37:33,977 --> 02:37:35,512 How are you powering this place? 2362 02:37:36,580 --> 02:37:38,849 [Elnoria] Mixed renewable integration. 2363 02:37:38,882 --> 02:37:42,786 The island's core baseload systems are solar, wind and ocean, 2364 02:37:42,820 --> 02:37:44,922 while localized kinetic energy capture, 2365 02:37:44,955 --> 02:37:46,690 mixed use, reuse mechanisms, 2366 02:37:46,723 --> 02:37:48,759 are designed into most everything. 2367 02:37:48,792 --> 02:37:50,093 [reporter] Like footsteps? 2368 02:37:50,127 --> 02:37:52,029 [Elnoria] Footsteps, vehicle motion, 2369 02:37:52,062 --> 02:37:55,966 pipe flows, anything that moves, we recapture. 2370 02:37:55,999 --> 02:37:58,202 We're at about 5,000 percent efficiency, 2371 02:37:58,235 --> 02:38:00,704 more energy than we know what to do with. 2372 02:38:00,737 --> 02:38:02,206 That's insane. 2373 02:38:02,239 --> 02:38:03,774 Not really. 2374 02:38:03,807 --> 02:38:04,975 The earth is, in effect, 2375 02:38:05,008 --> 02:38:06,877 a perpetual motion machine. 2376 02:38:06,910 --> 02:38:09,780 You people on the mainland could easily do the same thing, 2377 02:38:09,813 --> 02:38:13,817 but your economic system simply isn't conducive to integrative design. 2378 02:38:13,851 --> 02:38:17,054 Speaking of which, let's head to the development center around the corner. 2379 02:38:17,087 --> 02:38:18,021 Okay. 2380 02:38:24,027 --> 02:38:26,096 This is one of our design facilities. 2381 02:38:27,231 --> 02:38:29,933 Okay. Like an office. 2382 02:38:31,201 --> 02:38:32,736 So these people are employed. 2383 02:38:34,371 --> 02:38:37,875 [Elnoria] Employed. Um, I suppose in the most technical sense of the word, sure. 2384 02:38:37,908 --> 02:38:39,977 But we have no systemic slavery here. 2385 02:38:40,010 --> 02:38:43,080 No one is coerced to submit for their basic survival, 2386 02:38:43,113 --> 02:38:45,616 something I suspect might be very foreign to you. 2387 02:38:46,850 --> 02:38:49,253 But everyone needs to do something, right? 2388 02:38:49,286 --> 02:38:53,090 So how do you network skills, organized trade, markets? 2389 02:38:53,123 --> 02:38:54,791 [Elnoria] There is no trade. 2390 02:38:54,825 --> 02:38:57,794 There are no markets. There is no currency. 2391 02:38:57,828 --> 02:39:00,697 Those who wish to contribute do so through collaborative design 2392 02:39:00,731 --> 02:39:02,900 in an open source environment. 2393 02:39:02,933 --> 02:39:05,602 What you think of as industries of production on the mainland 2394 02:39:05,636 --> 02:39:06,904 is unified here. 2395 02:39:06,937 --> 02:39:08,105 Wait, I don't understand. 2396 02:39:09,306 --> 02:39:11,108 These people are not paid to be here? 2397 02:39:12,910 --> 02:39:14,311 How are they motivated? 2398 02:39:14,344 --> 02:39:16,613 Well, how is anyone motivated? 2399 02:39:16,647 --> 02:39:19,283 Do you need to get paid to get out of bed in the morning? 2400 02:39:19,316 --> 02:39:21,652 Do you need to be paid to ensure your own health, 2401 02:39:21,685 --> 02:39:23,987 the health of your family and friends? 2402 02:39:24,021 --> 02:39:27,891 Paid to show stewardship for the habitat and society that supports you? 2403 02:39:27,925 --> 02:39:31,228 -How about innovation? -Innovation to what end? 2404 02:39:31,261 --> 02:39:35,032 To create something to improve life and experience? 2405 02:39:35,065 --> 02:39:36,733 Or to create something to sell? 2406 02:39:38,302 --> 02:39:42,072 If you think about it, it has been the blind economic drive toward innovation, 2407 02:39:42,105 --> 02:39:44,408 as you know it, that continues to lead your society 2408 02:39:44,441 --> 02:39:46,910 -to destruction -Okay, then. [sighs] 2409 02:39:46,944 --> 02:39:49,146 Once these people have designed something, then what? 2410 02:39:50,113 --> 02:39:51,882 [Elnoria] If a design meets proper criteria 2411 02:39:51,915 --> 02:39:54,751 in terms of efficiency and sustainability protocols, 2412 02:39:54,785 --> 02:39:58,822 it is then accessible by our mostly additive manufacturing system. 2413 02:39:58,855 --> 02:40:01,158 [reporter] Additive? 3D printers? 2414 02:40:01,191 --> 02:40:03,961 [Elnoria] Which have been perfected to a degree where modular arrays 2415 02:40:03,994 --> 02:40:07,664 can produce most anything conceived of with traditional material. 2416 02:40:07,698 --> 02:40:09,733 [gentle whimsical music] 2417 02:40:11,101 --> 02:40:13,270 And by the way, there's no waste here. 2418 02:40:13,303 --> 02:40:16,006 Our AI designed filters won't allow production of any item 2419 02:40:16,039 --> 02:40:18,141 that isn't 100% regenerative. 2420 02:40:20,143 --> 02:40:21,945 Sorry, I'm speechless. 2421 02:40:21,979 --> 02:40:23,213 If what you say is true, 2422 02:40:24,147 --> 02:40:25,716 you've actually done it. 2423 02:40:25,749 --> 02:40:26,783 Done what? 2424 02:40:26,817 --> 02:40:28,218 You've created Utopia. 2425 02:40:28,251 --> 02:40:29,820 [Elnoria chuckles] 2426 02:40:29,853 --> 02:40:31,888 If you want to sound like an idiot, sure. 2427 02:40:32,889 --> 02:40:36,994 This isn't Utopia, friend. It's simply pragmatic design. 2428 02:40:37,027 --> 02:40:39,796 Come, let me now show you our democratic system, 2429 02:40:39,830 --> 02:40:41,999 how we use direct democracy to eliminate politicians 2430 02:40:42,032 --> 02:40:43,367 and control problems. 2431 02:40:43,400 --> 02:40:45,402 [reporter] What? No elections? 2432 02:40:45,435 --> 02:40:48,038 -No goons? -[Elnoria] God, no. 2433 02:40:48,071 --> 02:40:51,241 [reporter] Whoa. So... so where do I sign up? 2434 02:40:51,274 --> 02:40:53,310 I want to join your cult as soon as possible. 2435 02:40:53,343 --> 02:40:55,912 -[Elnoria chuckles] I'll see what I can do. -Please. 2436 02:40:55,946 --> 02:40:57,781 I don't know if I can take much more. 2437 02:40:57,814 --> 02:40:58,982 [soft chuckles] 2438 02:41:00,417 --> 02:41:02,319 [director] So, I'm afraid we're going to have to wrap this up for now, 2439 02:41:02,352 --> 02:41:04,254 but a-- as we discussed, I will be back 2440 02:41:04,287 --> 02:41:06,289 for the second part of this interview fairly soon, 2441 02:41:06,323 --> 02:41:09,226 uh, specifically to discuss the colony of Concordia 2442 02:41:09,259 --> 02:41:11,395 and their historical influence. 2443 02:41:11,428 --> 02:41:14,498 Sure. So what's the name of the documentary? 2444 02:41:14,531 --> 02:41:16,333 [director] InterReflections. 2445 02:41:16,366 --> 02:41:18,335 -Interesting. -But before we end, 2446 02:41:18,368 --> 02:41:20,037 I have a rather strange request. 2447 02:41:21,805 --> 02:41:26,109 If you could address those vulnerable, confused souls, 2448 02:41:26,143 --> 02:41:27,744 you know, before the Great Transition, 2449 02:41:27,778 --> 02:41:28,879 given, as you put it earlier, 2450 02:41:28,912 --> 02:41:30,447 we barely made it at all, 2451 02:41:32,015 --> 02:41:33,183 what would you say to them? 2452 02:41:34,317 --> 02:41:36,820 Wow, that is a strange request. 2453 02:41:37,821 --> 02:41:38,789 Hm. 2454 02:41:39,656 --> 02:41:41,825 I think I would paraphrase the words 2455 02:41:41,858 --> 02:41:43,527 of a notable civil rights activist 2456 02:41:43,560 --> 02:41:46,963 from the mid-20th century named Bayard Rustin. 2457 02:41:50,901 --> 02:41:51,868 And he said, 2458 02:41:54,271 --> 02:41:55,372 "You are all one. 2459 02:41:56,640 --> 02:42:00,911 And if you don't know it, you're going to find out the hard way." 2460 02:42:00,944 --> 02:42:03,313 [upbeat music] 2461 02:42:06,349 --> 02:42:08,919 ♪ It's a bacchanalia 2462 02:42:08,952 --> 02:42:11,288 ♪ It's a cornucopia 2463 02:42:11,321 --> 02:42:13,256 ♪ Champagne and a caviar 2464 02:42:13,290 --> 02:42:16,193 ♪ What else is there? 2465 02:42:16,226 --> 02:42:18,528 ♪ Swimming pool and fancy yacht ♪ 2466 02:42:18,562 --> 02:42:21,231 ♪ Vacation in the south of France ♪ 2467 02:42:21,264 --> 02:42:23,166 ♪ You got anything you want 2468 02:42:23,200 --> 02:42:25,569 ♪ What else is there? 2469 02:42:25,602 --> 02:42:28,138 ♪ Did your mama teach you how to ♪ 2470 02:42:28,171 --> 02:42:30,540 ♪ Teach you how to share? 2471 02:42:30,574 --> 02:42:33,276 ♪ Did your mama teach you how to ♪ 2472 02:42:33,310 --> 02:42:35,445 ♪ Teach you how to share? 2473 02:42:35,479 --> 02:42:38,048 ♪ Did your mama teach you how to ♪ 2474 02:42:38,081 --> 02:42:40,417 ♪ Teach you how to share? 2475 02:42:40,450 --> 02:42:43,253 ♪ Did your mama teach you how to ♪ 2476 02:42:43,286 --> 02:42:45,388 ♪ Teach you how to share? 2477 02:42:50,994 --> 02:42:53,163 ♪ Your company has rising stock ♪ 2478 02:42:53,196 --> 02:42:55,565 ♪ Cheaper labor in the eastern block ♪ 2479 02:42:55,599 --> 02:42:57,901 ♪ No complaining in the sweat shop ♪ 2480 02:42:57,934 --> 02:43:00,537 ♪ What else is there? 2481 02:43:00,570 --> 02:43:03,073 ♪ Making deals in the back room ♪ 2482 02:43:03,106 --> 02:43:05,442 ♪ If you don't like it you can change the rules ♪ 2483 02:43:05,475 --> 02:43:07,544 ♪ Thank your friends in the Legislature ♪ 2484 02:43:07,577 --> 02:43:10,180 ♪ What else is there? 2485 02:43:10,213 --> 02:43:12,616 ♪ Did your mama teach you how to ♪ 2486 02:43:12,649 --> 02:43:15,085 ♪ Teach you how to share? 2487 02:43:15,118 --> 02:43:17,954 ♪ Did your mama teach you how to ♪ 2488 02:43:17,988 --> 02:43:20,090 ♪ Teach you how to share? 2489 02:43:20,123 --> 02:43:22,459 ♪ Did your mama teach you how to ♪ 2490 02:43:22,492 --> 02:43:25,028 ♪ Teach you how to share? 2491 02:43:25,061 --> 02:43:27,864 ♪ Did your mama teach you how to ♪ 2492 02:43:27,898 --> 02:43:29,966 ♪ Teach you how to share? 2493 02:43:49,319 --> 02:43:51,354 [crowd claps and cheers] 2494 02:43:57,460 --> 02:43:59,996 ♪ Never felt like we had enough ♪ 2495 02:44:00,030 --> 02:44:02,332 ♪ Welfare check don't buy much ♪ 2496 02:44:02,365 --> 02:44:04,568 ♪ I started working from eight on up ♪ 2497 02:44:04,601 --> 02:44:07,437 ♪ What else is there? 2498 02:44:07,470 --> 02:44:09,906 ♪ I know when I look at you 2499 02:44:09,940 --> 02:44:12,309 ♪ You got feelings like I do 2500 02:44:12,342 --> 02:44:14,444 ♪ Can we go by the golden rule? ♪ 2501 02:44:14,477 --> 02:44:17,047 ♪ What else is there? 2502 02:44:17,080 --> 02:44:19,416 ♪ Did your mama teach you how to ♪ 2503 02:44:19,449 --> 02:44:22,018 ♪ Teach you how to share? 2504 02:44:22,052 --> 02:44:24,654 ♪ Did your mama teach you how to ♪ 2505 02:44:24,688 --> 02:44:26,990 ♪ Teach you how to share? 2506 02:44:27,023 --> 02:44:29,359 ♪ Did your mama teach you how to ♪ 2507 02:44:29,392 --> 02:44:31,928 ♪ Teach you how to share? 2508 02:44:31,962 --> 02:44:34,564 ♪ Did your mama teach you how to ♪ 2509 02:44:34,598 --> 02:44:36,666 ♪ Teach you how to share? 2510 02:44:36,700 --> 02:44:39,236 ♪ Did your mama teach you how to ♪ 2511 02:44:39,269 --> 02:44:41,605 -♪ Teach you how to share? -♪ Help somebody 2512 02:44:41,638 --> 02:44:44,474 ♪ Did your mama teach you how to ♪ 2513 02:44:44,507 --> 02:44:46,543 -♪ Teach you how to share? -♪ Help somebody 2514 02:44:46,576 --> 02:44:49,179 ♪ Did your mama teach you how to ♪ 2515 02:44:49,212 --> 02:44:51,548 -♪ Teach you how to share? -♪ Help somebody 2516 02:44:51,581 --> 02:44:54,417 ♪ Did your mama teach you how to ♪ 2517 02:44:54,451 --> 02:44:57,687 -♪ Teach you how to share? -♪ Help somebody 2518 02:44:57,721 --> 02:44:58,922 [music faints] 194086

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